Different Medias

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Do colored pencils of various brands have the same handling qualities?
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No, different brands have different qualities
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Are colored pencils sold individually, in sets, or both?
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Both, you can buy up to 600 in a set without duplicates
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Do the colors available differ between brands?
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Yes
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Prior to buying a large boxed set of color pencils, what should one do?
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Keep in mind the versatility of the pallete
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What significantly affects the application of colored pencils?
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The surface finish of the paper
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From your experience, do you prefer a paper with a rough tooth or a smooth finish?
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Inbetween
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Which type of paper requires the artist to think more about how the marks are made for texture?
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Rough tooth paper
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Which typer of paper is good for practicing your skills in colored pencils?
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Smooth finish
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Where should one go in this area to check out specialty papers?
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Hobby Lobby, Little Rock
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What are the four types of colored pencils?
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Chalk, Wax, Water-Soluble, & Hard
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Which pencil has a velvety finish and is good for blending?
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Chalk/pastel pencils
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Which pencils can have the soft or hard grades that are good for line work?
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Wax pencils
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Which pencils can be used wet or dry?
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Water-Soluble Pencils
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Which type of colored pencils are used for impressing and intricate detail?
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Hard pencils
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Which drawing on page 31 has less color mixing?
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Top left picture
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What effect does surface mixing have on the intensity of colors? Which type do you prefer?
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Surface mixing can reduce the intensity of the color. I prefer less color mixing for bold colors.
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What type of medium is color pencil?
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Line medium
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What are the two traditional ways to build up color or tone in color pencil?
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Hatching and cross-hatching
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Explain hatching
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Lines going in the same direction that do not overlap. The closer the lines the darker the value, the farther apart the lines the lighter the value
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How is a combination of black line on white paper read in the distance?
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grey
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How would one change the hatching to produce a lighter or darker value of one color?
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Spacing
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Explain cross-hatching
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lines that intersect. the closer the lines the darker the value, the farther apart the line the lighter the value
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What type texture emerges from cross hatching?
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mesh-like or \”basketwork\”
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What is an artists tip for fine detail and overlays of colored pencils?
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keep pencils well sharpened
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How does one achieve broad effects and thick lines?
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Blunt pencils (rub over scratch paper)
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What is \”free-hatching\”?
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free scribble motion in any direction
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What effect did Chamberlain achieve with lines on page 33?
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Linear techniques of hatching and cross-hatching
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What are two types of blending?
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Layered effect or optical mixture
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What is sometimes used to obtain a more fluid painterly effect with colored pencils?
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Solvent
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With waxy pencils, what direction does one use for blending one color over another?
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Same direction, keep strokes even
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Are third colors mixable form two colored pencils?
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Yes, overlay colors/ blend colors
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In which direction does each color go when cross-hatching? The same or different?
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Different direction for each color
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How are chalky colors blended?
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Rubbing with a paper stump
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What is the purpose of paper stumps with chalky color pencils?
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Spread the color and press it into the paper again
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How are pastels made?
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By mixing together with an inert extender (ex: French Chalk)
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What is considered a weak binder?
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gum tragacanth (in a shrub from the middle east)
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What is added to pastels to make tints?
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Various amounts of titanium white or zinc white (more white=lighter tint)
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Which type of pastels is used first in a drawing to establish broad areas of color?
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Hard pastels
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With which type of stroke and pressure is the above pastel used?
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Side for broad areas, lightly
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Which is the most commonly used type of pastel?
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Hard pastels
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What is the size and shape of most soft pastels?
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Round and about 2-3 inches long
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Why is paper around soft pastel?
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To help keep them together/ keep from crumbling
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What is the shape of most hard pastels?
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Square-sectioned, not wrapped in paper
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What accounts for the hardness?
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More binder
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What are the two best purposes of hard pastels?
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Linear work and broad areas
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What is one advantage of a hard pastel?
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Covers large areas, and you can sharpen them with a knife
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What special type of sets of pastels are available?
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12,18,,24,36,48,120,340,600
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What is the largest number of soft pastel colors available in a set and what is the cost?
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Set of 600 and about $1000
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What is unique about pastels?
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Inspirational in the box, use techniques from drawing and painting
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What size works can be done is pastel?
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Large-scale painterly works to highly detailed drawings
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With which other media do pastels work?
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Watercolor, acrylic and charcoal
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How should completed pastel drawings be stored/handled?
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Fixative, acid free tissue paper. Double mat pastel and make sure it never comes in contact with glass.
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What determines how much pastel is deposited on the paper in broad strokes?
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Pressure
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What is another way that pastels can be used on their sides?
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Glaze over another color
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What does your texts author believe about layering colors with hatching or cross-hatching?
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Keep paper open, let hatching/cross-hatching show through
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What items can be used to blend pastels?
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Brush, finger, stump, rag, swab
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Why is finger blending used so much?
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the grease pushes the colors together
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When do you blend colors; before or after you mix them?
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Before
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Is fixing pastels done primarily at the end of a work?
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Yes, or workable fixative
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What happens when you fix pastels?Is this a good or bad thing?
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There is a shift in color, pushes color into the paper and darkens pastel. You can mess it up. (Do several light layers to not mess it up)
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Which medium most resembles a child’s wax crayons?
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Oil pastels
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What is better about this media than crayon?
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More sophisticated and flexible
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What is an advantage over soft pastel?
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No fixative needed, it does not crumble
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What is a disadvantage over pastels?
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You need solvent to blend
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What is an advantage and a disadvantage of paint sticks over pastel sticks?
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Broad work and thinker than pastel sticks, no fine detail
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How are oil pastels made?
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Mixing pigments with oil soluble wax
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Why is paper placed over oil pastels?
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Keeps hands clean because the warmth of your hand melts the pastel
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What ranges of transparencies may oil pastels be?
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Opaque or semi-transparent, and translucent
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What cause the differences in cost in paint sticks which are the same size but different colors?
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Some pigments are more expensive
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What are the categories for paint sticks?
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Small, medium, large
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Which color is more opaque?
answer

