# Chem Exam 1 Review

Flashcard maker : Lily Taylor
5.21 cm is the same distance as
A) 0.0521 m
B) 52.1 dm
C) 5.21 mm
D) 0.00521 km
E) 5210 m
0.0521 m
How many centimeters are there in 57.0 in.?
A) 22 cm
B) 0.0445 cm
C) 145 cm
D) 22.4 cm
E) 140 cm
145 cm
The amount of space occupied by a substance is its
A) mass
B) density
C) weight
D) length
E) volume
volume
Which of the following is the basic unit of volume in the metric system?
A) liter
B) kilogram
C) meter
D) centimeter
E) gram
liter
Which of the following is a measurement of mass in the metric system?
A) milliliter
B) centimeter
C) kilogram
D) Celsius
E) meter
kilogram
A value of 25° C is a measurement of
A) distance
B) volume
C) temperature
D) mass
E) density
temperature
A value of 36 mL is a measure of
A) density
B) mass
C) temperature
D) volume
E) distance
volume
A value of 345 mm is a measure of
A) density
B) mass
C) temperature
D) volume
E) distance
distance
The measurement 0.0000043 m, expressed correctly using scientific notation, is
A) 4.3 × 10^-7 m
B) 4.3 × 10^-6 m
C) 4.3 × 10^6 m
D) 0.43 × 10^-5 m
E) 4.3 m
4.3 × 10^-6
Which of the following conversion factors is a measured number?
A) 10 cm/dm
B) 12 in/ft
C) 16 oz/lb
D) 25 miles/gallon
E) 12 eggs/dozen
25 miles/gallon
The measurement of the gravitational pull on an object is its
A) volume
B) weight
C) mass
D) length
E) size
weight
Which of the following measurements has three significant figures?
A) 0.005 m
B) 510 m
C) 0.510 m
D) 0.051 m
E) 5100 m
0.510 m
1.00 pint of milk has a volume of how many milliliters?
A) 472 mL
B) 530 mL
C) 1000 mL
D) 1890 mL
E) 106 mL
472 mL
Which of the following numbers contains the designated CORRECT number of significant figures?
A) 0.04300 – 5 sig figs
B) 0.00302 – 2 sig figs
C) 156,000 – 3 sig figs
D) 1.04 2 – 2 sig figs
E) 3.0650 – 4 sig figs
156,000 – 3 significant figures
The number of significant figures in the measurement of 45.030 mm is
A) none
B) three
C) four
D) five
E) six
five
How many significant figures are in the number 0.00208?
A) six
B) two
C) three
D) four
E) five
three
Which of the following examples illustrates a number that is correctly rounded to three significant figures?
A) 4.05438 grams to 4.054 grams
B) 0.03954 grams to 0.040 grams
C) 103.692 grams to 103.7 grams
D) 109,526 grams to 109,500 grams
E) 20.0332 grams to 20.0 grams
20.0332 grams to 20.0
A calculator answer of 423.6059 must be rounded off to three significant figures. What answer is reported?
A) 423
B) 424
C) 420
D) 423.6
E) 423.7
424
Which of the answers for the following conversions contains the correct number of significant figures?
A) 2.543 m × 39.4 in/1 m = 100.1942
B) 2 L × 1.06 qt/1 L = 2.12 qt
C) 24.95 min × 1 hr/60 min = 0.4158 hr
D) 12.0 ft x 12 in/1 ft × 2.54 cm/ 1 in = 370 cm
E) 24.0 kg × 1 lb/2.20 kg = 11 lb
24.95 min × 1 hr/60 min = 0.4158 hr
What is the correct answer for the calculation of a volume (in mL) with measured numbers 28.58/16 × 8.02?
A) 0.22 mL
B) 0.223 mL
C) 57 mL
D) 14 mL
E) 14.3 mL
0.22 mL
When 2610 + 11.7 + 0.22 are added, the answer to the correct number of decimal places is
A) 2621.92
B) 2621.9
C) 2622
D) 2620
E) 2600
2620
What is the answer, with the correct number of decimal places, for this problem?
4.392 g + 102.40 g + 2.51 g =
A) 109.302 g
B) 109 g
C) 109.3 g
D) 109.30 g
E) 110 g
109.30 g
The correct answer for the addition of 7.5 g + 2.26 g + 1.311 g + 2 g is
A) 13.071 g
B) 13 g
C) 13.0 g
D) 10 g
E) 13.1 g
13 g
Which of the following measurements are NOT equivalent?
A) 25 mg = 0.025 g
B) 183 L = 0.183 kL
C) 150 msec = 0.150 sec
D) 84 cm = 8.4 mm
E) 24 dL = 2.4 L
84 cm = 8.4 mm
In which of the following is the metric unit paired with its correct abbreviation?
