Please enter something

Correlational Studies

question

Correlation
answer

The relationship between two or more variables.
question

Positive Correlation
answer

A relationship in which increases in one variable correspond to increase in a second variable.
question

Negative correlation
answer

A relationship in which increases in one variable correspond to decrease in a second variable.
question

Experiment
answer

A research method that is used to test casual hypotheses
question

Independent variable
answer

The variable in an experiment that is manipulated
question

Dependent variable
answer

The variable in an experiment that measures any affect of the manipulation.
question

Experimental Group
answer

The group of the participants that recieve the manipulation that is being tested.
question

Control Group
answer

The group of participants that do not recieve the manipulation that is being tested.
question

Placebo Effect
answer

A measurable change in participants behavior due to expectation or belief that a treatment will have certain effects.
question

Double-Blind Study
answer

An experiment in which both the experimenter and the study participants do not know to which group(experimental or control) participants have been assigned.
question

Confounding Variable
answer

Any factor other than the independent variable that affects the dependent measure.
question

Random Assignment
answer

Participants have an equal chance of being placed in any condition of the study.
question

Quasi- Experiment
answer

A research study that is not a true experiment because participants are not randomly assigned to the different conditions.
question

Institutional Review Board (IRB)
answer

A committy that reviews research proposals to ensure that ethical standards have been met.
question

Informed Consent
answer

Research participants agree to participate after being told about aspects of the study.
question

Confidentiality
answer

Researchers do not reveal which data were collected from which participant.
question

Debriefing
answer

After an experiment participants are informed of the nature of the study.