English Language Arts 11th Grade: Psalm of Life, Auspex, The World on Turtle’s Back

Flashcard maker : Lily Taylor
What is the central idea of paragraph six of Of Plymouth Plantation?
The land was cold, desolate, and dangerous, and the Pilgrims could not rely on the ship or their friends in Europe for survival.
According to Of Plymouth Plantation, which statement best describes the relationship between colonists and American Indians?
It was difficult, tense, and violent as soon as the settlers arrived.

Read this quotation from the introduction of the book The Pilgrims of New England by Mrs. J. B. Webb.

All the principal incidents that are woven into the narrative are strictly historical, and are derived from authentic sources, which give an impartial picture both of the virtues and the failings of these remarkable emigrants.

Based on the introduction, this book most likely includes

excerpts from primary source documents.
An article entitled “American Indian Oral Literatures” most likely focuses on
American Indian stories passed down through spoken word.

Look at the table of contents from The Iroquois Book of Rites by Horatio Hale.

Table of Contents

Chapter 1: THE HURON-IROQUOIS NATIONS
Chapter 2: THE LEAGUE AND ITS FOUNDERS
Chapter 3: THE BOOK OF RITES
Chapter 4: THE CONDOLING COUNCIL—CLANS AND CLASSES
Chapter 5: THE CONDOLENCE AND THE INSTALLATION
Chapter 6: THE LAWS OF THE LEAGUE
Chapter 7: HISTORICAL TRADITIONS
Chapter 8: THE IROQUOIS CHARACTER
Chapter 9: THE IROQUOIS POLICY
Chapter 10: THE IROQUOIS LANGUAGE

Which chapter most likely contains information about the rules and regulations of the Iroquois Nation?

Chapter 6: THE LAWS OF THE LEAGUE
Which best states the central idea of the first paragraph of Of Plymouth Plantation?
Bradford believed God punished a sailor who mistreated the Puritans.
Which statement best describes one main idea of Of Plymouth Plantation?
The Pilgrims found themselves in a hostile environment with only their religious faith to sustain them.
What does Of Plymouth Plantation reveal about the Pilgrims’ readiness to establish a new colony where they landed?
They were not prepared for the harshness of the environment or the hostility of the American Indians, and they had little food if the ship left before spring.
According to Of Plymouth Plantation, which statement best describes the Pilgrims’ attitude toward the American Indians they encountered after landing at Cape Cod?
They thought the American Indians were both violent and hostile.
What is the main idea of paragraph three of Of Plymouth Plantation?
A sailor who fell overboard was spared by God to become a member of the church.
According to “The World on Turtle’s Back,” which best demonstrates the Iroquois view of women?
Women were respected because they helped create and sustain the world.

Read this excerpt from “The World on Turtle’s Back.”

The birds of the sea joined together to save the woman and they broke her fall. The great sea turtle floated in the ocean and received the woman on his back without harm. The frightened woman looked around and all she could see was water and sky. She felt helpless, but the animals were determined to save her. She told them that if they could find some soil, she could plant the roots from the Great Tree that were still tangled in her hands.

Based on the animals’ behavior toward the woman, it is reasonable to conclude that the animals

felt compassion for the woman because she was scared.
The conflict between the right-handed brother and left-handed brother described in
“The World on Turtle’s Back” shows that the Iroquois most likely believed
there is an eternal battle between good and evil.
Which sentence from “The World on Turtle’s Back” best illustrates why the story is considered a creation myth?
The woman placed the dirt on Turtle’s back and performed a ritual to create the earth.

Read this quotation from “The World on Turtle’s Back.”

“The right-handed twin lives in the Sky-World and he is content with the world he helped to create. The left-handed twin lives in the world below. He, too, is content with the world of men. He delights in the sounds of warfare and suffering. These two beings rule the world and look after the affairs of men. During the day people have rituals to honor the right-handed twin. At night they dance and sing for the left-handed twin.”

According to this quotation, the two brothers represent

good and evil.

Read this excerpt from “The World on Turtle’s Back.”

The right-handed twin accused his brother of murdering their mother and their quarrels continued until it was time to bury their mother. With the help of their grandmother, they made her a grave. From her head grew the three sister plants, corn, beans, and squash. From her heart grew tobacco, which people still use to give thanks in ceremony. She is called “our mother” and the people dance and sing to her to make the plants grow.

The excerpt suggests that the Iroquois believed that

sometimes good can come from tragedy.

Read this excerpt from “The World on Turtle’s Back.”