A) microgram / mg
B) milliliter / mL
C) centimeter / km
D) kilogram / cg
E) gram / gm
milliliter / mL
Which of the following is the largest unit?
A) millimeter
B) micrometer
C) meter
D) decimeter
E) kilometer
kilometer
What is the metric relationship between grams and micrograms?
A) 1 g = 100 μg
B) 1 g = 1,000,000 μg
C) 1 g = 0.000001 μg
D) 1 g = 1000 μg
E) 1 g = 0.001 μg
1 g = 1,000,000 μg
What is the conversion factor for the relationship between millimeters and centimeters?
A) 1 mm/ 1 cm
B) 10 mm/ 1 cm
C) 1 cm/ 1 mm
D) 100 mm/ 1 cm
E) 10 cm/ 1 mm
10 mm/ 1 cm
Which of the following is the smallest unit?
A) gram
B) milligram
C) kilogram
D) decigram
E) microgram
microgram
The cubic centimeter has the same volume as a
A) cubic inch
B) cubic liter
C) milliliter
D) centimeter
E) cubic decimeter
Milliliter
9.31 g is the same mass as
A) 931 μg
B) 931 kg
C) 93.1 cg
D) 9310 mg
E) 0.0931 dg
9310 mg
According to the United States Food and Drug Administration, the recommended daily requirement of protein is 44 g. This is __________ of protein.
A) 1248.5 oz
B) 320,000 oz
C) 1.6 oz
D) 0.0605 oz
E) 150,000 oz
1.6 oz
Which of the following setups would convert centimeters to feet?
A) cm × 2.54 in/1 cm × 1 ft/12 in
B) cm × 2.54 cm/1 in × 12 in/ 1 ft
C) cm × 1 in/ 2.54 cm × 1 ft/ 12 in
D) cm × 1 in/ 2.54 cm × 12 in/ 1 ft
E) cm × 2.54 cm/1 in × 1 ft/12 in
cm × 1 in/ 2.54 cm × 1 ft/ 12 in
A conversion factor set up correctly to convert 15 inches to centimeters is
A) 100 cm/1 m
B) 1 inch/2.54 cm
C) 1 cm/10 mm
D) 2.54 cm/1 inch
E) 10 cm/1 inch
2.54 cm/1 inch
How many pounds are in 3.5 kg?
A) 7.7 lb
B) 1.59 lb
C) 0.629 lb
D) 1.6 lb
E) 7.70 lb
7.7 lb
How many liters of soft drink are there in 5.25 qt?
A) 4950 L
B) 55.7 L
C) 4.95 L
D) 5.57 L
E) 5.0 L
4.95 L
What is 6.5 m converted to inches?
A) 1700 in
B) 1651 in
C) 39 in
D) 260 in
E) 255.9 in
260 in
How many kilograms are in 30.4 lb?
A) 13.8 kg
B) 14 kg
C) 67 kg
D) 66.99 kg
E) 66.9 kg
13.8 kg
A nugget of gold with a mass of 521 g is added to 50.0 mL of water. The water level rises to a volume of 77.0 mL. What is the density of the gold?
A) 10.4 g/mL
B) 6.77 g/mL
C) 1.00 g/mL
D) 0.0518 g/mL
E) 19.3 g/mL
19.3 g/mL
A dose of aspirin of 5.0 mg per kilogram of body weight has been prescribed to reduce the fever of an infant weighing 8.5 pounds. The number of milligrams of aspirin that should be administered is
A) 19 mg
B) 53 mg
C) 1.6 mg
D) 5.0 mg
E) 0.59 mg
19 mg
A doctor’s order is 0.125 g of ampicillin. The liquid suspension on hand contains 250 mg/5.0 mL. How many milliliters of the suspension are required?
A) 0.0025
B) 3.0 mL
C) 2.5 mL
D) 6.3 mL
E) 0.0063 mL
2.5 mL
Which of the following substances will float in gasoline, which has a density of 0.66 g/mL?
A) table salt (d = 2.16 g/mL)
B) balsa wood (d = 0.16 g/mL)
C) sugar (d = 1.59 g/mL)
D) aluminum (d = 2.70 g/mL)
E) mercury (d = 136 g/mL)
balsa wood
What is the mass of 2.00 L of an intravenous glucose solution with a density of 1.15 g/mL?
A) 0.023 kg
B) 2.30 kg
C) 1.15 kg
D) 0.015 kg
E) 0.58 kg
2.30 kg
Mercury has a specific gravity of 13.6. How many milliliters of mercury have a mass of 0.35 kg?
