CPR Test-American Red Cross

Barriers to act
-Fear of doing something wrong
-Being unsure of the person’s condition
-Assuming someone else will take action
-Fear of disease
-Not knowing their illness
-Fear of being sued

You must continue giving care until:
You are too exhausted, victim wakes up and asks you to stop, scene becomes unsafe, someone with higher training takes over

What is the very first thing you do before you give care
Check that the scene is safe

3 C’s
Check, call, care

When do you call 911?
No heartbeat, no breathing, significant blood loss, fire, stroke

When would you call before giving care?
If the situation is a cardiac emergency

When would you give care first?
If the situation is a respiratory emergency

Abandonment
Ending the care of an injured or ill person without obtaining that person’s consent or without ensuring that someone with equal or greater training will continue care

How do you prevent disease transmission?
Wear proper personal protective equipment (gloves, gown, mask, etc)

What is the ratio of compressions to breaths in one person CPR?
30:2

What is the ratio of compressions to breaths in two person CPR on ADULTS?
30:2

What is the ratio of compressions to breaths in two person CPR on CHILDREN/INFANTS?
15:2

What are the types of consent?
Expressed, implied

Expressed consent
Verbal, gestures, parent giving consent for child

Implied consent
A person unable to give consent because they are unconscious/ill, consent is implied. If no parent is around for child, consent is implied.

Life-threatening conditions
Unconscious, not breathing, no pulse, severe bleeding

Agonal breathing
When someone is not breathing regularly; shallow and irregular

How do you treat victims with agonal breathing?
Treat as if there is no breathing at all

How do you do a primary assessment on children/infants?
Look, listen, feel and give two rescue breaths FIRST before checking for blood

Respiratory distress
Troubled breathing

Respiratory arrest
No breathing

How to check adult/child consciousness?
Tap shoulder and shout

How to check infant consciousness?
Tap foot and shout

When is rescue breathing done?
When the victim has a pulse but is not breathing

How is rescue breathing done on an adult?
One breath every 5 seconds

How is rescue breathing done on a child/infant?
One breath every 3 seconds

How long do you give rescue breaths for?
Two minutes, then stop and re-assess

How are bag-valve masks (BVMs) operated?
MUST be done with two people, one seals the mask over the airways and the other squeezes the bag.

What is the age of an infant, and how deep do you give compressions?
0-12 months, 1.5 in compressions

What is the age of a child, and how deep do you give compressions?
1-12 years, about 2 in compressions

What is the age of an adult, and how deep do you give compressions?
12 or older, at least 2 in compressions.

When and how do you perform modified CPR?
On an unconscious choking victim, give 30 chest compressions, check/finger swipe mouth, give two rescue breaths, repeat

What are the links in the cardiac chain of survival?
1. Early recognition and early access to EMS system
2. Early CPR
3. Early defibrillation
4. Early advanced medical care

How many beats per minute should your compressions be?
100

If you are the 2nd rescuer on the scene, what questions do you ask the person giving care?
Has 911 been called, do you have an AED/is someone getting one?

What heart rhythms can an AED recognize/shock?
Ventricular fibrillation (v-fib), ventricular tachycardia (v-tach)

How does an AED work/
Stops the heart in hopes that the AV node will take over

What should always be used in combination with CPR?
An AED

How do you treat a drowning victim?
Give two rescue breaths first

What is the max amount of time you should spend checking for breathing/pulse?
10 seconds

If you suspect a respiratory emergency, what do you do first?
Give two rescue breaths

If you give two rescue breaths and the chest doesn’t rise, what should you do?
Re-open the airway and give two more rescue breaths

If you give two rescue breaths two times and the chest still does not rise, what should you do?
Perform modified CPR

What do you have to do before giving care to a child?
Get consent from parent

Where do you check for pulse in an infant?
Arm

Where do you check for pulse in an adult/child?
Neck, wrist

If a person is conscious and appears to have a partially obstructed airway, what should you do?
Encourage coughing

If a person (adult or child) is conscious and appears to have a fully obstructed airway, what should you do?
Give 5 back blows, then 5 abdominal thrusts

If an infant is conscious and appears to have a fully obstructed airway, what should you do?
Give 5 back blows, then 5 chest compressions

What should you keep in mind when caring for an infant with an obstructed airway?
Support head/neck, keep head below chest