CNA Practice Exam 3

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B. sitting with both feet on the floor
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which of the following is the recommended position to obtain a resident’s blood pressure? A. lying with feet elevated B. sitting with both feet on the floor C. standing with arms at the resident’s side D. lying flat
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A. allow the resident privacy to pray
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when a resident requests to pray before a procedure, what is the optimum response of the NA? A. allow the resident privacy to pray B. ask the resident to pray silently while you perform the procedure C. explain to the resident that the procedure needs to be completed now and that praying will need to wait D. tell the resident you have already prayed for them this morning and now it is time to perform the procedure
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C. at the end of the shift
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how frequently should the NA record the totaled intake and output in the resident’s chart? A. after each meal B. every six hours C. at the end of the shift D. every four hours
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D. hypotension
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what is the medical term for low blood pressure? A. tachycardia B. hypertension C. bradypnea D. hypotension
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B. every two hours
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how often should the NA turn a resident who is unable to move himself/herself? A. every three hours B. every two hours C. every four hours D. at least once a shift
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A. slowing of responses
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which of the following conditions is expected in an older resident? A. slowing of responses B. inability to make decisions C. increased agitation D. loss of long-term memory
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A. use shaving cream to soften the hair
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when the NA is helpoing a resident to shave, which of the following should the NA remember to do? A. use shaving cream to soften the hair B. wash the resident’s face and then dry the skin thoroughly before shaving C. shave in the opposite direction of hair growth with a sharp razor D. apply alcohol after shaving to keep the skin clean
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A. sit beside the resident and listen to him/her
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when the NA is communicating with a resident who is suffering from memory loss, which of the following is true? A. sit beside the resident and listen to him/her B. ignore the resident and continue working C. laugh at what the resident is saying D. ask the resident not to talk nonsense
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B. 60-100 beats/minute
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what is the normal range of a resident’s pulse at rest? A. 55-195 beats/minute B. 60-100 beats/minute C. 45-65 beats/minute D. 70-120 beats/minute
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C. making sure the resident’s glasses and other visual aids are within reach
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which of the following creates an environment for effective communication with a resident who is visually impaired? A. making sure the light in the room is not too bright B. placing rugs on the floor so the resident is not too shocked by the cold floor C. making sure the resident’s glasses and other visual aids are within reach D. turning up the volume on the tv so the resident can hear because he/she has trouble seeing
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D. assistive
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which type of device would the physician order to help a resident with ambulation? A. orthodontic B. feeding C. transfer D. assistive
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D. right to mistreat staff and fellow residents
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which of the following is not an example of the Patient’s Bill of Rights? A. right to privacy and dignity B. right of confidentially C. right to accept or refuse treatment D. right to mistreat staff and fellow residents
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C. when hands are visibly soiled
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an alcohol-based hand cleanser should not be considered in which of the following situations? A. after contact with a resident B. when soap and water are not available C. when hands are visibly soiled D. after assisting a resident to the shower
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C. loss of hearing
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which of the following describes sensory impairment? A. inability to read B. inability to use a bike C. loss of hearing D. inability to write
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A. battery
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if a NA restrained a resident without a physician’s order, he/she might be charged with which of the following? A. battery B. assault C. malpractice D. negligence
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C. allow the resident to share his/her beliefs
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a NA can help meet the resident’s spiritual needs by which of the following? A. tell the resident about his/her beliefs B. let the resident know not to talk about beliefs C. allow the resident to share his/her beliefs D. invite someone from your church to talk to the resident
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B. negligence
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while trimming a resident’s nails, you accidentally cut his finger. this is considered which of the following legal terms? A. physical abuse B. negligence C. malpractice D. assault
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C. check the resident’s chart to see what type of diet the patient is ordered
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which of the following is the initial step before feeding a resident? A. inform the kitchen staff what type of diet the patient wants B. assist the resident in washing his/her hands and face C. check the resident’s chart to see what type of diet the patient is ordered D. make sure the resident eats all of his/her main meal before serving dessert
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A. rescue the patient
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if a fire was discovered by a NA, the first action is which of the following? A. rescue the patient B. pull the fire alarm C. extinguish the fire D. follow the evacuation plan