A) 0.0257 mL
B) 0.026 mL
C) 25.7 mL
D) 26 mL
E) 4760 mL
26 mL
What is the density of a substance with a mass of 45.00 g and a volume of 26.4 mL?
A) 1.70 g/mL
B) 1.7 g/mL
C) 25.7 mL
D) 26 mL
E) 4760 mL
26 mL
What is the mass of 53 mL of ethyl alcohol, which has a density of 0.79 g/mL?
A) 67.1 g
B) 41.9 g
C) 42 g
D) 67 g
E) 53 g
42 g
A liquid has a volume of 34.6 mL and a mass of 46.0 g. What is the density of the liquid?
A) 1.00 g/mL
B) 1.33 g/mL
C) 0.752 g/mL
D) 1330 g/mL
E) 0.663 g/mL
1.33 g/mL
The density of a solution is 1.18 g/mL. Its specific gravity is
A) 11.8
B) 0.118
C) 0.847
D) 1.18
E) 1.2
1.18
Diamond has a density of 3.52 g/mL. What is the volume in cubic cm of a diamond with a mass of 15.1 g?
A) 4.3 cm^3
B) 4.29 cm^3
C) 0.233 cm^3
D) 53 cm^3
E) 53.2 cm^3
4.29 cm^3
The ratio of the mass of a substance to its volume is its
A) specific gravity
B) density
C) buoyancy
D) weight
E) conversion factor
density
The EPA limit for the lead in the soil of play areas is 400 ppm. This is the same as
A) 400 mg lead in each gram of soil
B) 400 g lead in each kilogram of soil
C) 400 mg lead in each kilogram of soil
D) 400 μg lead in each kilogram of soil
E) 400 μg lead in each milligram of soil
400 mg lead in each kilogram of soil
Which of the following is often used to determine an individual’s percentage of body fat?
A) temperature
B) height
C) weight loss
D) weight gain
E) density
density
A 50.0 mL urine sample has a mass of 50.7 g. The specific gravity of the urine is
A) 1.014 g/mL
B) 0.986 g/L
C) 1.01
D) 0.986
E) 50.7
1.01
An example of kinetic energy is
A) a coiled spring
B) running water
C) a tree
D) natural gas
E) chemical energy
running water
The energy associated with the motion of particles in a substance is called
A) temperature
B) electrical energy
C) heat
D) chemical energy
E) potential energy
heat
Which of the following is an example of potential energy?
A) chewing food
B) water stored in a reservoir
C) burning wood
E) riding an exercise bike
water stored in a reservoir
The phrase “ability to do work” is a definition of
A) specific heat
B) energy
C) calorie
D) heating
E) cooling
energy
The energy stored in chemical bonds is
A) specific heat
B) kinetic energy
C) potential energy
D) work
E) a calorie
potential energy
The energy of motion is referred to as
A) work
B) freezing
C) specific heat
D) potential energy
E) kinetic energy
kinetic energy
Global warming is believed to result from all of the following except
A) burning of fossil fuels
B) increasing levels of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere
C) deforestation
D) movement of the earth closer to the sun
E) carbon dioxide trapping the heat produced by the sun
movement of the earth closer to the sun
In which of the following would the particles move most rapidly?
A) ice at -20°C
B) water at 20°C
C) steam at 110°C
D) boiling water
E) ice at 0°C
steam at 110°C
650 J is the same amount of energy as
A) 155 cal
B) 2720 cal
C) 650 cal
D) 1550 cal
E) 2.72 cal
155 cal
3.25 kcal is the same amount of energy as
A) 3.25 J
B) 0.777 J
C) 777 J
D) 13600 J
E) 13.6 J
13600 J
A potato contains 20 g of carbohydrate. If carbohydrates have a caloric value of 4 kcal/g, how man kcal are obtained from the carbohydrates in the potato?
A) 5 kcal
B) 20 kcal
C) 40 kcal
D) 60 kcal
E) 80 kcal
80 kcal
One cup of kidney beans contains 15 g of protein, 1 g of fat, and 42 g of carbohydrate. How many kilocalories, to two significant figures, does this sample contain? (the caloric values are: 4 kcal/g for carbohydrate, 9 kcal/g for fat, and 4 kcal/g for protein.)
A) 60 kcal
B) 88 kcal
C) 230 kcal
D) 240 kcal
E) 520 kcal
240 kcal
A cheeseburger from a fast food restaurant contains 19 g of fat, 20 g of carbohydrate, and 28 g of protein. How many kcal of energy does the cheeseburger contain?
