Concert Band Study Guide Terms

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adagio
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slow, leisurely tempo
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allegro
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a brisk and lively tempo
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a due
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unison (after divisi)
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andante
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walking speed
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andantino
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alternatively faster or slower than andante
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accent
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stressed note or chord
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a tempo
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return to the original tempo
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allegretto
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moderately fast
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arco
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use the bow (violin, viola, cello, or bass)
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accelerando
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go faster
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arpeggio
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Notes of a chord played separately
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anacrusis
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a note that occurs before a downbeat or upbeat (a pickup)
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barline
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line that separates a measure
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basso
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the lowest adult male singing voice
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cantabile
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in a singing manner
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crescendo
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a gradual increase in loudness
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clef
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a musical notation written on a staff indicating the pitch of the notes following it
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con
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with
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coda
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the closing section of a musical composition
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chord
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a combination of notes that blend harmoniously when sounded together
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divisi
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divide
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decrescendo
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a gradual decrease in loudness
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dynamics
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how loud or soft the music is
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diminuendo
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gradually softer sound
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dal segno (D. S.)
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repeat from the sign
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energico
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energetically
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forte
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loud
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fortissimo
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very loud
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fermata
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a hold or pause
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fortepiano
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loud then immediately soft
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flam
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Drumbeat with a grace note
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flat
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(accidental) move note down a half step
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grace note
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type of ornament where a quick note is played just before the main note
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glissando
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a rapid series of ascending or descending notes on the musical scale
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key signature
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the sharps or flats that follow the clef and indicate the key
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legato
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smooth and connected
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largo
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very slow
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larghetto
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slower than largo
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leggiero
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light, graceful
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l’istesso
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the same
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marcato
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marked
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mezzo
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medium, half
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moderato
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(of tempo) moderate
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molto
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much
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misterioso
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mysteriously
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maestoso
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majestically
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moto
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motion
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meno
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less
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niente
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nothing
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octave
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a musical interval of eight notes
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piano
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soft
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pianissimo
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very soft
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poco a poco
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little by little
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pizzicato
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plucking (violin, viola, cello, bass)
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piu
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more
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ritardando
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gradually delay the tempo
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rallentando
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Gradually slowing the tempo
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rubato
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a flexible tempo
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staccato
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detached
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slur
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a curved line spanning notes that are to be played legato
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solo
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a musical composition for one voice or instrument (with or without accompaniment)
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soli
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group or section solo
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simile
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similar
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sforzando
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suddenly forte
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subito
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suddenly
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sostenuto
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sustained
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spiritoso
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spirited
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sempre
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always
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swing
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play with a subtle and intuitively felt sense of rhythm
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sharp
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(accidental) raise note up a half step
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time signature
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the sign placed at the beginning of a composition to indicate its meter
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tutti
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all
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tie
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a slur over two notes of the same pitch
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triplet
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3 notes played in one beat
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trill
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a note that alternates rapidly with another note above it
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tempo
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speed of music
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unison
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play together (after divisi)
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vibrato
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vibrating

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