Red
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Which color is more semi transparent?
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Blue
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Which color is more transparent?
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Ocher
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Which manufacturer was the first to make paint sticks and called them \”oil bars\”?
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Sennelier
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What happens to paint sticks even if they are stored in the box? Then what?
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They develop a film and you have to scrape it off before you can use it
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What type approach does oil pastels and paint sticks encourage?
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Bold direct approach
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What scale is best used for oil pastels?
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Not small
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How are paint sticks and oil pastels unlike oil paints?
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Use on un-primed surface
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What type papers may be used for paint sticks and oil pastels?
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Heavier and thicker, pastel, watercolor, mat-board
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What type marks may be made with paint sticks and oil pastels?
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Linear, broad on side
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What happens if you do use oil paint varnish over paint sticks and oil pastels?
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It will disappear and dissolve
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Which item may help with blending paint sticks and oil pastels?
answer

Blending sticks
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Which type solvent used for oil paints may also be used with paint sticks and oil pastels?
answer

Turpentine
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What does it do to the color?
answer

Melts is and spreads it
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Why might turpentine be used to wet a drawing paper?
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It blends better (make sure to have good ventilation)
question

How can paint sticks be blended without a solvent?
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Stiff brush, plastic bristle brush
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Scraffito is an Italian term for what?
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Scratch through one layer of oil pastel to show the layer underneath
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What has a strong influence on the finish effect of a drawing?
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Surface of paper
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Which type of surface does the most common or cartridge type paper have?
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Smooth surface
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Which type surface do some artists prefer to work?
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Heavily texture
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What medium do you have to use on textured paper?
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Pastel
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What is a must for location work?
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Support
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For indoor work, which type of paper, sheets or sketchbook, is better?
answer

Sheets of paper
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Why is colored paper often chosen for a particular work?
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Influence overall warmth/coolness
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Which brands of paper have long been recognized in the field?
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Engreys, canson, mi-tenet,shminx,sandfix, frisk
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Which paper do you think would require more pastel, velour finish or sandpaper?
answer

Sandpaper eats pastels
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Why is some watercolor paper not suitable for pencils or pastels?
answer

Resistant to colored pencils
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Personally, do you like the mechanical finish of Mi-Tientes pastel paper?
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For layering the texture doesn’t show through
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Why are colored grounds used?
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To give more effect
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Why choose a blue or green color paper for a landscape?
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Overall tone comes through
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What impact do brightly colored papers make?
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Strong, intensify the hue
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How does one \”stretch\” a thin paper? Why?
answer

Tape it down and wet it so it wont wrinkle
question

Where is the closest place to purchase small amounts of gummed tape?
answer

Secretary
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What is suggested to help you make a better decision of which color background paper to use?
answer

Making tints charts
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On which color paper are light colors more vibrant?
answer

Dark color paper and the color on top will pop
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On which color background do the greens appear more vibrant?
answer

Orange, the green will pop

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