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B. defamation
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when a NA reports to the charge nurse that another NA accepted a tip from a resident when it is not true is an example of which of the following? A. negligence B. defamation C. malpractice D. insubordination
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C. milliliters/cc
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which of the following is the measurement used when documenting a resident’s intake and output? A. ounces B. milligrams C. milliliters/cc D. cups
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C. deliver the mail unopened to the resident’s room
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the NA notices mail for a resident at the nurses’s station. the correct action of the NA is which of the following? A. discard the resident’ junk mail B. open the mail for the resident C. deliver the mail unopened to the resident’s room D. give the mail to a family member
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A. wait approximately 15 minutes
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the NA notices a resident has just finished drinking a glass of iced tea and it is time to obtain an oral temperature. the NA should do which of the following? A. wait approximately 15 minutes B. go ahead and take the oral temperature C. wait approximately 45 minutes D. skip the temperature now and then take it next scheduled time
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D. place the linen in the hamper because it is soiled
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the NA is making a resident’s bed and accidentally drops the clean sheet on the floor. which of the following is the best action for the NA to take? A. pick up the linen, shake it out, then use it B. place the linen on the bedside chair to use at a later time C. leave the linen on the floor for housekeeping to pick up D. place the linen in the hamper because it is soiled
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A. hoyer lift
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a safety device used to move a resident from the bed to the chair is which of the following? A. hoyer lift B. slide board C. brace D. assistive
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D. grievance
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the Patient’s Bill of Rights is a document that lists the guidelines identifying the resident’s treatment, level of care, and services while in the facility. any complaints or dissatisfaction by the resident in regard to care is considered? A. slander B. defamation C. irritating D. grievance
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C. before beginning a procedure, the NA closes the curtains
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select the appropriate action by the NA that demonstrates adherence to the resident’s right to privacy? A. when assisting the resident onto the bedside commode, the NA forgets to close the curtains B. while the resident is talking on the phone, the NA stands beside the resident C. before beginning a procedure, the NA closes the curtains D. when dressing the resident, the NA does not provide adequate clothing
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B. convulsions
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seizures are sometimes known by which of the following? A. sugar in the blood B. convulsions C. consumption D. heart troubles
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D. contracture
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select the appropriate medical term for the abnormal shortening of muscle tissue. A. arthritis B. sprain C. fracture D. contracture
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C. watch the flow infusion and then communicate any problems
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which of the following is the responsibility of the NA when caring for a resident who is receiving intravenous therapy? A. assess the site for swelling, redness, or bruising B. monitor the site, tubing, and infusion solution C. watch the flow infusion and then communicate any problems D. nothing, the infusion is monitored by the nurses not NA
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B. difficulty breathing
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which of the following complications should be reported immediately to the nurse? A. incontinence B. difficulty breathing C. weak leg D. increased hunger
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D. respect the resident’s wishes
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select the appropriate action of the NA when a resident refuses to transfer out of the bed into the chair. A. threaten the resident if he/she continues to refuse B. ignore the resident and transfer him/her anyway C. call for help to transfer the resident because he/she might become agitated D. respect the resident’s wishes
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D. shortness of breath
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of the following signs, which one is not a sign of infection? A. fever B. swelling C. redness D. shortness of breath
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B. provide privacy for the resident
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what is the appropriate action of the NA when the resident asks for time alone with her husband? A. leave the room but keep the door open B. provide privacy for the resident C. tell the resident that it is best if the husband comes back at a later time D. call the physician and clarify the resident’s physical condition
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C. constipation
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residents might experience which of the following due to decreased intestinal motility? A. diarrhea B. bloating C. constipation D. decreased appetite
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A. to protect the resident from harm
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which of the following is the best use of restraints? A. to protect the resident from harm B. as a punishment C. to decreased time spent attending to the resident D. to keep the resident out of the way
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D. the resident
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who is the best source to collect information from about the resident on admission? A. a friend B. a family member C. the physician D. the resident
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D. use a towel to turn off the water
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which of the following is a correct action in washing your hands? A. apply soap before wetting your hands B. keep hands elevated above your waist C. apply friction for 5 seconds D. use a towel to turn off the water
