Drivers ed (Module 1-10)

each year
any motor vehicle has to be inspected at least
– 60 days for the first suspension
– 6 months for the second
– 12 months for the third
If your driver license is suspended by the point system, it may be taken for:
5 years
A supervising driver must hold a valid driver’s license and must have had a license for at least
– sign test
– written test
– eye test
An applicant for a Level 1 Limited Learner’s Permit must pass which of following
loss of license for a year
The penalty for a Provisional License holder who is convicted of consuming or having consumed alcohol or drugs is
DMV
After successfully meeting all requirements, your North Carolina driver’s license will be issued to you by
safe roads
According to the ____ Act, you must submit to a chemical test for alcohol and other drugs if requested when driving on North Carolina’s public roadways or lose your license.
any amount
Under the Safe Roads Act, drivers less than 21 will lose driving their privilege for one year if they have _______ BAC.
30,000/60,000/25,000
The minimum amount of liability insurance required to satisfy the financial responsibility law in North Carolina is
– recorded on license
– discussed with family
Your decision to become an organ donor should be
12 months
Before graduating to Level Two, you must keep a Level One permit for at least
stop – remained stopped
A red light indicates
you should proceed with caution
A flashing amber light indicates
protected turn lane
A green arrow indicates
construction
Orange signs indicate
fluorescent optic yellow
School crossing signs are
pull over to allow a clear path for the emergency vehicle
When an emergency vehicle approaches you using it’s siren, you should
1.5 miles
It takes a train going 50 mph approximately ____ to stop safely.
500
Each year over ___ persons are killed in highway-rail crashes.
will appear slower than it is
A train’s speed
driver error
Most railroad crossing crashes are the result of
$250
The fine for speeding in a work zone may be up to
100
You must park at least ___ feet from a fire truck answering a call.
check tire tread depth with a penny
Which of the following is NOT a necessary step when approaching a vehicle?
just above the ears
The head restraint should be adjusted
Preventative maintenance
the routine care you give your vehicle
is outlined in the owner’s manual
includes checking fluids
weekly
Tire pressure should be checked
3000-5,000 miles
The oil should be changed every
10 inches
When seated properly, the driver should be at least ____ inches from the steering wheel.
– reduces excessive steering
– helps protect the driver from airbag injuries
– improves vehicle stability
Driving with the hands in the 8 o’clock and 4 o’clock position
across the hips
The lap belt should be adjusted to fit snugly
vehicles in the other lanes
The side view mirrors should be adjusted so that while driving the driver can see
true
When seated properly, the driver’s chin should be above the steering wheel.
False (downward)
The steering wheel should be adjusted upward.
true
When using the accelerator and brake pedal, the heel of the foot should remain on the floor.
true
The rearview mirror should be adjusted to frame the back windshield.
true
The driver should set accessories before putting the vehicle in drive.
true
The following is the correct procedure for securing a vehicle:(1)stop, (2)set parking brake, (3)place gear selector in park, (4)turn off accessories,(5)turn ignition off, lock ignition and remove key, (6)remove occupant restraints, (7)check traffic and exit vehicle, (8)secure doors
Cruise control
– allows a driver to select and travel at a set speed
– works at speeds above 25 mph
– should not be used on slippery surfaces
whiplash injuries
Head restraints are designed to help reduce
true
Pedal extensions are available to allow short drivers to maintain a safe distance from the steering wheel.
false
When backing, the driver should turn the steering wheel to the right in order to back to the left.
false
If the driver needs to adjust the defroster, he/she should place the steering hand at the top of the steering wheel temporarily.
true
When securing the vehicle, the parking brake should be set before placing the vehicle in Park.
true
Gears below drive, provide more engine power.
true
Position one on the ignition switch allows you to use accessories with the engine off.
false
All vehicles have adjustable head restraints.
false
The turn signal will always cancel after a turn.
true
When the daytime running lights are in use, the tail lights are not on.
true
Safety experts recommend the use of headlights whenever the vehicle is moving.
