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Chapter 6 Theories of Criminal Behavior: Learning Theories

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Learning theories contend that learning most necessarily involves ___.
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socialization
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Which learning theorist is considering the founding father of positivistic criminology?
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Which two (numbered) propositions are considered the cornerstone of Sutherland differential association theory?
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agents of socialization, content of socialization
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_____ theory is considered as the first general theory of crime.
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differential association theory
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______ claimed that delinquents create their own subcultures.
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In Cloward and Ohlin’s typology, which type of gang represents “double failures” who have failed at most conventional as well as deviant endeavors?
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According to Cloward and Ohlin’s theory, what variable most determines what kind of gang a youth joins in a community?
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retreatsist
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Which social learning theory is the most general learning based explanation of crime with strong empirical support?
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Akers Social Learning Theory
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Cultural transmission theories focus on ______.
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The primary agents of socialization include:
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According to Akers ___ provides individuals with justifications or excuses for committing crime.
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Differential association vary in ____, _____ , and ______ . Define each.
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Sutherland theory of differential association identifies two primary socialization influences ______ and _____.
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Define four components of Social learning theory.
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