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C. place the probe of the thermometer in the center of the axilla
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select the appropriate location for a thermometer when taking an axillary temperature. A. place the probe of the thermometer 1 inch under the arm B. place the probe in the posterior 1/3 of the axilla C. place the probe of the thermometer in the center of the axilla D. place the probe in the anterior 1/3 of the axilla
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D. when counting the pulse rate, if it is irregular, count for at least 60 seconds
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which of the following is not a step in attaining a radial pulse? A. place the fat pads of your finder over the groove in the wrist B. look at the second hand of your watch and begin counting C. lightly press against the radial bone D. when counting the pulse rate, if it is irregular, count for at least 60 seconds
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C. close the curtain to provide privacy
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which of the following is important for the NA to do when assisting the resident with a partial bath? A. use only tepid water B. cover the resident with a towel C. close the curtain to provide privacy D. wash the feet first
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D. rub lotion between the toes to prevent skin from breaking
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which of the following is a false statement regarding nail care? A. dry the resident’s hands and feet after soaking B. report any breaks in the skin to the nurse C. soak hands and feet at a safe temperature D. rub lotion between the toes to prevent skin from breaking
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A. a denture cup filled with water
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which of the following is the appropriate container for storing dentures? A. a denture cup filled with water B. several wet paper towels C. a large jar filled with mouthwash D. in the drawer of the bedside table
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B. to restore function to as near as normal as possible
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which of the following is at the center of rehabilitative care? A. to improve the resident’s capabilities B. to restore function to as near as normal as possible C. to return the resident to better than normal functioning D. to prevent harm and injury
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B. create long-range goals with the resident
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which of the following best describes restorative nursing? A. focus on doing things for the residents B. create long-range goals with the resident C. prevent deterioration when possible D. assist the resident to remember his/her limitations
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D. privacy is provided during the procedure
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which statement about taking a rectal temperature is true? A. the electronic thermometers do not lubrication B. only mercury thermometers provide an accurate temperature C. the normal rectal temperature is 1 degree lower than an oral temperature D. privacy is provided during the procedure
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A. wrap your arms around the resident’s waist
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which of the following actions is false regarding the Heimlich maneuver? A. wrap your arms around the resident’s waist B. make a fist with your hands C. place your thumb inside your hand D. ask the resident, “are you choking?”
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D. I can see this bothers you. I will convey your concerns to the nurse
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which of the following statements by the NA best reflects appropriate communication? A. what can I do about your life situation? B. rest awhile and you will feel better in the morning C. I can’t help you right now; I am busy D. I can see this bothers you. I will convey your concerns to the nurse
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B. remove the catheter at least once daily and report any problems
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which of the following actions is used by the NA when caring for a resident with a condom catheter? A. pull the catheter onto the penis B. remove the catheter at least once daily and report any problems C. ensure that the catheter is well lubricated D. attach the drainage bag to the side rail
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A. alcohol
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which of the following substances should be used to cleanse the drain on the urinary drainage bag after emptying it? A. alcohol B. soap and water C. air dry D. peroxide
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B. prevent trauma to the resident
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why is an indwelling catheter taped or secured to the resident’s bag? A. severe abdominal cramping B. prevent trauma to the resident C. to allow the resident to use the bathroom if needed D. to prevent leaking around the catheter
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D. putting the supplies down and cleaning up the spill immediately
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the NA is walking down the hall with an armful of supplies and notices a small spill on the floor. which of the following is the correct action? A. walking by and saying nothing B. stopping at the nurse’s station and telling whoever is there about the spill C. telling the first person you see to have housekeeping clean it up D. putting the supplies down and cleaning up the spill immediately
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B. emptying the collection bag
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a resident you are assigned has an ostomy drainage bag that is scheduled to be changed. what is your first action? A. apply skin protector around the stoma B. emptying the collection bag C. cleanse around the stoma gently with soap and water D. reattach the clean bag to the apparatus around the stoma
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A. a person who represents a resident and investigates complaints
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which of the following best defines what an ombudsman is? A. a person who represents a resident and investigates complaints B. a nurse representative who assures quality care C. a person appointed by the court to handle an estate D. a union representative

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