the vehicle is stationary
Ideal vehicle balance is reached when
Roll
Weight transfer from side to side is known as
– precise steering
– smooth acceleration
– controlled braking
Vehicle balance is maintained through
by extending the arm over the steering wheel until the top of the steering wheel is in line with the wrist joint
One method of determining correct distance from the steering wheel is
right
Steering input to the left will result in weight transfer
rear
Acceleration results in weight transfer
pitch
Weight transfer forward or backward is known as
forward
Braking results in weight transfer
threshold braking
Braking just short of lockup is known as
Push/Pull/Feed
The steering technique best suited for maintaining vehicle balance is
front
If understeer occurs, weight should be transferred to the
hand over hand
The steering technique best suited in limited space maneuvers is
prior to evasive steering
Controlled braking should be done
when backing
One hand steering is recommended
central
The vision used to judge depth and position is
the distance you can see ahead in the direction you are looking
Line of sight is
– a fixed object ahead
– located in the center of your path of travel
– 20 – 30 seconds ahead on an expressway
Your target is
closed area
If there is a restriction within your line of sight, it is known as
– glance frequently as far ahead as possible
– check your rearview mirrors
– check your sideview mirrors
When driving, you should
to judge your vehicle’s position
) because there are areas around the vehicle which cannot be seen from the driver’s seat
Reference points are necessary
– a vehicle passing should appear in the sideview mirror before it leaves the rearview mirror
– glare from the lights of a passing vehicle is reduced
– a vehicle will appear in the drivers peripheral vision before leaving the sideview mirror
With the BGE mirror setting,
through the front window (near the mirror)
If the front bumper is 3-6 inches from the curb line, the line of sight will extend from the driver
3-6 inches from the curb
When the pavement line or curb appears to run through the middle of the vehicle’s hood, the right side of the vehicle is
3
The lane position for a right turn is
true
Blind spots are areas you cannot see in either your mirrors or peripheral vision.
false (1 car length)
The pavement area in front of the vehicle which cannot be seen by the driver is about 3 car lengths.
true
Blindzones are greatly reduced by the use of contemporary (BGE) mirror settings.
true
In the contemporary (BGE) mirror setting, the sideview mirror is set to see the lane next to your vehicle.
true
To correctly adjust the sideview mirrors using the BGE setting, the driver will need to place his/her head against the side window.
false
The BGE mirror is always the best mirror setting.
false
Reference points are the same for all drivers.
– Keep your foot firmly on the brake
– Select proper gear
– Check traffic
– Use proper signals
The following procedures for preparing to move the vehicle should be performed in the following order:
true
When stopping on the right side of the road, you need to position your vehicle in lane position 3.
true
When coming to a stop, it is a good idea to tap your brakes before applying full pressure to let others know what your intentions are.
false
It is not necessary to stop when pulling out of a driveway if there is no traffic.
False
It is not necessary to signal if you are pulling to the curb to stop.
False ( you need to stop when the curb appears to intersect the center of the
vehicle hood.)
The reference point for stopping 6 inches from a curb is over the right headlight.
True
One hand steering is acceptable when backing the vehicle.
False
The pivot point for backing and turning is the door post.
False
To back to the right, the driver will need to steer left.
True
The accepted procedure for backing straight is to place the left hand on the steering wheel at the 12 o’clock position and look over the right shoulder.
True
When backing and turning, you should look in the direction you are turning.
Focal Vision
To read signs, you need good ____ .
Central Vision
The vision used to judge depth perception is
what you can see while looking ahead
Your field of vision is
peripheral
A driver uses his/her _____ vision to detect the motion from the sides.
peripheral
Which vision is first affected by fatigue, drugs and speed?
20 seconds
Your visual lead time should be
4 seconds
When traveling 50-55 mph, a _____ following interval is recommended.
3/4second
Average foot reaction time is
– the visual lead area
– line of sight
– path of travel
The visual search pattern includes
True
The distance needed for steering around an object is shorter than the distance needed to brake for the object.
