CSET Social Science: Subtest II

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The New England Colonies
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New Hampshire,Connecticut, Rhode Island, Massachusetts Geography: Coastal areas with good natural harbors; inland areas with dense forests; poor rocky soil and short growing season. Economy: Small farms, lumber mills, fishing, shipbuilding, and trade flourished; cities developed along the coast. People and Society: Most people organized as congregations lived on farms; in the cities, merchants controlled trade, artisans made goods, unskilled workers and enslaved Africans provided labor.
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The Middle Colonies
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New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware Geography: Fertile soil and long growing season; rivers ran into back country. Economy: Colonies grew large amounts of rye, oats, barley, potatoes, and wheat as cash crops to sell; cities developed on the coast. People and Society: Wealthiest people owned large farms and other businesses. Most farmers produced a small surplus. Tenant farmers rented land from large landowners or worked for wages.
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The Southern Colonies
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Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia Geography: Favorable climate and soil for agriculture; wide rivers made cities unnecessary. Economy: Tobacco, rice, and indigo grown on large plantations emerged as cash crops. People and Society: Wealthy elite controlled most of the land. Cash crops required a large amount of labor, which was supplied on large farms by indentured servants and enslaved Africans.
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Years of the American Revolution
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1776- 1783 The treaty of Paris in 1783 formally ended the war
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French and Indian War
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1763
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Sugar Act & Currency Act
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1764 Sugar Act: Placed taxes on raw sugar, molasses silk, wine, coffee, pimentos, and indigo. Currency Act: Banned the use of paper monies in the colonies
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Stamp Act
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1765 Stamp Act: Required stamps to be placed on most printed materials, including newspapers, pamphlets, posters, wills,mortgages, deeds,licenses.
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Stamp Act Repealed
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1766
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The Townshend Acts
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1767 New regulations and taxes
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Colonists boycotted British imports
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1768-1769
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The Boston Massacre;Townshend Acts Repealed
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1770
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Tea Act
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1773 Boston Tea Party held in protest
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Coercive Acts
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1774 Passed because of the Boston Tea Party. The Coercive Acts were four new laws: 1. Shut down Boston’s Port until they paid for the tea that was destroyed. 2. Judges, Council Members, and Sheriffs to be appointed instead of elected. 3. Transferred Soldiers to England to protect them from American Juries. 4. Required officials to allow British soldiers into their homes.
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Battles of Lexington and Concord
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1775 Lexington: 8 Americans died and 10 were wounded. Paul Revere was captured. Concord: 95 Americans killed and 250 British
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The Declaration of Independence
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1776
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America aligns with France
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1778 France helps America fight the revolution and recognizes America as an independent country away from England.

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