A) 70 kcal
B) 360 kcal
C) 17 kcal
D) 630 kcal
E) 280 kcal
360 kcal
A serving of fish contains 50 g protein and 4 g of fat. If protein has a caloric value of 4 kcal/g and fat has 9 kcal/g, how many kcal are in the serving? Give the answer to 2 significant figures.
A) 240 kcal
B) 54 kcal
C) 470 kcal
D) 220 kcal
E) 490 kcal
240 kcal
A slice of pizza contains 28g of carbohydrate, 13g of protein and fat. if the pizza contains 280 kcal, how many grams of fat are present?
A) 28 g
B) 13 g
C) 10 g
D) 55 g
E) 250 g
13 g
The dietary calorie is equal to
A) 1000 kcals
B) 1000 cals
C) 100 cals
D) 10 cals
E) 1 calorie
1000 calories
A temperature of 41°F is the same as
A) 5°C
B) 310°C
C) -9°C
D) 16°C
E) 42°C
5°C
If the temperature is 20°C, what is the corresponding temperature on the Fahrenheit scale?
A) -22°F
B) 68°F
C) 43°F
D) 239°F
E) 94°F
68°F
If the temperature is -55°F, what is the corresponding temperature on the Kelvin scale?
A) 225 K
B) 218 K
C) 55 K
D) 273 K
E) 328 K
225 K
A patient has a temperature of 38.5°C. What is the temperature in degrees Fahrenheit?
A) 70.5°F
B) 311°F
C) 126.9°F
D) 101.3°F
E) 11.7°F
101.3°F
The temperature of liquid nitrogen is -196°C. What is the corresponding reading on the Kelvin scale?
A) 77 K
B) -127 K
C) -91 K
D) 48 K
E) 146 K
77 K
On a hot day, the thermometer read 95°F. What is the temperature in degrees Celsius?
A) 77°C
B) 113°C
C) 35°C
D) 63°C
E) 178°C
35°C
Absolute zero is
the coldest temperature possible
The specific heat of a substance is the amount of heat needed to
raise the temperature of 1 g of the substance by 1°C
A kilocalorie of heat is required to raise the temperature of
100 g of water by 10°C
How many calories are required to raise the temperature of a 35.0 g sample of iron from 25°C to 35°C? Iron has a specific heat of 0.108 cal/g °C.
A) 38 cal
B) 1.1 cal
C) 3.8 cal
D) 93 cal
E) 130 cal
38 cal
How many calories are required to raise the temperature of a 150 g sample of gold from 25°C to 175°C? The specific heat of gold is 0.0308 cal/g °C.
A) 4.62 cal
B) 116 cal
C) 22500 cal
D) 693 cal
E) 130 cal
693 cal
How many calories are required to increase the temperature of 13 g of alcohol from 11°C to 23°C? The specific heat of alcohol is 0.59 cal/g °C.
A) 83 cal
B) 0.63 cal
C) 92 cal
D) 0.54 cal
E) 170 cal
92 cal
The specific heat of copper is 0.093 cal/g °C, and the specific heat of silver is 0.057 cal.g °C. If 100 cal of heat is added to one g of each metal at 25°C, what is the expected result?
A) The copper will reach a higher temperature
B) The silver will reach a higher temperature
C) The two samples will reach the same temperature
D) The copper will reach a temperature lower than 25°C
E) The silver will soften
The silver will reach a higher temperature
Which of the following quantities is NOT required to calculate the amount of heat energy required to heat water from 25°C to 55°C?
A) the mass of the water sample
B) the initial temperature
C) the final temperature
D) the specific heat of water
E) the heat of vaporization for water
the heat of vaporization of water
Raising the temperature of 10.0 g of water from 10.0°C to 20.0°C requires 100.0 cal of energy, while raising the temperature of 10.0 g of aluminum from 10.0°C to 20.0°C requires 22 cal. More calories are required to heat the water because
A) water is a liquid and aluminum is a solid at 10.0°C
B) ten grams of water occupies a larger volume than 10.0 g of aluminum
C) water has a greater potential energy than aluminum
D) water has a larger specific heat than aluminum
E) 10.0°C is closer to the melting point of water than to the melting point of aluminum.
water has a larger specific heat than aluminum
The number of calories needed to raise the temperature of 32 g of water from 12°C to 54°C is
A) 384 cal
B) 1.3 cal
C) 1300 cal
D) 1700 cal
E) 0.76 cal
1300 cal
Which of the following is a property of a solid?