False
As speed increases, more steering input is need for vehicle response.
True
If the line of sight and the path of travel are not the same, you should reduce your speed.
True
A driver should establish a visual search pattern to identify potential risk situations.
False
The average field of vision is 125 degrees.
– ahead
– behind
– to the sides
When driving, you should look
Evaluate
The decision-making process in driving is known as
Searching
Looking for potential hazards is known as
Executing
Steering around an object is an example of
Searching
Determining whether a pedestrian may step into your path of travel is an example of
Lan pos 2
Drivers preparing to turn left can help communicate this intention by using
Lan pos 1
Which lane position provides maximum space within the lane on each side of the vehicle:
intersections
Most crashes occur
behind the sidewalk
The vehicle should make its initial stop:
26
Experts believe it takes ____ positive performances to create a lasting habit.
True
Habit levels of performance mean that the tasks are done in a sequence without thinking about them.
True
Developing a procedure for driving tasks will help ensure performance at the habit level with acceptable performance.
False
Drivers who have developed basic maneuvering skills are usually considered good drivers.
True
Most crashes involving teen drivers result from improper search.
False
New drivers can usually develop good habits quickly.
50-60
In city traffic, a driver often makes ____ decisions per mile.
recognizing potential errors or limitations
Risk compensation involves
True
Risk is always present
True
Studies indicate that drivers who do not wear safety belts tend to take more risks while driving than drivers who do wear safety belts.
False
Young drivers do not need as much space around the vehicle as they have quicker reaction times.
True
Driving behavior is based on risk perception rather than actual risk.
True
Risk acceptance is a natural part of driving.
true
Two factors the driver cannot control in risk management are the roadway and environment.
True
Visibility, space and time are the driver’s best defenses against risk.
IDK
Drivers need a space management system because
search, evaluate, execute in time
SEEit stands for
to carry out your plan
In the SEEit system, execute means
space management system
SEEit is a
closed yellow zone
The RED vehicle (car A) in the middle lane has a closed
field of vision
The area around your vehicle that you can see while looking straight ahead is the
20-30
You should look ___ seconds ahead of your vehicle for an open path of travel.
4
You should signal at least ___ seconds before a turn.
3 feet from the curb
The proper position to begin a right turn is
push/pull slide (hand to hand)
The correct steering for turns is
at a target in your path of travel
While turning right, you should look
must yield to oncoming traffic
A vehicle turning left with a green light
to frame the entire rear window
Whether using the traditional or the contemporary mirror settings, the rear view mirror should be adjusted
– lean his/her head against the left-side window
– be able to see the lane beside the vehicle when sitting correctly to drive
– be able to see a little of the vehicle in side view mirror when the head is leaned against the left-side window
When setting the driver’s side view mirror using the contemporary (BGE) setting, the driver should
if the rear window view is blocked
Traditional mirror settings should be used
500
When choosing a spot for a turnabout, you should have at least ___ feet of visibility.
2 point turn
Backing into a driveway to turn around is known as a
3 point turn
In limited space with no driveways available, you may need to execute a
angle parking
This is a diagram of
the steering wheel is aligned with the first line of the space
When angle parking, the driver begins steering when
2-3 ft
When parallel parking, you should begin about ___ feet from the vehicle you want to park behind.
both a and b
When parallel parking to the right, steer hard right and move back until
turn your wheels away from the curb.
When parking uphill with a curb,
false
The safest way to change direction is a U turn.
true
It is better to back out of traffic than to back into traffic.
true
A no left turn sign also prohibits a U turn.
false
The difference between a two-point turn and a three point turn is that you must back up in a three-point turn.
closed zone
When an area around a vehicle is not available to the driver, it is called a
SEEit
The space management system we will use is the
– where to look
– what to look for
– how to evaluate what they see
To search effectively, drivers need to know
20
The driver should search at least ____ seconds ahead of the vehicle for an open path of travel.
6
In zone control driving, the driver monitors ____ zones around the vehicle.
