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Death&Dying Exam #3

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Worst fears of our age
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Cancer symbolizes the:
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Magical thinking
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Which of the following terms best describes the process of a person who questions, “Am I responsible for bringing this illness on myself?”
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A psychotherapy that helps patients live fully and meaningfully
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What is ikigai ryoho
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Patients with severe pain often obtain euphoric sensations from drugs
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Which of the following statements regarding pain is NOT true?
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Belief that pain is real
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According to Yvette Colon orbthe American Pain Foundation what is a critical first step in assessing and managing pain?
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1 3 4
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Which of the following are spiritual needs of dying patients?
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A patient dies from a progressive chronic illness
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Which of the following BEST describes a lingering dying trajectory?
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Stay close and do nothing
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Often the only task that matters in being with someone who is dying is to:
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The death of the body is a physical phenomenon whereas the passing of the person is nonphysical
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What did Eric Cassell write about the social role of dying patients?
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Can be useful short-term strategy for coping with a painful situation
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Mutual pretense, as a way of coping with painful circumstances such as terminal illness:
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Death is acknowledged and discussed
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Which of the following statements is an exqmple of the open awareness?
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Surgery
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What is the oldest and most common form of cancer therapy?
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False
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T/F. In her essay title “The Eyes of a Dying Man” Rando suggests that being with a dying person at the moment of death is transformative
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True
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T/F. The most iseful agents for the treatment of pain associated with advanced disease are opioid analgesics
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Symbolic healing
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Therapies that evoke symbolic meaning that are significant to the patient in achieving their anticipated effects
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Visualization
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A mind body intervention in which a patient employs imagery
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Unorthodox treatment
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In contrast to adjunctive and complementary therapies, methods of treatment that the medical establishment considers unproved or harmful
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Trajectory of dying
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The duration and projection of a disease or injuy toward death
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Objects of hope
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A focus of hopefullness that changes over time during the course of a terminal illness
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Mutual pretense
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An awareness context in which individuals know that a patients condition or prognosis is likely to be terminal but everyone avoids communication of this
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Coping strategies
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As contrasted with defense mechanisms it involves concious purposeful efforts intentionally diedted toward solving a problem
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Acute pain
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A biological signal of the potential for or extent of injury that can serve as a protective mechanism
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Coping potency
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The capacity to maintain a sense of self worth, set goals, and strive to meey them
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Defense mechanisms
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As contrasted with coping strategies, these mechanisms occur unintentionally and without concious effort or awareness
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Closed awareness
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An awareness context in which a person with a terminal prognosis is not aware of hos or her impending death. No communication
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False
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T/F. Funerals have attracted criticism only recently
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False
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T/F. Cameras are illegal in the US mortuaries or chapels
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False
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T/F. Funerals costs are the same among regions of the country and between rural and metripolitan areas.
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True
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T/F. “Spontaneous Shrines” may be seen on walls, roadsides, and via the internet
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True
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T/F. An intake fee is the charge for transporting the corpse from place of death to the mortuary
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True
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T/F. Wal-Mart sells caskets and urns on its website
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True
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T/F. The Parsi community in India disposes of the dead by allowing corpses to be consumed by birds of prey
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False
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T/F. Embalming is a uniform practice required by FTC Law across the US
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False
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T/F. The term “burial” simply involves digging a grave
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False
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T/F. Cremated remains must be placed in an urn if kept by the family
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False
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T/F. If funds are not available from private sources to pay for burial the local Red Cross or Salvation Army picks up the cost
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False
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T/F. Burial vaults or grave liners are required by state law in all American cemetaries
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Provide economic and simple after-death arrangements to members
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Funeral and memorial societies are organizations which were formed to:
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India and Japan
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In which of the following countries is cremation the most common method of body disposal?
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A granular state like coarse coral sand
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The “ASHES” left from the cremation process are
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Having a space burial on a rocket
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Which of the following is considered a new direction in funerals and body disposition?
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The body is not present, so the fact of death is not fixed in the minds of the mourners
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There are those who believe that substituting memorial service for a traditional funeral is lacking in which of the following respects?
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Freezing
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Cryonics or cryogenic suepension is a method of:
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Focused on the welfare of survivors
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Funerals in the US are mainly
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Early trade publications to help facilitqte communicqtion among funral directors
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What were “The Casket and Sunnyside”?
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The “second line” march (or jazz funeral) of New Orleans brass bands
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What has been called a “celebration of the soul’s enterance into heaven”?
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A body destined for burial may or may not be embalmed
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Which of the statements about embalming is true?
