Please enter something

Exam 3 Soci

question

According to the text, there are different forms of racism. Overt, obvious racism, such as physical violence or the use of racial slurs is termed ______.
answer

old-fashioned racism
question

Anti-Semitism is the term for
answer

hatred of Jewish people.
question

A social category of people who share a common culture (i.e., language, national background or religion) is referred to as a(n) _____.
answer

ethnic group
question

At the time of their “discovery,” Native Americans had:
answer

heterogeneous cultures
question

Contact theory argues that interaction between Whites and minorities will reduce prejudice on the part of both groups if all of the following conditions are met, except: social norms favoring equality are agreed upon by the participants. all parties agree to work to reduce the prejudice. the parties interact on equal ground. the contact is sustained.
answer

all parties agree to work to reduce the prejudice.
question

____ is the evaluation of a social group based on misconceptions about the group.
answer

Prejudice
question

Prejudice is
answer

usually negative
question

Stereotypes are
answer

oversimplified statements of belief about members of a particular group.
question

The assimilation perspective argues that in order to be full members of society members of minority groups must adopt as many aspects of the dominant culture as possible. This perspective pertains to which type of sociological theory?
answer

functionalist theory
question

The generally held primary objection to Affirmative Action is
answer

the use of quotas
question

Understanding race and ethnicity as social constructions is a significant contribution of _____.
answer

symbolic interaction theory
question

Which of the following does not apply to all minority groups? experiencing prejudice and discrimination in society being smaller in number than the dominant group possessing characteristics generally considered different from the dominant group sharing a sense of group identity
answer

being smaller in number than the dominant group
question

Which of the following is the best example of institutional discrimination? A landlord who will never rent to anyone who has dark skin. Airport security procedures that specify people who appear to be Middle Eastern should be scrutinized more closely than others. Dr. Jones, a professor, claiming she doesn’t even notice the color of her students’ skin. A waiter refusing to serve a Black man who sits in his section.
answer

Airport security procedures that specify people who appear to be Middle Eastern should be scrutinized more closely than others.
question

Which of these countries has the largest population of Jews? Russia the U.S. Poland Israel
answer

The US
question

While prejudice is an attitude, discrimination is _____.
answer

overt behavior
question

A significant difference between the functionalist and conflict theory perspectives on gender is that
answer

conflict theory is more likely than functionalism to explore issues of race and social class as they relate to gender.
question

Comparative research finds that women are more nearly equal to men in societies where
answer

women have access to education
question

Even when husbands and wives are both employed outside of the home, the bulk of the domestic responsibilities fall on women. The sociological term for this is ______.
answer

the second shift
question

Evidence that gender is socially constructed includes
answer

the different gender roles found in different countries
question

From a ______ perspective, men have historically had the power to benefit from women’s labor and devalue women’s work.
answer

conflict
question

Gender identity has a strong impact on how one feels about one’s appearance. Studies of gender identity and body image have found that
answer

by early adolescence girls have lower self-esteem than boys do, due to concerns about their appearance.
question

Gender socialization
answer

influences all aspects of society and daily life
question

In biological terms, the combination of an X and a Y chromosome establishes a person’s sex as _____.
answer

male
question

In practice, sexual harassment in the workplace
answer

is an example of overt discrimination
question

In what way is the gender socialization of African American and White women alike?
answer

both are encouraged to be nurturing and other-oriented
question

One’s definition of oneself as a woman or a man is termed one’s _____.
answer

gender identity
question

Researchers on the influence of television has found that
answer

both boys and girls rate aggressive toys seen in commercials as desirable.
question

When an individual is born with both male and female biological sex characteristics, this is referred to as _____.
answer

intersexed
question

The process of learning the expectations for behavior associated with each sex is called _____.
answer

gender socialization
question

Which of these statements about the status of women worldwide is true? Although there have been few female heads of state, women’s representation in parliaments worldwide has reach almost 50 percent. The global division of labor is gendered, with women providing cheap labor for manufacturing. Across the board, women’s status is higher in Western than in non-Western countries. Recent trends toward the greater employment of women outside of the home has resulted in a decrease in the rates of violence against women globally.
answer

The global division of labor is gendered, with women providing cheap labor for manufacturing.
question

Which of these statements regarding social and physical differences between men and women is true? Biological makeup is more important than social influences in creating differences between men and women. All perceived differences between men and women are natural and biological. For any given trait there is as much or more difference within a given gender group as between groups. Gender differences are the same in every culture.
answer

For any given trait there is as much or more difference within a given gender group as between groups.
question

Which of these theories explains wage inequality between men and women using the individual characteristics of workers? human capital theory neither human capital theory or dual labor market theory dual labor market theory both human capital theory and dual labor market theory
answer

human capital theory
question

Which type of feminism is most concerned with the interrelationship of race, class and gender? multiracial feminism “doing gender” gendered institutions socialist feminism
answer

multiracial feminism
question

About _____ percent of the U.S. public think that abortion should be legal in any circumstance.
answer

24
question

According to conflict theory, sexual norms are:
answer

frequently contested
question

According to functionalism, sexual identity is:
answer

learned in the family
question

According to _____ theory, the call for a return to “family values” produces the uniformity in values necessary for social order.
answer

functionalist
question

A common stereotype for Asian American women is being _____.
answer

compliant and submissive
question

A person’s sexual identity
answer

may change at some point through out his or her lifetime
question

Both functionalism and conflict theory
answer

understand sexuality in terms of the overall organization of society.
question

From a symbolic interactionist perspective
answer

social approval and taboos influence what is considered permissible.
question

_____ gives legitimacy to heterosexual behavior, but not homosexual behavior, in order to maintain complementary roles and the ideal of the nuclear family.
answer

functionalism
question

In 2003, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that:
answer

private sexual relations are a constitutional liberty.
question

In regards to pornography in the U.S., sociologists note that
answer

pornography has come to permeate the culture.
question

Sexual behavior is not uniform among all societies. There is evidence that:
answer

sexual behaviors vary by social context
question

Sexual coercion or rape is primarily a consequence of
answer

power and dominance resulting from inequality.
question

Sociologists have linked the international sex trade to all of the following, except:
answer

capitalism
question

The idea that different standards for sexual behavior apply to men and women is called the _____.
answer

double standard
question

The social construction of sexual identities is explained by _____.
answer

symbolic interaction theory
question

Which of the following statement is true of sexual values and attitudes in American society? The age at which young people are having sex has been increasing over the past two decades. Fewer people are having sex before marriage than in the past. People have more sexual partners over a lifetime than in the past. There is greater tolerance of casual sex today than ever before.
answer

People have more sexual partners over a lifetime than in the past.