4-8 seconds ahead of the vehicle
Your immediate path of travel should be
12-15 seconds ahead of the vehicle
Searching ___ seconds ahead of the vehicle allows time to determine an alternate path of travel.12-15 seconds ahead of the vehicle
2
A vehicle positioned 6 inches from the left line is in lane position
3
If the left front zone is closed and the right front zone is open, lane position ___ would be a wise choice.
Neither a or b
Staggered stop lines
true
Classifying traffic elements into four major groups helps organize a visual search pattern.
True
Vehicle position is one method of communicating with other highway users.
False
Braking distance and stopping distance are the same.
True
The eyes don’t tell the brain what they see – the brain tells the eyes what to look for.
false
A 2 second following distance usually allows enough time to brake to a stop.
closed zone
A red traffic light is an example of
– stop
– yield to pedestrians
– yield to traffic approaching from the left
Before turning right on red, the driver must
1/2 block
To cross a two lane roadway at 30 mph takes a gap of about
11 seconds
To safely turn right and merge into traffic moving 55 mph, you will need a gap equal to about
be able to see the rear tires of the vehicle ahead touching the pavement
When stopped in traffic behind another vehicle, the driver should
150
You should not drive more than ____ feet in a shared left turn lane.
accelerate
Once you have reached the apex of a curve, you should
true
Intersections are the highest risk areas you will encounter when driving.
true
Defensive drivers tap their brakes to warn traffic behind before stopping.
true
Never enter an intersection until you identify an open space for your vehicle on the other side of the intersection.
false
It is illegal to pull into a shared left turn lane and wait for traffic to clear when executing a left turn from a driveway.f
false
Lane position 2 is recommended when approaching the crest of a hill.
true
Excessive steering in a curve can result in either an understeer or oversteer skid.
you should not return to your lane until you can see the front of the vehicle being passed in your rear view mirror
When passing another vehicle on a two lane roadway
13 seconds
A vehicle traveling 40 mph will take about _______ to pass another vehicle traveling 30 mph.
60 feet per second
A vehicle traveling 40 mph, is going approximately
all of the above
In which of the following areas is it illegal to pass another vehicle?
2 seconds
To safely pass another vehicle, start from a position
true
When determining a safe passing area, you must take into account the closing rate of approaching vehicles.
True
Without headlights, an approaching vehicle may not become visible until it is within 2500 feet.
False
It is not necessary to signal before returning to your lane after passing another vehicle.
true
Passing on a multi-lane roadway is usually safer than on two lane roadways.
true
Passing is legal only when passing a vehicle traveling slower than the posted speed limit.
all of the above
Limited access highways
two or more
Expressways usually have how many lanes going in one direction
all answers are correct
The following is a characteristic of an expressway
higher injury severity rates
Expressways have
alert drivers who drift off the road
Rumble strips are installed on the edge of roads to
diamond
The interchange that allows a driver to reenter the expressway by moving across the intersection of the secondary road is
cloverleaf
The interchange that allows two expressways to cross with minimal disruption is
55
What is the maximum speed limit on rural expressways in North Carolina?
diamond
HOV lanes are marked with
no cars are prohibited in that lane
A red X over a lane means
False
An interstate route with even numbers travels north/south.
True
An alternate route that travels around the city begins with an even number.
True
The solid yellow line on any roadway should be on the driver’s left.
true
Interchanges take the place of intersections on expressways.
True
Expressways are designed for low-risk high speed driving.
false
Expressways are designed so that traffic that is entering or exiting has separate lanes from faster moving traffic.
True
Many signs on the expressway are designed to break away when hit by a vehicle.
False
Non-motorized vehicles are allowed on expressways.
