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CLP 3302 Quizzes 1-4

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Quiz 1
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Quiz 1
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Compared to PhD programs, PsyD programs typically…
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*all answers apply* -accept a larger percentage of applicants. -offer significantly less funding to enrolled students in the form of graduate assistantships, fellowships, and tuition remission. -have larger classes
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The DSM is published by the
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American Psychiatric Association
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The _____ typically consists of a full year of supervised clinical experience in an applied setting, and takes place before the doctoral degree is awarded.
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predoctoral internship
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The most common work setting for clinical psychologists since the 1980s is _____.
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private practice
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Compared to clinical psychologists, professional counselors…
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*both A and C* A. earn a master’s degree rather than a doctoral degree. B. place a higher emphasis on psychological testing and conducting research. C. often specialize in areas such as career, addiction, or college counseling.
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In order to earn a PhD in clinical psychology, an individual must generally…
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*All of the above* -Complete a doctoral dissertation -complete at least 4 years of intensive, full-time coursework -complete a 1 year predoctoral internship
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_________, more than any other activity, characterized clinical psychology during the earliest years of the profession.
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assessment of intelligence
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From roughly 1900-1950, the treatment of mental illness
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was conducted primarly by physicians
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Why might naming various experiences mental disorders be beneficial?
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*All of the above* An official label may help clients demystify an otherwise nameless experience. Naming promotes greater attention to the symptoms by researchers and clinicians. An official diagnosis can help clients gain access to treatment, especially if health insurance is used to pay.
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According to your text, attenuated psychosis syndrome…
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is listed in the Emerging Measures and Models section of the current DSM.
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Essentially, a categorical approach to diagnosis of mental disorders suggests that an individual
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has a disorder or does not have it.
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To develop rapport during a clinical interview…
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*All of the above* Interviewers should make an effort to put the client at ease. Interviewers can acknowledge the unique, unusual situation of the interview. interviewers can notice how the client uses language and follow the client’s lead.
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The type of clinical interview that provides an overview of the client’s appearance, behavior, and general presentation during the interview is called a(n):
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mental status exam
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A(n) _____ interview is a clinical interview designed not only to assess a problem demanding urgent attention, but also to provide immediate intervention for the problem.
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crisis
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Categorical diagnosis of mental illness has many advantages, including the fact that it…
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facilitates communication between professionals.
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____ is the extent to which an assessment technique measures what it claims to measure.
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Validity
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DSM-III differed from its predecessors in significant ways, such as…
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*All of the above* the use of specific criteria to define disorders Attempts to make the criteria atheoritical greater reliance on clinical data rather than just clinical consensus
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Which of the following is true?
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The scientist-practitioner model of training emerged before the practitioner-scholar model of training.
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_____ authorizes a psychologist to practice independently.
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Licensure
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Psychiatrists…
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*All of the above* Go do medical school Sometimes do psychotherapy Tend to emphasize the biological aspects of clinical problems
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Quiz 2
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Quiz 2
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_____ tests measure a client’s intellectual abilities, whereas _____ tests measure what a client has accomplished with those intellectual abilities.
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intelligence; achievement
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The notion of “g,” as proposed by Charles Spearman, suggests that essentially
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intelligence is one ability/construct
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All of the Wechlser intelligence tests yiel
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*All of the above* a single full-scale intelligence score four index scores about a dozen specific subtests scores
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On the current edition of the _____, the mean score for full scale IQ is 100.
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*A and B* Wechsler intelligence tests Stanford-Binet intelligence scales None of the above
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Quiz 3
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Quiz 3
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Although they have been used for a variety of clinical issues, exposure therapy and systematic desensitization have been used primarily for the treatment of _____.
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anxiety disorders
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Behavioral activation is based on the simple idea that
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the day-to-day lives of depressed people lack positive reinforcement.
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When behavioral activation begins, an important question for the clinical psychologist to ask the client is,
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Are there things that you are not doing now that you typically do when you are not depressed?”
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Cognitive therapy/Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
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*all answers apply*
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___ is considered a leader in the cognitive therapy movement.
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*A and B* Aaron Beck Albert Ellis
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Which of the following best describes the three-step process typically used by cognitive psychotherapists to revise a client’s cognitions?
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identify illogical thoughts; challenge illogical thoughts; replace illogical thoughts with more logical thoughts
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Which of the following is true regarding cognitive psychotherapy?
