CPR Practice Questions Essay

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CPR consist of 4 main parts which are:
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Airway, Breathing, Circulation, and Defibrillation
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When giving CPR to an adult, how far should you press down with each compression?
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1 1/2 to 2 inches pressing straight down to the breastbone.
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In an adult how many compressions should you deliver in 1 minute?
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100
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Why is recoil important during compressions?
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It allows complete refilling of the heart. Incomplete recoil will reduce the blood flow created by the chest compressions.
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How long should take to deliver a regular breath?
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1 second to deliver each breath. You must deliver enough air to make the victims chest rise.
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What is the compression-ventilation ratio for a one man and two man adult CPR?
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30:2
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What is the compression-ventilation ratio for a one man CPR on a child or infant?
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30:2
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What is the compression-ventilation ratio for a two man rescuer infant or child CPR?
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15:2
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When performing one man Adult CPR, how long should you check to the breathing of the patient
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At least 5 seconds, no longer than 10 seconds.
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Rescuers should try to minimize interruptions to less than ______ seconds.
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10 seconds
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How far should you press down on a CHILD AGE 1 TO PUBERTY?
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1/3 to 1/2 the depth of the chest with each compression
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Why must you avoid over-inflation during rescue breathing?
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May cause air gastric distention.
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In adult CPR, should you leave the scene to call 911 before you initiate CPR?
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Yes. If someone is near send them to call 911. If no one is near, leave the patient to dial 911.
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When should you administer rescue breaths to victims? (2)
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1- No breathing, but with a pulse 2- Those that are “gasping” inadequate breathing
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Why is a modified lateral position (recovery position) used?
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To prevent the airway from being obstructed by the tongue, mucus, or vomitus.
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What type of clamp should you use on the 1 rescuer bag-valve-mask?
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E-C clamp technique
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How do you perform a E-C clamp technique one man? (3)
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1- perform head tilt chin lift 2- Use the thumb and index fingers of one hand to make a “C” pressing on the edges of the mask 3- Use the remaining fingers to lift the angles of the jaw (3 fingers form an E)
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How does an E-C clamp technique differ with 1 man and 2 man CPR?
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Two rescuer CPR can use both hands to form the “E-C” technique.
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When should you activate 911 for an adult?
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Immediately
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When should you activate 911 for an child or infant?
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After 5 cycles or 2 minutes of CPR
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Where should you check the pulse on a child or an adult?
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Carotid
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Where should you check the pulse on a infant?
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Brachial
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When should you start CPR on a INFANT OR CHILD?
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1- If no pulse 2- or if pulse is <60
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What compression method should you use for an adult?
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Heel of one hand, other hand on top. OR 1 hand for small victims
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What compression method should you use for a child?
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2 fingers or 2 thumbs encircling
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When dealing with a conscious chocking patient what treatment/ action should you take?
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Abdominal thrusts
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How long should you continue abdominal thrusts on a choking patient?
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Repeat until the object is expelled or victim becomes unresponsive
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In a conscious choking infant what action should you take?
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5 chest thrusts and 5 back slaps. Continue until object is expelled or victim becomes unresponsive
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When should perform a finger sweep during choking management in a unconscious patient?
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Every time the rescuer opens the airway to deliver rescue breaths, the rescuer should look into the mouth and remove the object if seen.
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What are the rescue breathing rates for an adult
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10-12 times/min (1 breath every 5-6 seconds)
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What are the rescue breathing rates for an child or infant?
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12-20 times a minute (1 breath every 3-5 seconds)
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How do you perform a back slap on an infant?
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1- Hold the infant in one arm, head angled down 2- 5 slaps with the heel of the hand
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Should you ever perform a blind finger sweep?
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No, No, No! Never perform a blind finger sweep. Only perform a finger sweep if you can see the object!
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On a choking pregnant or obese patient, should you use a chest thrust or an abdominal thrust?
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Chest thrust
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In 2 rescuer adult CPR, when should they rescuers switch positions?
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Rescuer 1 and 2 should change positions every 5 cycles (about 2 minutes) This will minimize fatigue and chest compressions will be more effective
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Definition of a child
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1 year old to the onset of puberty (12-14 years old)
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Definition of an infant
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under one year old
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What is the most common cause of cardiac arrest in an infant/child?
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Respiratory Arrest
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Why is the 15:2 compression ratio used in a 2 man CPR to infants and children?
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To provide more ventilation to the child/infant. Most common cause of cardiac arrest is due to a breathing problem
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How do you perform a chest thrust on an obese or pregnant patient?
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1- Wrap arms to the front of the patients chest 2- make a fist with one hand and place it over the sternum 3- Grab fist with other hand and give thrust
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What is the most common cause of cardiac arrest?
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Respiratory Arrest
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What are the four components of the Chain of Survival?
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1. Early Access 2. Early CPR 3. Early Defibrillation 4. Early Advanced Care
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When is CPR most effective?
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When started immediately after collapse
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Name the two indications for CPR?
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Cardiac Arrest and Respiratory Arrest
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What are the 3 exceptions of not administering CPR?
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1. Death 2. DNR 3. Advanced Healthcare Directives
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Define Respiratory Arrest.
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No breathing, but has a pulse
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Define Cardiac Arrest.
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No breathing and no pulse
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How many seconds should it take for one cycle of CPR?
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22 seconds

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