In the Sky-World was a man who aimed to please his pregnant wife. His wife told him that she wanted some bark from the roots of the Great Tree. Though the husband knew it was wrong, he dug up the roots of the tree for his wife. In doing so, he broke a hole in the floor of the Sky-World, and was shocked to find empty space underneath. He was terrified and told his wife what he did.

Which words in this excerpt support the idea that the husband was very devoted to his wife?

Though the husband knew it was wrong, he dug up the roots
“The World on Turtle’s Back” is a creation myth because it
explains how the Iroquois believe that the earth was created.
In the beginning of “The World on Turtle’s Back,” why did the husband become “terrified”?
He was terrified that he would be punished for marring a sacred tree.
What does “The Origin of the Robin” suggest about Ojibwa views of the parent-child relationship?
It suggests that parents’ words were held in very high regard.
What do both “To My Dear Loving Husband” and “To the King’s Most Excellent Majesty” communicate to the reader?
details of a significant relationship
Which statement best describes how Wheatley’s word choice in “To the King’s Most Excellent Majesty” expresses her colonial values?
Using hyperbole, it stresses admiration and praise for the king.
What is the effect of the couplets in “To My Dear Loving Husband” and “To the King’s Most Excellent Majesty”?
They allow a poet to link lines of poetry together using sound.

Read the quotation from “To My Dear Loving Husband.”

“I prize thy love more than whole mines of gold,
Or all the riches that the East doth hold.”

These lines contain an example of

hyperbole.
How does each poet’s use of figurative language contribute to the overall meaning of “To My Dear Loving Husband” and “To the King’s Most Excellent Majesty”?
Wheatley’s use of hyperbole accentuates her respect for the king; Bradstreet’s use of hyperbole shows how greatly the speaker values her husband’s love.
Which of the following statements most accurately describes both “To My Dear Loving Husband” and “To the King’s Most Excellent Majesty”?
The speaker celebrates an important figure in her life.
How do “To My Dear Loving Husband” and “To the King’s Most Excellent Majesty” reflect cultural values of their time?
Each poem features a speaker who emphasizes the relevance of duty, love, and respect.

Read the quotation from “To the King’s Most Excellent Majesty.”

“And may each clime with equal gladness see
A monarch’s smile can set his subjects free!”

Wheatley uses the word free in these lines to suggest that

the king has the potential to make his subjects happy.
Which line from “To My Dear Loving Husband” contains a metaphor?
“My love is such that rivers cannot quench,”
A theme expressed in both “To My Dear Loving Husband” and “To the King’s Most Excellent Majesty” is
gratitude and loyalty

Read the sentence.

The song that Millie hoped to play in the talent show was written by Alejandro.

Which is the best way to write this sentence in the active voice?

Alejandro wrote the song that Millie hoped to play in the talent show.

Read the paragraph.

My brother and I pulled into the driveway. I peered up and thought it was suspicious that every shade in the house was drawn. The house had been unusually dark for early evening. As my brother unlocked the front door, I heard some hushed whispers. Suddenly, about ten of my friends and my parents jumped out and yelled, “Surprise!”

Which is the best replacement for the underlined sentence?

The house was unusually dark for early evening.
Which sentence is an example of the imperative mood?
Please bring me my physics textbook, my lab manual, and my homework assignments.
Which sentence is an example of the indicative mood?
You worked on your essay yesterday so you could go to the game today.

Read the sentence.

Peeking through the curtains, Yvonne scan the audience for Mira and saw her sitting in the fourth row.

Which is the best replacement for the underlined word?

scanned

Read the sentences.

Mariano traveled to Washington, DC, for the first time when he was in eighth grade. He thrilled to be going back.

Which is the best replacement for the underlined words?

is thrilled

Read the sentence.

If we had arrived earlier, we would have been able to sit closer to the stage.

What is the verb mood of this sentence?

subjunctive

Read the paragraph.

Nikki’s grandmother always made the most delicious baklava. It was perfectly sweet, perfectly flaky, and perfectly nutty. Nikki had always known that her grandmother would teach her how to make it one day. That day had finally come. As Nikki tied her apron strings, she couldn’t help smiling. One day, she teaches her own children and grandchildren this precious recipe!

Which is the best replacement for the underlined sentence?

One day, she would teach her own children and grandchildren this precious recipe!

Read the sentence.

The final goal was kicked by Jake, and the Huskies won the game.

Which is the best way to write this sentence in the active voice?

Jake kicked the final goal, and the Huskies won the game.