A) It takes the shape of the container
B) It fills the volume of the container
C) The particles move at a rapid rate
D) The interactions between its particles are very week
E) The particles have fixed positions and are very close together
The particles have fixed positions and are very close together
In a gas, the distance between the particles is
very large relative to the size of the molecules
Which of the following is a physical property of both liquids and gases?
has randomly arranged particles
Which of the following properties describes a liquid?
particles are close together and move randomly
If the heat of fusion for water is 80 cal/g, how many calories are needed to melt 45.0 g of ice at 0°C?
A) 3.6 cal
B) 3.6 × 10^3 cal
C) 1.8 cal
D) 80 cal
E) 0.56 cal
3.6 × 10^3 cal
The formation of a gas resulting from the escape of high-energy particles from the surface of a liquid is known as
evaporation
When a solid is converted directly to a gas, the change of state is called
sublimation
The heat of fusion for water is 80 cal/g. How many calories of heat are released when 20.0 g of water at 0°C is frozen to ice?
A) 600 cal
B) 1600 cal
C) 2000 cal
D) 2200 cal
E) 0 cal
1600 cal
The heat of fusion for water is 80 cal/g. How many calories of heat are needed to melt a 35 g ice cube that has a temperature of 0°C?
A) 2300 cal
B) 1600 cal
C) 2800 cal
D) 540 cal
E) 0 cal
2800 cal
The heat of vaporization for water is 540 cal/g. How many kilocalories are needed to change 22 g of liquid water to steam at 100°C?
A) 540 kcal
B) 12 kcal
C) 12000 kcal
D) 25 kcal
E) 1.8kcal
12 kcal
If the heat of vaporization for water is 540 cal/g, how many calories are released when 5.00 g of steam is converted to liquid at 100°C?
A) 540 kcal
B) 5.0 kcal
C) 110 kcal
D) 2.7 kcal
E) 5.4 kcal
2.7 kcal
Which of the following does NOT involve a change of state?
A) melting ice
B) freezing water
C) vaporization of alcohol
D) sublimation of dry ice
E) pouring water into a vacuum-insulated bottle
pouring water into a vacuum-insulated bottle
True/False
As heat is removed from a solid, its temperature decreases.
True
True/False
Water vapor is a gas
True
True/False
When liquid is boiling, its temperature does not change.
True
True/False
Steam at 100°C holds the same of amount of heat as water at 100°C.
False
True/False
The temperature at which water melts and freezes is the same.
True
True/False
Water freezes at 100°C.
False
True/False
The heat of fusion of water is larger than the heat of vaporization.
False
True/False
Carbohydrates and proteins have the same caloric value per gram.
True
True/False
Condensation occurs when a liquid is converted to a solid.
False
Helium is a(n)
A) compound
B) heterogeneous mixture
C) element
D) homogenerous mixture
E) electron
element
Air is a(n)
A) compound
B) heterogeneous mixture
C) element
D) homogeneous mixture
E) none of the above
homogeneous mixture
Coins in a piggy bank is a(n)
A) compound
B) heterogeneous mixture
C) element
D) homogenerous mixture
E) none of the above
heterogenous mixture.
Gold in a ring is a(n)
A) compound
B) heterogeneous mixture
C) element
D) homogenerous mixture
E) none of the above
element
The primary substances of which all other things are composed are
A) molecules
B) compounds
C) elements
D) electrons
E) protons
elements
Au is the symbol for
A) gold
B) silver
C) argon
D) aluminum
E) sodium
gold
Select the correct symbol for the element named.
Aluminum
A) Al
B) Am
C) Au
D) Sn
E) Ag
Al
Select the correct symbol for the element named.
Iron
A) Ir
B) Fs
C) Fe
D) In
E) FE
Fe
Select the correct symbol for the element named.
Sodium
A) So
B) Na
C) No
D) Sm
E) Au
Na
Select the correct symbol for the element named.
Mercury
A) Mr
B) Na
C) Au
D) Hg
E) Au
Hg
Potassium
A) P
B) Po
C) Pt
D) K
E) Ko
K
Which of the following is a characteristic of the modern periodic table?
A) A group is a horizontal row on the periodic table.
B) A period is a column on the periodic table.
C) The elements in each group have similar chemical properties
D) The B groups contain the representative elements
E) The A groups contain the transition elements
The elements in each group have similar chemical properties.
Which of the following is not a correct name, symbol combination?
A) beryllium, Be
B) magnesium, Mg
C) iron, I
D) manganese, Mn
E) silicon, Si
C) iron, I
Mg is a member of which family?
A) noble gases
B) halogens
C) alkaline earth metals
D) alkali metals
E) none of the above
C) alkaline earth metals
Ions are formed when atoms
A) gain or lose protons
B) gain or lose electrons
C) gain or lose neutrons
D) Each of these results in ion formation
E) None of these results in ion formation
B) gain or lose electrons
How many electrons are in Br-?
