Criminology Exam 2

social factors
The Chicago School said that behavior is shaped by
life histories; concentric zones; official data
Researchers from the Chicago School studied
cultural transmission theory
The process by which social disorganization affects juveniles. and leads to delinquency across generations is known as
Thorsten Sellin
Culture conflict theory was developed primarily by
criminals are people who are inherently deviant
Which of the following ideas do NOT belong to the Chicago School?
none of the above
Which of the following statements about Park and Burgess’ findings about the city is NOT true?
rates of delinquency, tuberculosis and infant mortality decrease as you move away from the central business district
Which of the following statements best reflects Shaw & McKay’s findings on city areas?
conflict between a subculture and a larger culture within which it resides
Secondary culture conflict refers to
individual responses to societal reaction vary in sensitivity and vulnerability
In forming his theory, Sutherland took into account each of the following EXCEPT
cultural transmission/symbolic interactionism/culture conflict
Sutherland borrowed which three major theories from the Chicago School?
role theory and symbolic interaction
Cressey responded to criticisms that differential association did not explain crimes of passion or compulsive crimes with his work combining
Differential association is what type of theory
Edwin Sutherland
Who invented the term “white collar crime?”
prohibition; the criminalization of drug use; the Great Depression
Sutherland’s own views were said to be shaped by his early interest in
According to Sutherland, differential associations may vary according to each of the following EXCEPT
differential identification
Dan Glaser extended Sutherland’s work with his own theory of
white collar crime
In addition to differential association theory, Edwin Sutherland is known as the person who coined the phrase
group-oriented goals
In Durkheim’s “mechanical society” people have
Freud’s theories
Merton did not support assumptions from
What is the most common of the four deviant modes of adaptation
a distinction bewteen cultural goals and socially approved means
Anomie can be defined as
higher rates of suicide
According to Durkheim, deregulated society is also likely to cause
According to anomie theory, if a person rejected the goals but accepted the means, that person would be exhibiting behavior characterized as
Shoplifting, auto theft and burglary would best fit into which of Merton’s five modes of adaptation?
involves the relationship between goals and means
Merton’s theory of deviant behavior
schools; police; families
Institutional strain theory argues that anomie wold reduce the social control effects of
a macro, structural and consensus oriented theory
Anomie theory. as described by Robert Merton, is
Defensible space is a concept in environmental design theory (t/f)
Chicago School theorists were consensus theorists at heart (t/f)
The Chicago School produced chiefly microtheories (t/f)
The concept of “concentric zones” referes to areas in which housing was environmentally designed in such a manner that it precipitated crime (t/f)
Sutherland viewed criminals as following culturally approved behavior that was disapproved by the larger society (t/f)
Sutherland attempted to explain both individual criminal behavior and variations in group rates of crime (t/f)
The primary concept in Sutherland’s theory of differential association is an excess of definitions conducive to violation of law (t/f)
Sutherland did not believe that certain locations and people were more crime prone than others (t/f)
Differential association is a positivist theory oriented toward consensus (t/f)
According to Merton, his theory and differential association are complimentary (t/f)
Anomie is often called a functionalist theory (t/f)
If a person rejects both the goals and the means and then substitutes new goals and means, that person is engaging in rebellion (t/f)
Innovation is one of Merton’s deviant modes of adaptation (t/f)
According to anomie theory, although the lower class suffers the greatest social inequality they do not have a higher rate of involvement in deviant behavior

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