Read the sentences.

Sentence 1: I hope the dinner comes out perfectly, but even if it doesn’t, I’m pretty sure they’ll know how hard I tried.

Sentence 2: Then we’ll have coffee cake for dessert, which I made from scratch.

Sentence 3: I am making my sister’s favorite: roasted chicken, brown rice, and brussels sprouts.

Sentence 4: I cannot wait to cook dinner for my family tonight.

What is the most logical sequence for these sentences in a story?

4, 3, 2, 1

Read the writing prompt.

Your school has decided that students must wear uniforms every day. Do you agree with this decision? Why or why not? Write a letter to your principal that explains your point of view. Provide clear reasons for whether or not you support the school’s decision.

Jonas decides that he will write a letter explaining that he disagrees with the principal’s decision because he believes that uniforms take away from students’ individuality. What is his best next step?

create an outline

Read the introduction to Griffin’s personal narrative, “Saving Up.”

When I was fifteen, I asked my mom if I could go visit my cousin, who lives across the country. “If you can [WOL] up enough babysitting money to pay for half of the plane ticket, I will let you go,” she replied. I [WOL] thrilled!

Which words correctly fill in the blanks?

save; was

Read the introduction to Kenny’s personal narrative, “Best Friends.”

Karim, Johan, and I had been best friends since seventh grade. We were inseparable. Sometimes we’d spend entire weekends reading comic books and playing basketball. So when Karim’s parents [WOL] us that they were moving across the country, we didn’t believe it, and we didn’t know how our friendship would survive.

Which word correctly fills in the blank?

told

Read the introduction to Keyana’s personal narrative, “Thanks, Dad.”

When I was four years old, my dad and I [WOL] a tree in our front yard. It was a tiny, fragile sapling. He promised me that it would grow tall and strong, but he said that I had to be patient. Until I turned 18 years old, Dad and I [WOL] it every year on my birthday.

Choose the words that correctly fill in the blanks.

planted; measured
Sasha just read a writing prompt, and she is not sure what to write about. In order to write a strong essay, Sasha should first
brainstorm different topics.
Carter is writing a personal narrative about interning at the local newspaper. Read his outline below.
1. Introduction: Introduce how my first internship changed my life
A. My internship at the Corbin Times helped me realize that I wanted to major in journalism and one day be a newspaper reporter.2. Beginning: On my first day, I walked into the offices of the Corbin Times and had no idea what to expect.
A. I was a little shy and nervous to talk to anyone.
B. I was assigned to the archive department to help with a filing project.

3. Middle: After about two weeks, my supervisor, Ms. Banks, started assigning me more meaningful and exciting work.
A. I started helping reporters research and fact check.
B. I was allowed to observe a reporter as she interviewed the mayor.

4. End: I realized that I wanted to be a journalist.
A. I really enjoyed assisting the reporters, and I thought that I may be able to do what they do one day.
B. I felt like I was providing a service to my community.

5. Conclusion: I decided to study journalism in college.
A. I’m forever grateful to Ms. Banks and everyone at the Corbin Times for introducing me to my chosen profession.

Which term best describes the underlined sentence in the outline?

NOT the writing prompt

Read the introduction to Cora’s personal narrative, “Apple Picking.”

Have you ever [WOL] homemade apple pie? I have, and it was the most delicious piece of food I’ve ever tasted. Last summer, I [WOL] an orchard with my cousins.

Which words correctly fill in the blanks?

baked; visited

Read the introduction to Enzo’s personal narrative, “The Camping Trip.”

I opened my eyes, lay still for a moment, and [WOL] to the sounds of the forest. The rustling tree branches sounded like hushed whispers, and I wondered what they were saying. What a peaceful morning, I thought to myself.

Which word correctly fills in the blank?

listened

Look at the brainstorming web.

mc023-1.jpg

This brainstorming web is helping the writer

think of different topics to write about.

Read the introduction to Lena’s personal narrative, “My First Solo.”

The first time I [WOL] a solo, my stomach was in knots. I could barely breathe, and I wasn’t sure a sound would come out when I opened my mouth to sing. Despite my nerves, I was able to do it. My part certainly wasn’t perfect and may have been a little screechy, but I was proud of myself nonetheless.

Which word correctly fills in the blank?

performed
What overall effect does Bradstreet achieve in “To My Dear Loving Husband” through her use of hyperbole and metaphor?
She conveys the depth of her intense love.

Read the paragraph.