A) 4
B) 7
C) 34
D) 36
E) none of the above
D) 36
Isotopes are:
A) atoms of the same element that have different number of neutrons.
B) atoms of the same element that have different number of protons.
C) atoms of the same element that have different number of electrons.
D) atoms of the same element that have the same number of neutrons.
E) none of the above
A) atoms of the same element that have different number of neutrons.
A fictional element has two isotopes and an atomic mass of 87.08 amu. If the first isotope is 86 amu and the second isotope has a mass of 90 amu. Which isotope has the greatest natural abundance?
A) 86 amu
B) 90 amu
C) There are equal amounts.
D) Not enough information provided.
E) none of the above
A) 86 amu
How many oxygen atoms are in the formula Al₂(CO₃)₃?
A) 3
B) 9
C) 1
D) 6
E) none of the above
B) 9
Which of the following elements has only 12 protons?
A) C
B) Zn
C) Mg
D) O
E) none of the above
C) Mg
Complete the following:
Element: (a)
Symbol: ³⁶Cl
Protons: (b)
Neutrons: (c)
Electrons: (d)
Mass #: (e)
a) chlorine
b) 17
c) 19
d) 17
e) 36
Complete the following:
Element: (a)
Symbol: (b)
Protons: 30
Neutrons: (c)
Electrons: (d)
Mass #: 65
a) zinc
b) ⁶⁵Zn
c) 35
d) 30
Boron has two naturally occurring isotopes ¹⁰B and ¹¹B. What is the percent abundance of each if the atomic weight of Boron in nature is 10.81 amu. The atomic mass of ¹⁰B = 10.0129 amu and the atomic mass of ¹¹B=11.0093 amu. Make sure to use correct significant figures. For credit you must show comprehensible work.
atomic mass =
fraction of isotope 1 × mass of isotope 1
(+)
fraction of isotope 2 × mass of isotope 2
atomic mass B= 10.81 amu
atomic mass 10B =10.0129 amu
atomic mass 11B= 11.0093 amu
%10B = x
%11B = 1-x
10.81amu = (x)(10.0129amu)+ (1− x)(11.0093amu) 10.81amu = 11.0093amu − 0.9964xamu
.9964xamu = 0.20amu
x = .20
20.% ¹⁰B and 80.%¹¹B
What are the names of the following elements:
Mo
Mg
Ag
Sn
Mo = molybdenum
Mg = magnesium
Ag = Silver
Sn = tin
Predict the most likely ion formed by:
Br
Mg
Ca
Al
Br⁻
Mg²⁺
Al³⁺
Ca²⁺
All of the following statements about different elements are true EXCEPT:
A) Barium is an alkaline earth metal.
B) Manganese is a transition metal.
C) Sulfur is considered a metalloid.
D) Krypton is one of the noble gases.
E) Iodine is a halogen.
C) Sulfur is considered a metalloid.
When an atom gains an electron, the resulting particle is called
A) a proton
B) an anion
C) a cation
D) an isotope
E) none of the above
B) an anion
Which of the following elements is a noble gas?
A) chlorine
B) nitrogen
C) bromine
D) oxygen
E) argon
E) argon
Identify the noble gas in the following list:
A) chlorine
B) helium
C) oxygen
D) gold
E) nitrogen
B) helium
The number of electrons in the outer shell of a neutral atom of Boron (atomic number 5) is:
A) 3
B) 5
C) 8
D) 2
E) 10
A) 3
Which of the following is NOT true for atoms ¹³N, ¹⁴N and ¹⁵N?
A) They all have the same atomic mass
B) They all have the same mass number
C) They all have 7 electrons
D) They are isotopes
E) They all have 7 protons
B) They all have the same mass number
Consider a neutral atom with 30 protons and 34 neutrons. The number of electrons in this atom is:
A) 94
B) 32
C) 30
D) 34
E) 64
C) 30
How many protons are in an isotope of sodium with a mass number of 25?
A) 14
B) 11
C) 15
D) 32
E) 35
B) 11
Which of the following gives the correct number of protons, neutrons and electrons in a neutral atom of ¹¹⁸Sn?
A) 118 protons, 118 neutrons, 50 electrons
B) 118 protons, 50 neutrons, 118 electrons
C) 50 protons, 68 neutrons, 50 electrons
D) 50 protons, 50 neutrons, 50 electrons
E) 68 protons, 68 neutrons, 50 electrons
C) 50 protons, 68 neutrons, 50 electrons
Which element would have physical and chemical properties similar to chlorine?
A) S
B) P
C) O
D) Br
E) Ar
D) Br
Which of the following is a characteristic of the modern periodic table?