At the same speed as traffic already on the expressway
Ideally, a motorist should try to enter an expressway
continue on in that direction until he/she comes to the next exit
If a driver mistakenly enters the wrong entrance ramp and is headed in the wrong destination(i.e., going east when he/she wanted to go west), he/she should
read ramp signs, search ahead and behind for gaps in traffic, signal, adjust speed, merge and blend with traffic
The correct procedure for entering an expressway is
not accelerating enough
The most dangerous mistake to make when entering an expressway is
3-4 seconds
At expressway speeds, you should maintain a following distance of at least
all answers are correct
You should increase your following distance on an expressway
check traffic ahead, behind and beside you, signal, select gap, check blind spots, adjust speed, steer smoothly into lane, cancel signal
The correct procedure for changing lanes is
all answers are correct
When exiting an expressway, it is important to
weave lane
A lane in which vehicles exit and enter an expressway is called a(n)
true
Driving with the flow of traffic is the best way to maintain a space cushion around your vehicle.
false
On expressways the far right lane should be used by faster moving traffic.
true
Peripheral vision is affected by the speed of the vehicle.
true
The best way to be prepared for a blocked lane is to allow for an escape route to one side of your vehicle.
false
When being passed on an expressway, a driver should be careful not to decrease his/her speed.
true
Passing on an expressway includes special challenges for the novice driver including higher speeds, passing on right and left, and vehicles and drivers on both sides moving into the same lane.
back-up
The following should NOT be done on an expressway
highway hypnosis
A dulled, drowsy, trance-like condition while driving is known as
– sleepy
– being tailgated
– following an SUV
You should increase your following distance when you are
traffic may slow without warning
The following may be true of driving on expressways through large cities
continue on to the next exit and turn around
If you miss an exit, you should
false
It is usually OK to make a U-turn on expressways.
false
Driving in groups of vehicles or packs is a good idea, because there is “safety in numbers”.
true
Increase your following distance when driving in bad weather.
false
Drive in the right lane on expressways to avoid conflicts with other vehicles merging onto the roadway.
true
AAA is a good source of travel information.
true
Construction zones usually have slower speed limits even on expressways.
false
It is often necessary to make quick lane changes on the expressway in order to exit.
10
Between 10 p.m. and 2 a.m., one out of every ___ drivers is intoxicated.
33,000
In 1999, approximately _____ persons were arrested for DWI.
social drinkers
Most persons arrested for DWI are
– Drinking alcohol and driving
– Using prescription drugs and driving
– Using illegal drugs and driving
DWI refers to
23
DWI-related crashes occur approximately every ___ minutes.
criminal offense
Driving under the influence is a
BAC of .05
Driving ability is affected by
39
In 2000, ___ percent of drivers between 15-20 years old who were killed in crashes were intoxicated.
all states
Zero tolerance is the law in
– peer pressure
– to have a good time
– parents drink
Reasons teen give for drinking alcohol include
Blood Alcohol Concentration
BAC is
exercise
Which of the following will not affect BAC?
limited production of an enzyme alcohol dehydrogenase
Women do not process alcohol as well as men because
– coating the lining of the stomach
Food may reduce the effects of alcohol on the body by
40% alcohol
An alcoholic beverage which is 80 proof is
under the complied consent law
When you operate a motor vehicle on North Carolina’s roadways, you have agreed to take a chemical test for alcohol if suspected of drinking and driving
under the use and lose law.
Drivers less than 21 with a BAC of .02 or above may lose their license
2 weeks
If your BAC is .08 or more, your license will be automatically suspended for
– aptitude
– judgment
– coordination
One of the first things affected by alcohol is
liver
The body rids itself of most of the alcohol consumed through
2 hours
It would take someone with a BAC of .045 approximately _____ to eliminate all the alcohol from the body.
a depressant
Alcohol is
need to consume more of a drug to reach a given effect
Tolerance is defined as
both A & B
When attempting to compare alcohol beverages (beer, wine, whiskey), you must know the
true
Drinking and driving is illegal at any age.
False
Alcohol must be digested before entering the blood stream.
false
Exercise helps speed up oxidation of alcohol.
true
Long term use of alcohol can lead to cirrhosis of the liver.
true
Alcohol, when consumed, controls you.
true
Time is the only effective way to lower the BAC.
