Civics Study Guide

Government
a system by which a community is ruled.

Citizen
Citizen
a person born or naturalized into a country, who is entitled to certain rights provided by its government.

Rights
Rights
certain benefits guaranteed to people by law.

Responsibilities
Responsibilities
duties or tasks that someone is required or expected to do.

Citizenship
Citizenship
the status of being legally recognized as a citizen of a country.

taxes
taxes
money collected by a federal, state, or local government. This money is used to provide services to citizens.

Naturalization
Naturalization
the process of gaining citizenship to a country.

Federalism
a system of government in which power is divided between a federal, or national, government and various governments

Constitution
Constitution
a written document outlining how the government of a state or country is organized.

Amendment
Amendment
a change to a government process or document.

Ratify
Ratify
to approve formally.

Bill of Rights
Bill of Rights
the first 10 amendments to the U.S. constitution.

Legislative Branch
Legislative Branch
the part of government that creates laws and budgets and proposes amendments.

Executive Branch
Executive Branch
the part of the government that enforces laws, appoints officials, and oversees government agencies.

Judicial Branch
Judicial Branch
the part of government that interprets laws and punishes those who break them.

Governor
Governor
the head of the executive branch in a state or territory.

Veto
Veto
to reject a proposed bill by refusing to sign it into law.o which

MN Supreme Court
MN Supreme Court
the highest court in Minnesota, which interprets laws and the MN constitution. It makes decisions on certain cases that are sent from lower courts.

House of Representatives
House of Representatives
a governing body to which people are elected to make laws.

Senate
Senate
a governing body to which people are elected to make laws.

Budget
Budget
a plan for spending and saving money over a certain time period.

County
County
a geographic area within a state that has its own boundaries, residents, and government. Cities and township are located within counties.

City/Township
City/Township
a geographic are within a state and a county that has its own boundaries, residents, and government.

School Board/School District
School Board/School District
a geographic area within a state, in which all public schools are governed by the same system.

Civics
the study of government and the people who are governed.