As I board the bus, I feel a sense of triumph. My team and I are on our way to play in the state championships. I think back to the beginning of the season. We lost our first three games. After the difficult start, no one thought we could come back and win the rest. We proved everyone wrong. We proved ourselves wrong! I find my seat next to my best friend and fellow fullback. We ______ out the window as the bus pulls away. We are off.

Which best fits in the blank?

gaze

Cory is writing a personal narrative about playing in the state soccer finals last year. She has listed the important parts of her story.

– Playing in the championship game
– Scoring two goals
– Getting injured at the end of the game
– Sitting on the sidelines during the fourth quarter
– Being frustrated because I wasn’t able to play
– Learning the importance of teamwork and trusting my team
– Wishing I could have been out there helping
– Healing and being able to play this year

Which part should Cory include in the introduction section of her outline as part of her thesis?

Learning the importance of teamwork and trusting my team

Read this excerpt from “The World on Turtle’s Back.”

These two brothers had creative powers, and with these powers they took clay and modeled it into animals. They used these animals to contend with one another. Each brother created a more powerful or more cunning animal than the next. They also created fruits, plants, and medicines for good and for evil. Finally, the right-handed twin made man. It is unknown whether or not the left-handed twin assisted in the creation of man. Man was the right-handed twin’s favorite creation.

How does this support the idea that “The World on Turtle’s Back” is a creation myth?

It explains the origin of people, animals, and plants.

Read the paragraph.

Mariska and Eddy stare at each other from across the podium. They are about to graduate high school. They have known each other for so long—since second grade—and they can communicate sentences in just one look. Mariska remembers when they first met. She was climbing on a jungle gym at the park and she falls. All the other kids laughed, but Eddy approached her and asked if she was okay. From that day on, they were best friends. From Eddy’s smile across the stage, she knew that he is thinking about the exact same thing.

Choose the best two words to replace the underlined words, in order.

fell, knows
Why is creating an outline an important step in writing a personal narrative?
It helps the writer determine the structure of the piece.

Read the introduction to Cole’s personal narrative, “Too Cool for School?”

On my first day at Crestwood High School, I was [WOL] that no one would like me. I had just moved to town, and it seemed to me that my classmates had known each other for years. I hated being the new kid. I walked down the hall with my head down and my shoulders hunched. I sat by myself at lunch, despite several invitations.

After about three weeks, things [WOL]. At lunch one day, a boy approached my table and sat down. He asked, “Why don’t you like us? Why don’t you want to hang out with us?” I couldn’t believe it! I had thought that they didn’t want to spend time with me.

The boy’s name was Craig, and he insisted that I come sit with him and his friends. I haven’t sat alone since, and now when I [WOL] down the hall, I keep my head up and I smile.

Which words correctly fill in the blanks?

convinced, changed, walk

Read the introduction to Maria’s personal narrative, “Teaching Saturday School.”

On Saturday mornings, I [WOL] Arabic to the children who attend my mosque. I wake up at eight o’clock and prepare my lesson as I eat breakfast. It’s hard work, but the look on my students’ faces when they [WOL] a new word is priceless.

Which words correctly fill in the blanks?

teach; understand

Read this excerpt from “The World on Turtle’s Back.”

The animals thought that perhaps there was dirt at the depths of the ocean, but they had never tried to reach the bottom before. One by one they tried to swim down, but their attempts were futile. Finally, the muskrat disappeared into the cold depth of the ocean. After a lengthy amount of time, he drifted to the surface with a tiny speck of earth in his hand. He appeared to be dead, but the animals prayed and chanted, and finally he stirred. The Earth-Diver was successful in bringing forth the soil to make the earth grow.

Based on this excerpt, which character trait was valued by the Iroquois?

courage

Read this excerpt from “The World on Turtle’s Back.”

When the girl awoke, she knew that she would bear twins. Even before they were born, there was contention between the twins. There was no peace between these two brothers. When it was time for them to be born, the right-handed twin wanted to be born in the normal way. The left-handed twin saw light in the other direction and was determined to be born through his mother’s mouth or nose. In his attempt to be born in the opposite direction, he killed his mother.

Based on this excerpt, it is reasonable to conclude that

the brothers were opposites and would always be in conflict.
Which statement best describes the thematic difference between “To My Dear Loving Husband” and “To the King’s Most Excellent Majesty”?
Bradstreet’s poem praises love between a husband and wife, while Wheatley’s poem praises love for a king.
Which element of Of Plymouth Plantation indicates that this is an excerpt from a larger work?
the title
The book Mourt’s Relation: A Journal of the Pilgrims at Plymouth most likely contains
firsthand accounts of the Pilgrims’ landing at Plymouth.