A) A period is a column on the periodic table
B) The elements in each group have similar chemical properties
C) A group is a horizontal row on the periodic table
D) The A groups contain the transition elements
E) The B groups contain the representative elements
B) The elements in each group have similar chemical properties
What is the symbol of the element in Period 4 and Group 2?
A) Mg
B) Ca
C) Si
D) C
E) Be
B) Ca
What is the mass number of an atom of potassium that has 20 neutrons?
A) 35
B) 39
C) 19
D) 59
E) 15
B) 39
An isotope has a mass number of 74 and contains 42 neutrons. What is the group number of that element?
A) 2
B) 13
C) 14
D) 3
C) 14
Two atoms always represent the same element if they have
A) the same number of neutrons.
B) the same number of protons.
C) the same mass number.
D) the same number of shells.
B) the same number of protons.
An atom of ³⁵Cl weighs 34.96885 amu. Its isotopic abundance is 75.77%. An atom of ³⁷Cl weighs 36.96590 amu. Its isotopic abundance is 24.23%. Use these data to calculate the atomic mass of chlorine.
A) 35.97 amu
B) 35.45 amu
C) 34 amu
D) 36 amu
B) 35.45 amu
What is the name of the group that includes the elements magnesium, calcium, and barium?
A) halogens
B) alkali metals
C) noble gases
D) alkaline earth metals
D) alkaline earth metals
Which of these elements is/are in the second period?
chlorine, iron, silver, sodium,
oxygen, helium, magnesium, beryllium
A) beryllium and oxygen
B) sodium, magnesium, and chlorine
C) helium
D) beryllium and magnesium
A) beryllium and oxygen
An element that contains 16 protons and 16 neutrons has the chemical symbol
A) ¹⁶S
B) ³²Ge
C) ³²S
D) ¹⁶Ge
C) ³²S
How many protons and how many electrons are in an oxygen ion that has a -2 charge?
A) There are eight electrons and eight protons in an O2- ion.
B) There are eight electrons and six protons in an O2- ion.
C) There are ten electrons and eight protons in an O2- ion.
D) There are eight electrons and ten protons in an O2- ion.
C) There are ten electrons and eight protons in an O2- ion.
Two atoms are isotopes if they have the same
A) number of neutrons and a different number of electrons.
B) number of neutrons and a different number of protons.
C) number of protons and electrons.
D) the same number of protons and a different number of neutrons.
D) the same number of protons and a different number of neutrons.
An atom of ¹⁶O weighs 15.994915 amu. Its isotopic abundance is 99.757%. An atom of ¹⁷O weighs 16.999132 amu. Its isotopic abundance is 0.0378%. An atom of ¹⁸O weighs 17.999160 amu. Its isotopic abundance is 0.2050%. Use these data to calculate the atomic mass of oxygen.
A) 15.999 amu
B) 16.998 amu
C) 17 amu
D) 16.00 amu
A) 15.999 amu
What is the name of the group that includes the elements chlorine, bromine, and iodine?
A) alkaline earth metals
B) noble gases
C) alkali metals
D) halogens
D) halogens
Which statement is true?
A) Rutherford demonstrated that cathode rays are composed of charged particles.
B) Dalton believed that atoms were indivisible.
C) Thomson demonstrated that the majority of the mass of the atom was combined into a nucleus.
D) All of the above are true statements.
B) Dalton believed that atoms were indivisible.
Which of these elements is/are in the third period?
chlorine, hydrogen, boron, sodium,
oxygen, helium, magnesium, beryllium
A) chlorine, sodium, and magnesium
B) sodium and hydrogen
C) boron, oxygen, and helium
D) beryllium and boron
A) chlorine, sodium, and magnesium
An element that contains 18 protons and 22 neutrons has the chemical symbol
A) ⁴⁰Ar
B) ¹⁸S
C) ¹⁸Zr
D) ⁴⁰Zr
A) ⁴⁰Ar
What is the most common charge for aluminum and for bromine?
A) Aluminum will have a -5 charge and bromine will have a +7 charge.
B) Aluminum will have a +3 charge and bromine will have a -1 charge.
C) Aluminum will have a +5 charge and bromine will have a -1 charge.
D) Aluminum will have a -3 charge and bromine will have a -1 charge.
C) Aluminum will have a +5 charge and bromine will have a -1 charge.
What is the simplest binary compound that can form between strontium and oxygen?
A) SrO
B) SrO₂
C) Sr₂O
D) Sr₂O₂
A) SrO
Which of these is the formula for carbonate?
