Early China-Chapter 7

question

Name two rivers important to early Chines civilization
answer

Huang He and Chang Jiang
question

The flooding of the river of China helped farmers as it left behind
answer

rich topsoil
question

In these river valleys how much of its land could be farmed?
answer

1/10
question

What geographical features shaped China’s civilization?
answer

mountains, desert, and rivers
question

The kings of the Shang dynasty ruled from what capital city?
answer

Anyang
question

What was the role of the Shang warlords?
answer

govern the kingdom’s territories
question

List three crops grown by most Shang Chinese farmers?
answer

millet, wheat, rice
question

What did the people of the Shang dynasty worship?
answer

Gods and spirits
question

Who did the people of the Shang dynasty honor?
answer

ancestors or departed family
question

Like many other ancient languages early Chinese writing used
answer

pictographs and ideographs
question

Which of the two Chinese writings represents and idea?
answer

ideograph
question

In Chinese writing most writing represented
answer

whole words
question

Who was the Chinese aristocrat that overthrew the Shang dynasty and began a new dynasty called the Zhou?
answer

Wu Wang
question

Who did the Zhou kings entrust to rule?
answer

aristocrats
question

What two systems allowed farmers to grow more crops?
answer

irrigation and flood control
question

What ended the Zhou dynasty?
answer

their own states and rulers became powerful
question

Name three main social classes of early China?
answer

landowning aristocrats, peasant farmers and merchants
question

Why did the amount of land owned by each aristocrat decrease in time?
answer

they split it between sons
question

About how many Chinese were farmers?
answer

9 out of 10
question

Describe the concept of filial piety?
answer

family members
question

What were two primary responsibilities of women in Chinese society?
answer

keeping the household and raising children
question

What did Confucius believe would bring peace to Chinese society?
answer

treat others the way they would like to be treated
question

What particular teaching of Confucius caused him to be resisted by the aristocrats?
answer

all men with a talent for governing should take part in government
question

What Chinese philosophy was based on the teachings of Laozi?
answer

Daoism
question

What did the scholar Hanfeizi believe about human nature that was different from both Confucius and Laozi?
answer

that people are naturally evil
question

Why did Hanfeizi believe people needed laws and punishment?
answer

force them to do their duty
question

Why did aristocrats like the philosophy of Legalism?
answer

it favored force and power
question

What means \”the First Qin Emperor\”?
answer

Qin Shihuagdi
question

What did Qin Shihuangdi base his rule?
answer

Legalism
question

Why did Qin face little opposition during most of his reign?
answer

everyone who opposed him were punished or killed
question

Who were the Xiongnu and at what did the excel?
answer

masters at fighting on horseback
question

Why did Qin Shihuangdi have the Great Wall built?
answer

to keep the Xiongnu from attacking farms and villages
question

Why did the Qin dynasty fall?
answer

they thought he was a cruel leader
question

How did China’s empire increase in size during the Han dynasty?
answer

farmers were forced to sell land
question

Who were the first people to make paper?
answer

Chinese
question

Why were only expensive goods carried on the Silk Road?
answer

difficult, dangerous, and had to pay taxes to many kingdoms
question

What groups in China were the first to adopt Buddhism?
answer

merchants and scholars
question

How did Buddhism help people during the collapse of the Han government and the beginnings of the civil war?
answer

helped cope with stress and fear
question

What is a line of rulers that belongs to the same family?
answer

dynasty

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