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com 103 public speaking mid term review

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communication skills, including public speaking, are often more important to employers than a job candidates undergraduate major.
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true
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in specialized fields, technical knowledge is more important to employers than communication skills when deciding who to hire and promote
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false
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as your textbook states, texting, tweeting, and other forms of electronic communication have significantly reduc3ed the need for public speaking
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false
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as your text book states, public speaking is a form of empowerment because it gives speakers the ability to manipulate people.
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false
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the teaching and study of public speaking began more than 4,000 years ago.
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true
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both public speaking and conversation involve adapting to listener feedback
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true
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public speaking requires the same method of delivery as ordinary conversations.
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false
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public speaking usually requires more formal language than every day conversations.
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true
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public speaking is more highly structured than everyday conversations.
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true
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when you adjust to the situations of public speech, you are doing on a larger scale what you do every day in conversation.
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true
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as a speaker, you can usually assume that an audience will be interested in what you have to say.
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false
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fortunately, stage fright only affects inexperienced speakers.
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false
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most successful speakers are nervous before taking the floor.
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true
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some nervousness before you speak is usually beneficial
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true
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many of the symptoms of stage fright are due to adrenaline, a hormone released into the bloodstream in response to physical or mental stress.
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true
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thinking of stage fright as “stage excitement” or “stage enthusiasm” can help you get focused and energized for a speech.
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true
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for the most beginning speakers, the biggest part of stage fright is fear of the unknown.
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true
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it has been estimated that being fully prepared for a speech can reduce stage fright by up to 75%
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true
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thinking positively about your ability to give a speech is one way to control you anxiety about speaking.
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true
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research has shown that for most speaker, anxiety decreases significantly after the first 30-60 seconds of speech.
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true
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using the power of visualization to control stage fright means that you should approach your speech as a performance in which the audience is looking for perfection.
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false
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as your textbook explains, visualization involves creating a mental picture of yourself succeeding at your speech
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true
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speakers who think positively about themselves and the speech experience are more likely to overcome their stage fright than are speakers who think negatively.
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true
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researcher suggest that you counter every negative thought you have about your speeches with at least five positive ones
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true
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listneres usually realize how tense a speaker is.
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false
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most of the nervousness public speakers feel internally is not visible to their listeners
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true
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as your textbook explains, the best way to approach public speaking is to view it as an act of communication, rather than as a performance
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true
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audiences are usually critical of speakers for making minor mistakes.
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false
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you will do the best in your speeches if you expect perfection every time.
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false
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it is usually a bad idea to make eye contact with individual members of your audience
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false
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in many aspects of public speaking, you will employ the skills of critical thinking
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true
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organizing ideas for presentation in a speech is an important aspect of critical thinking.
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true
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critical thinking is a way of thinking negatively about everything you hear in a speech
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false
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practicing speech delivery is one of the most important ways in which public speaking helps develop you skills as a critical thinker.
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false
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your goal in public speaking is to have your intended message be the message that is actually communicated.
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true
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as your textbook explains, the speakers message consist only of the speaker says with language.
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false
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the channel is the room in which speech communication takes place.
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false
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the channel is the means by which a message is communication
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true
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a speaker’s frame of reference and a listener’s frame of reference will never be exactly the same.
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true
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most of the time, the listener’s frame of reference is identical to the speakers frame of reference.
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false
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because most people share the same frame of reference, the meaning of a message is usually the same to a listener as to a speaker.
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false
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most public speaking situations include two way communication
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true
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when you give a speech to you classmates, you are engaged in one-way communication
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false
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the nonverbal messages that listeners send back to speakers are called feed back
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true
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interference is anything that impedes the communication of a message
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true
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interference can come from either inside or outside your audience
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true
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speechmaking becomes more complex as cultural diversity increases
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true
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although language changes from culture to culture, the meaning of non verbal signals is consistent across cultures
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false
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ethnocentrism is an advantage to speakers who seek to understand the values, beliefs and customs of audiences from different cultures.