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Cognitive psychotherpay is typically more structured and less spontaneous than humanistic psychotherpay
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According to Ellis’ ABCDE model, “C” represents _____.
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consequences
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Aaron Beck has argued that the cognitive triad, which includes _____, is a powerful determinant of mental health and depression levels.
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*all answers apply* thoughts about the self thtoughts about the external world thoughts about the future
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Third-wave therapies
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*A and B* have mindfulness as a core component of their treatment approach. include acceptance commitment therapy and dialectical behavioral therapy
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Dialectical behavior therapy, developed by Marsha Linehan, has been found effective in the treatment of _____.
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borderline personaity disorder
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Based on your text, _____ can be defined as full engagement with one’s own internal mental processes in a nonconfrontational way, which often involves a reduction in _____.
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mindfulness; experimental avoidance
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_____ is a pioneer of the humanistic approach to psychotherapy.
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Rodgers
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Abraham Maslow is most closely associated with the _____ approach to psychotherapy.
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humanistic
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Humanistic psychotherapists believe that individuals are born with a tendency toward healthy growth. The term that best describes this tendency is ____
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self-actualization
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According to the humanistic approach, psychological health is enhanced by
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a match betwen the real self and ideal self
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According to Carl Rodgers, the three essential therapeutic conditions were _____ to psychotherapy to be successful with any client.
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*A and B* necessary sufficient
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Empathy, unconditional positive regard, and genuineness
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*A and B* are common factors contribute to teh success of all kinds of therapy, not just humanistic
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The type of learning that occurs when a consequence follows a behavior (select the best answer).
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Operant conditioning
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The type of that is often considered to involved processes that are often considered automatic or reflective (stimulus-response)
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Classical conditioning
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Quiz 4
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Quiz 4
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The primary goal of psychodynamic psychotherapy is…
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to make the unconscious conscious.
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Irvin Yalom’s approach to group psychotherapy has been labeled _____.
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interpersonal
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According to your text, _____ plays the same role in group therapy that the therapeutic relationship/alliance plays in individual therapy.
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group cohessiveness
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Two parents in conflict with one another each make efforts to recruit their child to their side in order to support their position in the conflict. According to family therapists, this exemplifies _____.
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triangulation
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Ron is a psychotherapy client who senses that certain unconscious material will soon be exposed. This makes him anxious, so he abruptly changes the subject and then misses his next appointment. Ron’s psychodynamic psychotherapist is likely to understand Ron’s actions as _____.
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resistance
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Relative to its prominence in the early and mid-1900s, psychodynamic psychotherapy is currently
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less prominent
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Regarding the causes of psychological problems, _____ therapists tend to endorse a linear model of causality, whereas _____ therapists tend to endorse a circular model of causality.
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individual; family
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Group therapists typically encourage clients toward examining
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here-and-now relationships with fellow group members
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The term _____ succinctly captures the primary goal of psychodynamic psychotherapy.
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insight
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Change scales are most consistent with which of the following approaches:
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motivational interviewing
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Asking permission is most consistent with which of the following approaches:
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motivational interviewing
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Some clinical child psychologists divide children’s psychological problems into externalizing disorders, such as _____, and internalizing disorders, such as _____
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ADHD; depression
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When treating child patients…
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*all answers apply* the therapeutic alliance is just as crucial with children as is in therapy with adults. the therapeutic alliance should be established with both the child and his or her parents. adult interventions and techniques should be adjusted for children.
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The BASC and the Child Behavior Checklist are examples of…
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behavior rating scales
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Which of the following are true about IQ tests administered by psychologists, such as the Wechsler tests?
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*None of the above* They are usually completed in less then 30 minutes. They can be administered in a group setting They are always administered, regardless of the referral problem
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______________is characterized by more severe, antisocial behaviors, and is most likely diagnosed in adolescents; whereas, ______________ is characterized by mild to moderate disruptive behaviors and most likely diagnosed in elementary school-aged children___________
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conduct disorder; oppositional defiant disorder
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This disorder is most likely to be treated with medication..
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ADHD
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_____ is a form of behavioral therapy in which therapists teach parents to use techniques based on conditioning to modify problematic behavior in their children.
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parent training
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_____ promotes both the mental and physical health of children with medical conditions.(select the best answer):
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pediatric psychology
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Motivational interviewing draws its influence from which of the following:
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*both A and B* client centered psychotherapy stages of change model