CPR Test-American Red Cross

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Barriers to act
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-Fear of doing something wrong -Being unsure of the person’s condition -Assuming someone else will take action -Fear of disease -Not knowing their illness -Fear of being sued
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You must continue giving care until:
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You are too exhausted, victim wakes up and asks you to stop, scene becomes unsafe, someone with higher training takes over
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What is the very first thing you do before you give care
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Check that the scene is safe
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3 C’s
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Check, call, care
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When do you call 911?
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No heartbeat, no breathing, significant blood loss, fire, stroke
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When would you call before giving care?
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If the situation is a cardiac emergency
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When would you give care first?
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If the situation is a respiratory emergency
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Abandonment
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Ending the care of an injured or ill person without obtaining that person’s consent or without ensuring that someone with equal or greater training will continue care
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How do you prevent disease transmission?
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Wear proper personal protective equipment (gloves, gown, mask, etc)
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What is the ratio of compressions to breaths in one person CPR?
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30:2
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What is the ratio of compressions to breaths in two person CPR on ADULTS?
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30:2
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What is the ratio of compressions to breaths in two person CPR on CHILDREN/INFANTS?
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15:2
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What are the types of consent?
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Expressed, implied
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Expressed consent
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Verbal, gestures, parent giving consent for child
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Implied consent
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A person unable to give consent because they are unconscious/ill, consent is implied. If no parent is around for child, consent is implied.
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Life-threatening conditions
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Unconscious, not breathing, no pulse, severe bleeding
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Agonal breathing
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When someone is not breathing regularly; shallow and irregular
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How do you treat victims with agonal breathing?
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Treat as if there is no breathing at all
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How do you do a primary assessment on children/infants?
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Look, listen, feel and give two rescue breaths FIRST before checking for blood
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Respiratory distress
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Troubled breathing
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Respiratory arrest
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No breathing
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How to check adult/child consciousness?
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Tap shoulder and shout
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How to check infant consciousness?
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Tap foot and shout
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When is rescue breathing done?
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When the victim has a pulse but is not breathing
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How is rescue breathing done on an adult?
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One breath every 5 seconds
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How is rescue breathing done on a child/infant?
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One breath every 3 seconds
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How long do you give rescue breaths for?
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Two minutes, then stop and re-assess
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How are bag-valve masks (BVMs) operated?
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MUST be done with two people, one seals the mask over the airways and the other squeezes the bag.
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What is the age of an infant, and how deep do you give compressions?
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0-12 months, 1.5 in compressions
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What is the age of a child, and how deep do you give compressions?
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1-12 years, about 2 in compressions
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What is the age of an adult, and how deep do you give compressions?
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12 or older, at least 2 in compressions.
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When and how do you perform modified CPR?
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On an unconscious choking victim, give 30 chest compressions, check/finger swipe mouth, give two rescue breaths, repeat
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What are the links in the cardiac chain of survival?
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1. Early recognition and early access to EMS system 2. Early CPR 3. Early defibrillation 4. Early advanced medical care
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How many beats per minute should your compressions be?
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100
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If you are the 2nd rescuer on the scene, what questions do you ask the person giving care?
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Has 911 been called, do you have an AED/is someone getting one?
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What heart rhythms can an AED recognize/shock?
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Ventricular fibrillation (v-fib), ventricular tachycardia (v-tach)
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How does an AED work/
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Stops the heart in hopes that the AV node will take over
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What should always be used in combination with CPR?
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An AED
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How do you treat a drowning victim?
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Give two rescue breaths first
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What is the max amount of time you should spend checking for breathing/pulse?
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10 seconds
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If you suspect a respiratory emergency, what do you do first?
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Give two rescue breaths
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If you give two rescue breaths and the chest doesn’t rise, what should you do?
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Re-open the airway and give two more rescue breaths
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If you give two rescue breaths two times and the chest still does not rise, what should you do?
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Perform modified CPR
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What do you have to do before giving care to a child?
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Get consent from parent
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Where do you check for pulse in an infant?
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Arm
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Where do you check for pulse in an adult/child?
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Neck, wrist
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If a person is conscious and appears to have a partially obstructed airway, what should you do?
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Encourage coughing
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If a person (adult or child) is conscious and appears to have a fully obstructed airway, what should you do?
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Give 5 back blows, then 5 abdominal thrusts
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If an infant is conscious and appears to have a fully obstructed airway, what should you do?
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Give 5 back blows, then 5 chest compressions
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What should you keep in mind when caring for an infant with an obstructed airway?
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Support head/neck, keep head below chest

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