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itemized pricing
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A requirement of the FTC Funeral rule, funeral business must provide itemized information on a general price list to allow customers to compare prices
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cryomation
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A process of body disposition that involves immersing the corpse into a liquid nitrogen bath, freezing
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columarium
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A structure with a series of vaults or niches for urns
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green burial
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Body disposal in a natural setting with no embalming and no casket
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funeral rule
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the trade regulation rule on funeral industry practices
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body disposition
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Disposal of a corpse, which occurs primarily for sanitary resons
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necropolis
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city of the dead
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funeral
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“An organized, purposeful, time-limited group-centered response to death”
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spontaneous shrines
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Sites for concourse between the living and the dead whereby mourners make pilgrimages to place their tributes to the dead.
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visitation
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A modern version of the wake in which time is set aside for service, providing opportunities for social support and interaction
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cryonics
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The practice of subjecting a corpse or body part (typically the head) to extremely cold temperature with the aim of suspending biological activity
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funerary artifacts
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Manufactured objects, personal effects, and other grave goods associated with intentional burial
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immediate burial
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A method of body disposition in which the corpse is taken immediately for burial
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crypt
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Historically, an underground burial vault or chamber
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Attachment theory
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The belief that psychological maturing is dependent on a succession of attachments. When a person recognizes that an object (someone loved) to which he or she is attached no longer exists, grief arises, along with a defensive psychological demand to withdraw libido (energy) from the object
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Bereavement burnout
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A state associated with the experience of multiple losses in which a bereaved individual is overwhelmed by loss such that he or she become emotionally numb and disoriented, obstructing or impairing the normal expression of grief.
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Bereavement exclusion
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A provision in the DSM-IV that a diagnosis of depression or adjustment disorder not be made in the aftermath of a significant loss.
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Broken heart phenomenon
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The idea that severe or unresolved mental stress related to grief can disrupt the normal rhythm of the heart and cause irregularities and even cardiac arres
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Death competence
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Refers to a counselor’s or therapist’s specialized skill in managing clients problems related to dying, death, and bereavement
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Dual-process model of grief
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A framework for understanding grief as consisting of both loss-oriented and restoration-oriented coping behaviors, which are expressed by the bereaved in varying degrees at different times
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Grief work
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based on attachment theory, the idea that bereaved individuals must actively confront a loss and work to detach previously invested (ego) energy from the deceased (object), so it can be reinvested in new relationships
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Inner representation
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A set of memories and other mental or emotional images that allow a bereaved person to maintain a sense of continuing interaction with a deceased loved one
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Loss-oriented coping
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An aspect of the dual-process model of grief that involves behaviors such as yearning for the deceased, looking at old photographs, and crying.
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Mourning
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The process by which a bereaved person integrates a loss into his or her ongoing life, as influenced by social and cultural norms for expressing grief
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J. William Worden’s tasks of mourning
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The concept of adjusting to a world without the deceased is associated with
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Complicated grief
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According to Neimeyer, Prigerson, and Davies, What is the “inability to reconstruct a meaningful personal reality” after loss?
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Broken heart
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Which term best describes the phenomena of death as a consequence of the stress of bereavement?
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via feelings and emotions
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In the intuitive (system) pattern of grieving, individuals experience and express grief?
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Terminal illness of an elderly man
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Of the following modes of death, which is most likely to be characterized as a low-grief death?
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Consequence of lacking social support or acknowledgement of loss.
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Disenfranchised grief can be describe as a
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issues or “business” that goes on after a death.
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Unfinished business is best described as
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plans and dreams that the bereaved had shared with the deceased
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Unfinished business is a term that relate to the
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False
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T/F. As time passes, bereaved individuals rarely experience changes in their perspective on themselves and on the relational bond to the deceased.
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False
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T/F. The inclusion of bereavement as a diagnosis in the DSM-5 was a welcome change amongst most thanatologists, because of the clarification of terms, the medicalizing of grief and accessibility to antidepressant medications.
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True
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T/F. Resolving conflicts and problems with the dying person can facilitate the management of grief.
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True
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T/F. Grief counseling on the Internet raises questions regarding the appropriateness and effectiveness of such services
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True
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T/F. Dr. Kastenbaum believes that sometimes a person who seems anxious about death is really using death as a metaphor for the uncertainty of general life events rather than the physical threat to mortality.
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True
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T/F. Steevi Sayers hoped that her team of caregivers could gain strength and comfort to eventually face their own deaths by watching her confront her death.
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Dr. Willie Molloy
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Which health care professional stated that he thinks about death and dying every single day?
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False
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T/F. According to Dr. Frank Gonzalez-Crussi, the Mexican attitude towards death, manifested in the “Day of the Dead” celebration, represents a healthier, less fearful approach to death than other cultures have.