Read the paragraph.

The flowing skirts! The sharp jackets! The lacy details! As the play began, I felt so proud. My friend Johan and I ________ all the costumes for our school’s spring production. One day, I hoped to attend art school and work on musicals on Broadway. To see my creations worn in front of cheering New York City audiences was my dream! For tonight, though, the smiling faces in the North Shore High auditorium would certainly suffice!

Which best fits in the blank?

had designed
In “To My Dear Loving Husband,” the main reason Bradstreet uses inversion is to
complete the rhyme scheme.

Read the excerpt from “When I Heard the Learn’d Astronomer” by Walt Whitman.

Till rising and gliding out, I wander’d off by myself,

Why does Whitman use the words “rising and gliding” to describe the speaker’s exit from the classroom?

These words suggest that the speaker is happy to leave.
Given the theme of “When I Heard the Learn’d Astronomer,” why does the speaker call the astronomer “learn’d”?
The astronomer possesses knowledge that doesn’t interest the speaker.
What do the stars do for the speaker of “When I Heard the Learn’d Astronomer” that the lecture hall does not?
The stars offer first-hand knowledge.
Which best describes Bright Romanticism?
a post-Revolutionary War literary movement that focused on the beauty and optimism of the period

Read this excerpt from an Emily Dickinson poem.

Because I could not stop for Death –
He kindly stopped for me –
The Carriage held but just Ourselves –
And Immortality.

We slowly drove – He knew no haste
And I had put away
My labor and my leisure too,
For His Civility –

Based on the excerpt, Dickinson’s attitude toward death can best be described as

respectful acceptance

Read these lines from Walt Whitman’s “Song of Myself.”

I bequeath myself to the dirt to grow from the grass I love,
If you want me again look for me under your boot-soles.

What attitude toward the earth do these lines express?

The human body is made of material much like the earth.

Read the excerpt from “To the Fringed Gentian” by William Cullen Bryant.

I would that thus, when I shall see
The hour of death draw near to me,
Hope, blossoming within my heart,
May look to heaven as I depart.

This stanza reflects the attitude that

the spirit has greater strength than the body.

Read the stanza from “A Psalm of Life” by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow.

Life is real! Life is earnest!
And the grave is not its goal;
Dust thou art, to dust returnest,
Was not spoken of the soul.

How does this stanza express an optimistic view?

It suggests that life continues after death.
Why can “When I Heard the Learn’d Astronomer” be considered a product of its time?
It addresses the tension between rational thought and the natural world.
Which best describes the author’s purpose in “When I Heard the Learn’d Astronomer”?
The author intended for the reader to feel awed by the power of nature.
How do the themes of “A Psalm of Life” and “Auspex” differ?
While “Psalm” argues that the soul continues after death, “Auspex” indicates that time destroys the heart’s passions.
How do the authors of “A Psalm of Life” and “Auspex” use different images to illustrate their themes?
“Psalm” contains primarily images of battle and human interactions, while “Auspex” focuses on natural imagery.

Read the quotation from “A Psalm of Life.”

Let the dead past bury its dead!

What is the effect of the repetition of the word “dead” in this line?

It reinforces the idea that one should live in the present, not in the past.
Which best describes the tone shared by “A Psalm of Life” and “Auspex”?
serious
Which best describes the rhyme schemes in “A Psalm of Life” and “Auspex”?
The poems follow different rhyme schemes.

Read the first stanza of “Auspex.”

My heart, I cannot still it,
Nest that had song-birds in it;
And when the last shall go,
The dreary days to fill it,
Instead of lark or linnet,
Shall whirl dead leaves and snow.

The speaker compares his heart to an empty nest in order to

emphasize the fact that his love has left.
Which statement best describes the rhyme scheme in “A Psalm of Life”?
The poem adheres to a strict ABAB rhyme scheme throughout each stanza.

Read the lines from “A Psalm of Life.”

In the world’s broad field of battle,
In the bivouac of life,

What does the poet suggest about human life with the images in these lines?

Life is an eternal struggle.

Read the lines from “Auspex.”

Woe’s me, I shall be lonely
When I can feel no longer
The impatience of their wings!

Which best describes the effect of the expression “Woe’s me”?

It heightens the sense of loss in the poem.
What does each stanza in “Auspex” show?
the different stages of a natural process

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