– judgment
– vision
– ability to predict and decide
BAC levels as low as .03 have been show to affect
40
A teenage driver with a BAC of .08 -.09 is ___ times more likely to be involved in a fatal crash than a sober teenage driver.
any substance that changes the way the body or the way the brain works
A drug is defined as
– illegal drugs
– prescription drugs
– over the counter drugs
Which of the following can affect driving ability?
check with the doctor or pharmacist for side effects
When taking prescription drugs,
marijuana
The second drug most often found in drivers involved in crashes is
tranqulizers
The effects of alcohol on the body are similar to the effects of
greater than the effect of the alcohol + the effect of the drug
When alcohol and other depressant drugs are mixed, the effect will be
true
As a person’s BAC goes up, his/her field of vision is reduced.
false
Most medications for colds or allergies will not affect driving ability.
true
You can be charged with DWI when under the influence of prescription or over the counter drugs.
false
If you feel fatigued while driving, the use of a stimulant is recommended to increase your alertness.
true
The use of marijuana often affects the driver’s ability to keep the vehicle in the lane.
false
Most marijuana joints contain about the same amount of the drug TLC.
true
When driving, risk is always present.
the body’s natural “down time”
Circadian rhythm fatigue is a result of
rest
The best remedy for driving fatigue is
18-26 year old males
The most common group of drivers who commit road rage is
traffic congestion
The trigger for aggressive driving is most often
use your horn to alert him/her of your presence
Which of the following is NOT a good method of handling an aggressive driver?
false
Young people do not need to concern themselves with fatigue and driving as their energy level is higher than older people.
true
You can get a ticket in North Carolina for aggressive driving.
false
If you see others making driving errors, you should point out the mistakes to them.
true
There are fewer occurrences of aggressive driving on secondary roadways.
false
Aggressive driving and road rage are the same thing.
you should not drive at night
If you suffer from night blindness
90
Approximately ____ % of our driving clues depend on vision.
– reduce speed
– look to the right
– glance briefly ahead
If a driver is blinded by the lights of an oncoming vehicle, he/she should
clean your windshield
One method for reducing glare at night is
you cannot stop in the distance illuminated by your headlights
Overdriving your headlights means
45
When driving at night with low beam headlights, the maximum safe speed is
low beam lights
In fog, you should use
when the rain first begins
A wet roadway is most slippery
hydroplanning
– is caused by a buildup of water between the tires and road surface
– results in loss of steering
– results in loss of braking
true
North Carolina law requires the use of headlights whenever the windshield wipers are in use.
true
Dirty headlights can reduce visibility up to 90%.
false
The use of cruise control can help control a vehicle in snow.
true
Bridges freeze before road surfaces.
true
The use of the air conditioner will help defog interior windows.
1/2
Nearly ____ of all flash flood fatalities are vehicle related.
a film of water builds up between the road surface and the vehicles tires
Hydroplanning occurs when
– the roadbed may be washed away
– your vehicle may stall
A danger of driving through deep water is
brake gently using your left foot while accelerating with your right foot
To dry wet brakes, you should
50/50
The recommended antifreeze/water mixture is
– can reduce visibility to ½ mile or less
– strike with little warning
– often damage oil and air filters
Dust or sand storms
these surfaces freeze before other road surfaces
Bridges and overpasses can be even more hazardous during cold weather because
look and steer in the direction you want to go
If you begin to slide on a slick surface,
high winds
Buffeting results from
accelerate
When driving into a headwind, you may need to
true
Two feet of water will carry away most vehicles.