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fasle
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ethnocentrism often leads to prejudice and hostility toward people of different racial, ethnic and cultural backgrounds
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true
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public speakers who seek to avoid being ethnocentric need to show respect to the cultures of the people they address
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true
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avoiding ethnocentrism means that you must agree with the values and practices of all groups and cultures
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false
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Ethnocentrism needs to be avoided when you are in the rule of listener as well as when you are in the role of speaker
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True
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When you experience stage fright, your body is producing extra… A hormone that is released into the bloodstream a response to physical or mental stress
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Adrenaline
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Research has shown that The anxiety level of most speakers drops off significantly
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When they are 30 2/62 into the speech
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As defined in your textbook, channel in the speech communication process refers to
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The means by which a message is communicating
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What are the most common mistake students make on their first speech is trying to cover too much
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True
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Use of negative stereotypes in an introductory speech is a couple of long as they are used in a humorous way
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False
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As your textbook states colorful or descriptive language is an effective way to generate audience interest in an introductory speech
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True
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Each main point in the body of your 1st feet should cover a single aspect of the topic
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True
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The topical method of speech organization follows a time pattern
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False
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The chronological method of speech organization follows a time pattern
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True
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For your first speech your textbook recommends trying to end on a clever or thought-provoking note
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True
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According to your textbook the best way to prepare to give you for speech is to memorize it and deliver it Word for Word
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False
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Most experts recommend that you read your speech is to the audience so you don’t forget any words
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False
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Extemporaneous delivery means delivering a speech off-the-cuff with no advance preparation
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False
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When delivering your first beach you should try to adopt The relaxed and confident tone you use an every day in conversation
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True
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In order to learn it your first speech well enough to deliver it extemporaneously you need to practice it out loud
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True
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According to your textbook the best way to practice the speech is to look silently over your notes until you think you know the speech won’t have to deliver it in your class
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False
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Your text book recommends that you present your first speech without advance preparation so it will soon spontaneous in class
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False
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Taking a moment to look at your audience with a smile before you begin to speak and help you establish rapport with them
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True
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When it is your turn to speak, you should hurry to the front of the room and start talking immediately so you don’t lose the audiences attention
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False
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When you give your speech, you should try to make eye contact with your audience as much as you can
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True
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According to your text book, a common mistake students make when developing their first speech is
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Trying to cover too much material
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Which of the following is an appropriate when using humor in public speech
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Gently making fun of a common human quirks
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For the first speech, Rebecca plans to explain her interest in gymnastics beginning with her childhood and continuing through her days in high school. Which pattern of organization discussed on your textbook will she use in her speech?
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Chronological
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For his first speech, Peter is organizing his ideas around three holiday customers that were passed down to buy his Polish grandparents. According to your textbook, Peter’s speech will most likely be organized in what order
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Topical
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A sentence or two that that’s the audience know that a speaker has finished one side and is moving on to another is called
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Transition
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Clear organization is usually less important in speaking then in writing
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False
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Audiences find a well organized speakers to be more credible than poorly organized speakers
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True
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How well a speech is organized affects how listeners view the speakers competence and trustworthiness
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True
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Research suggests that using a clear specific method of speech organization can’t hands your ability to deliver a speech fluently
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True
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The introduction of a speech usually should be prepared before the body
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False
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According to your text book, it is usually best to prepare the body of the speech before the introduction
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True
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Once you know the main points of your speech, you should then formulate your specific purpose
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False
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No speeches should contain from 2 to 5 main points
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True
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If a speech is 45 minutes long, and audience can be expected to keep track of as many as a dozen main points
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False
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Strategic organization means putting a speech together never take away to cheat a particular result with a particular audience
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True
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The most effective order for the main points of a speech depends upon the topic, the specific purpose, and the audience.
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True
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Speech is arranged in a chronological order follow a time pattern
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True
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Chronological organization is used primarily for informative speeches
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True
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Speech is arranged in a spatial order follow a time sequence
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False
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Spatial Organization is used primary for informative speeches
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True
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A speech explain the steps involved in making bread from beginning to end it would be arranged in spatial order
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False
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When arranging a speech in casual order, you must deal first with causes of an event and then explain its affects
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False
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Speech is arranged and casual order usually have three or four main points
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False
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Problem solution order is used most often in persuasive speeches
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True
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Speeches arranged in a problem solution order are divided into four main parts
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False