Chinese Discoveries and Invenions Ch. 18 HISTORY ALIVE!

question

Lodestone
answer

A magnetic mineral used to make the first magnetic compasses.
question

Canal lock
answer

A gated chamber in a canal used to raise or lower the water level.
question

Paddlewheel Boat
answer

a ship with a series of paddles in a wheel that pushed the boat through the water
question

Segmental Arch Bridges
answer

a bridge supported by arches that are shallow segments (parts) of a circle
question

Movable Type
answer

individual characters made of wood or metal that can be arranged to create a job for printing and then used over again
question

Porcelain
answer

A hard, fine grained white ceramic ware fired at high temperatures
question

Mass Produce
answer

To make similar items in quantity by using standardized designs and dividing labor among workers
question

Woodblock Printing
answer

A type of printing in which text is carved into a block of wood and the block is then coated with ink and pressed on the page.
question

Gun powder
answer

an explosive powder made of saltpeter and other materials
question

Alchemy
answer

A combination of science, magic, and philosophy that was practiced in medieval times.
question

Catapult
answer

a slingshot-like war machine used for shooting rocks, shells, and other objects
question

Inoculate
answer

to protect against disease by transmitting a disease-causing agent to a person, stimulating the body’s defensive reactions
question

Immune system
answer

the body’s system of defense against disease
question

Vaccine
answer

A substance used to immunize people against a disease
question

How was the compass useful in the medeval times?
answer

Made travelling easier, led people in the right direction
question

How did ship compartments make travelling easier, safer, and faster?
answer

If there was a water leak, the ship would not drown, only the compartment would get leaked..
question

How did paddle wheel boats make travelling in lakes and rivers easier?
answer

Made travelling quicker.
question

What did segmental arch bridges do to make travelling within China easier?
answer

It gave way for boats and ships to pass.
question

How did canal locks make travellig within China easier?
answer

It evened out land and gave way for the boats to pass..
question

How did paper become a industry in China?
answer

-The Chinese were the first to invent it – For 500 years, only the Chinese knew how to make it. – First made of wood, then rags.
question

Describe printing in China. First woodblock, then movable type
answer

-Woodblock: From the first century; had woodblock priinting industries – Movable type: lower the cost of printing; made written information more available.
question

How did prorcelain become a popular industry?
answer

– Had mass produces – Prized for trade
question

Why was steel a major industry?
answer

– Made from iron – Less brittle than iron
question

Why was gunpowder such an important invention?
answer

-It was a huge military advance – Used to make weapons; granades, bombs, rifles and canons. – Rockets first used for fire crackers then weapons.
question

Explain how woodblock printing made it possible for the invention of everyday objects such as playing cards and paper money
answer

– Made printing easier – Woodblock printing allowed one to produce playing cards and paper money quickly in mass quantities
question

How did the Chinese discoveries of innoculations and vaccines help prevent diseases?
answer

– By taking a disease producing substance and exposing it to a person, ones body would build immunity to a disease. – By doing this less people would become sick and spread the disease. This knowledge led to development of vaccines.

Get instant access to
all materials

Become a Member