False
Removing the radiator cap is advisable as it will help release steam and cool an overheated engine quicker.
true
Kitty litter can help the tires gain traction on slick surfaces.
true
As more streets and parking lots are built, flooding problems will increase.
false
When driving through water, stay close to the shoulder
true
A driver can lose control of a vehicle in 6 inches of water.
true
Tire pressure increases as the tires get hot.
true
Before starting a vehicle in snow, check to be sure the exhaust system is clear.
alert inattentive drivers
Rumble strips
make impact with signs less forceful
Breakaway posts
reduce headline collisions
Median barriers
reduce hazard of guardrail ends
Extruder terminals
liquid or sand filled drum
Crash attenuators
used to warn drivers of dangers ahead
Message signs
allows driver to steer while braking
ABS
activates brake sensors, which don’t allow the wheels to spin
Traction Control
adjusts vehicle balance
Suspension Control
activates when vehicle is not going in the direction it is being steered
ESP
motion based sensory input
A driver’s first indication of traction loss comes from
– surface materials
– surface conditions
– weather conditions
Which of the following will affect traction?
to the rear
Sudden acceleration causes vehicle weight transfer
weight transfer to the left
Suddenly steering to the right will result in
loss of front traction
Understeer results from
– look where he/she wants the vehicle to go
– steer in the intended path of travel
In skid control, it is critical that the driver
the driver should brake
In rear wheel loss of traction,
true
A good technique to minimize understeer is to slow down before entering a curve or turn.
true
In vehicles without ABS, a quick jab of the brakes may help control front wheel traction loss.
true
Slight acceleration is helpful in an oversteer situation.
false
Understeering results from too little steering by the driver.
false
Oversteering results in a front wheel skid.
motion based sensory imput
A driver’s first indication of traction loss comes from
– surface materials
– surface conditions
– weather conditions
Which of the following will affect traction?
to the rear
Sudden acceleration causes vehicle weight transfer
weight transfer to left
Suddenly steering to the right will result in
– loss of rear traction
– loss of front traction
– quick acceleration
Understeer results from
– look where he/she wants the vehicle to go
– steer in the intended path of travel
In skid control, it is critical that the driver
the driver should brake
In rear wheel loss of traction,
true
A good technique to minimize understeer is to slow down before entering a curve or turn.
true
In vehicles without ABS, a quick jab of the brakes may help control front wheel traction loss.
true
Slight acceleration is helpful in an oversteer situation.
false
Understeering results from too little steering by the driver.
false
Oversteering results in a front wheel skid.
the coolant in the engine is too hot
The temperature light will come on in your vehicle when
– your electrical system is in trouble
– your battery has a low charge
– turn off as many electrical devices as possible
When the alternator light comes on
it means your ABS system is working
If your anti-lock braking system light comes on briefly when you start the car,
the wheel will wobble and you will feel a slight pull in the direction of the blowout
If a rear tire blows out
lift foot off accelerator and brake gently only if necessary
If you experience a blowout, you should
shift to neutral
If, while driving, the accelerator pedal gets stuck and the engine is racing
– it will become flooded
– there may be a strong odor of gasoline
– the engine may not start
If too much fuel and not enough air reaches the engine,
– pump the brakes
– shift to a lower gear
– use the parking brake to gradually slow the vehicle down
If you experience brake failure, you should
shift to a lower gear
If you experience power steering failure, you should
battery, starter and alternator
The major components of the electrical system are
true
It is not good for the steering system to be turned beyond its maximum range.
false
Springs and shock absorbers are part of the steering system.
true
Uneven tire wear may indicate problems with the suspension system.
true
Underinflated tires may lead to blowouts.
false
Most new vehicles have carburetors.
false
The anti-lock brake system engages every time the driver applies the brakes.
true
A grinding noise when ABS is activated is normal.
true
ABS detects impending wheel lock-up and thus allows the tires to keep rolling.
false
When ABS activates, you should pump the brakes to keep it working.
true
If your wheels are sliding, you will not be able to steer the vehicle.
false
ABS was first developed for boats.
false
If you feel the brake pulsating when ABS is working, you should immediately take your vehicle to a service center.
true
If your ABS is not working correctly, a warning light will come on.
true
Stopping distance may be longer on some surfaces when using ABS.
true
ABS allows you to steer while applying maximum braking pressure.
reduce speed and pass when it is safe
When encountering a bicyclist on a roadway,
be at least 16 years old
Moped drivers must
– areas around a truck that the truck driver cannot see
– areas where vehicles should not “hang out”
“No Zone” areas are
inattention
Most railroad fatalities are caused by
25
Vehicles should display a slow moving vehicle sign when traveling at speeds less than
false
Bicycles are not treated as vehicles in North Carolina.
true
When following a truck, you should stay far enough behind the vehicle to see the side mirrors.
false
Bicyclists are required by law to stay in the right lane at all times.
false
If you have a driver’s license, you can legally operate a motorcycle.
true
North Carolina does not require a driver’s license to operate farm machinery.
liability insurance
Insurance that pays for the costs of a crash that you caused is called
liability insurance
The financial responsibility law requires you to have
collision insurance
The type of insurance which pays for the replacement or repair of YOUR vehicle following a crash in which you are at fault is
you must pay the first $100 towards repairs to your vehicle
A $100 deductible means
comprehensive insurance
A vehicle that catches on fire is covered by
– age of driver
– driving record
– type of vehicle
Which of the following affects your insurance rates?
– good grades
– if you drive less than 7500 miles per year
Which of the following may reduce your insurance premium?
must give you 10 days notice and then may cancel your policy
If you fail to pay your automobile insurance premium on time, the insurance company
true
It is always a good idea to call the police if you are involved in a crash.
true
When involved in a crash, you should to get names, addresses, registration numbers and insurance information from everyone involved in the collision.
true
It is unlawful for an insurance company to raise your premiums if you are involved in a collision that was not your fault.
true
If your vehicle is stolen, comprehensive insurance will pay for you to replace it with a comparable vehicle.
false
Most young drivers buy new cars.
true
Whether buying from a used car dealer or private owner, you should always inspect the vehicle thoroughly.
false
A fresh coat of paint on a used vehicle indicates that the vehicle is in good condition.
false
When buying a new car, you always have to pay the sticker price.
false
The invoice price of a new car is the cost of the car without options.
false
The Monroney Sticker Price shows the base price, manufacturer’s installed options, transportation charges and fuel economy.
false
When buying a new vehicle, you will probably get more money for your old vehicle if you trade it in rather than selling it yourself.
false
When buying a new vehicle, you must finance it through the dealer.
true
Green fluid coming from under the vehicle is most likely an antifreeze leak.
true
Buying a used car involves more risks than buying a new car.
several states within geographical areas that are joined to one another such as southeast, northeast, central, northwest and southwest regions.
A regional map will display
explains what the symbols and markings mean
A legend on a map
– classify the roads
– identify rest areas
– tell which roads have a toll
Most maps
2-3 hours
When driving on a long trip, you should take breaks every
approximately $30
If you are planning on driving 500 miles, your vehicle gets 25 mpg and gas cost $1.50 per gallon, how much should you budget for fuel?
2 weeks
When planning a trip, you should have your vehicle serviced about ___ ahead of time.
a shield
The symbol on the map for an expressway is
8
If you are driving alone, you should plan to drive no more than ___ hours per day.
false
Since most traffic fatalities occur between 5 am and 8 am, try to avoid driving during these times.
true
Car top carriers raise a vehicle’s center of gravity.
true
When traveling on interstate highways, you can expect to travel about 100-110 miles every 2 hours.
false
Your circadian rhythm down time is usually between 10 am and 12 am.
true
A vehicle traveling 55 mph on the highway will get about 21% more miles per gallon than a vehicle traveling 70 mph.
taking it to a service station
It is OK to dispose of brake fluid by
batteries
Items that need special disposal are
31%
Passenger vehicles consume about _____ percent of all petroleum used in the U.S.
true
Quick acceleration can increase fuel consumption by 2 miles per gallon.
true
Properly inflated tires help increase gas mileage.
true
Antifreeze is a toxic chemical.
false
Since tires are biodegradable, they can be disposed of at a landfill.
true
Battery powered vehicles produce less pollution than gas-powered vehicles.
false
Before taking different vehicle fluids to be recycled, it is a good idea to put them all in one container to save space.
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