A) CO₂³⁻
B) CO₃⁻
C) CO₃²⁻
D) CO₂⁻
C) CO₃²⁻
Which of these elements will require a Roman numeral when naming ionic compounds formed from it?
Cr, Ca, C, Co, Cs
A) Cr and Co
B) Ca, C, and Cs
C) Ca and Co
D) Cr, Ca, and Co
A) Cr and Co
What is the name of Cu(ClO₂)₂?
A) copper(II) chlorite
B) copper chloride
C) copper(II) chlorate
D) copper chlorine dioxide
A) copper(II) chlorite
What is the name of XeF₂?
A) xenon difluoride
B) monoxenon difluoride
C) xenon fluoride
D) xenon difluorate
A) xenon difluoride
What is the name of the acid that forms from the polyatomic ion NO₃⁻ and from the polyatomic ion Br⁻?
A) nitrous acid and hydrobromic acid
B) nitric acid and hydrobromic acid
C) nitric acid and hydrobromide acid
D) nitrous acid and hydrogen bromide acid
B) nitric acid and hydrobromic acid
What is the formula for hypofluorous acid?
A) HFO
B) HFO₃
C) HFO₄
D) HFO₂
What is the formula for ammonium dichromate?
A) (NH₄)₂Cr₂O₇
B) Al₂Cr₂
C) NH₄Cr₂O₇
D) AlCr₂O₄
What is the formula for manganese(VI) chloride?
A) Mn(ClO₂)₆
B) MnCl₄
C) MnCl₆
D) Mn(ClO₂)₄
Which of these compounds will be named using prefixes?
NiO, KCN, ClO₂, NH₄I

A) NiO and NH₄I
B) ClO₂ and NiO
C) KCN
D) ClO₂

What is the name of CN⁻?
A) carbon(IV) nitride
B) cyanide
C) carbon mononitride
D) carbon nitride
Which of the following statements about atoms is FALSE?
A) Atoms compose all matter.
B) Atoms are responsible for the sensation of smell.
C) Atoms are the basic building block of nature.
D) An atom is the smallest identifiable unit of an element.
E) All of the above statements are true.
E) All of the above statements are true.
Which statement below accurately describes the contributions of Dalton?
A) ancient Greek philosopher who proposed that matter was continuous
B) created the modern periodic table
C) proposed the modern Atomic Theory
D) discovered the existence of electrons
E) none of the above
C) proposed the modern Atomic Theory
Which of the following is not part of Dalton’s Atomic Theory?
A) Each element is composed of tiny indestructible particles called atoms.
B) All atoms of a given element have the same mass and other properties that distinguish them from the atoms of other elements.
C) Atoms combine in simple, whole-number ratios to form compounds.
D) Most of the atom’s mass and all of its positive charge is contained in a small core called the nucleus.
E) All of the above are part of the atomic theory.
D) Most of the atom’s mass and all of its positive charge is contained in a small core called the nucleus.
Which statement below accurately describes the contributions of Thomson?
A) ancient Greek philosopher who proposed that matter was continuous
B) created the modern periodic table
C) proposed the modern Atomic Theory
D) discovered the existence of electrons
E) none of the above
D) discovered the existence of electrons
Which of the statements about the discovery of electrons is FALSE?
A) Because atoms are neutral, the existence of a negatively charged particle implied there must be a positively charged component of an atom.
B) Thomson proposed that electrons were small particles held within a positively charged sphere.
C) Rutherford proved the plum-pudding model correct.
D) The negatively charged electron is located outside the nucleus.
E) All of the above statements are true.
C) Rutherford proved the plum-pudding model correct.
Which statement below is NOT consistent with the nuclear theory of the atom as proposed by Rutherford?
A) Most of the atom’s mass and all of its positive charge is contained in a small core called the nucleus.
B) Electrical charge is a fundamental property of protons and electrons in which like charges repel and opposite charges attract.
C) Most of the volume of the atom is empty space occupied by tiny, negatively charged electrons.
D) There are as many electrons outside the nucleus as there are protons inside the nucleus in a neutral atom.
E) All of the above statements are consistent.
B) Electrical charge is a fundamental property of protons and electrons in which like charges repel and opposite charges attract.
Which statement reflects the results of Rutherford’s gold foil experiments?
A) Most all of the alpha particles were deflected back in the direction from which they came.
B) Many alpha particles sputtered gold atoms off of the surface of the foil.
C) Many alpha particles were deflected while passing through the foil.
D) Most all of the alpha particles passed directly through the foil.
E) none of the above
D) Most all of the alpha particles passed directly through the foil.
The atomic mass unit is defined as:
A) the mass of the hydrogen atom containing only one proton.
B) the mass of electrons found in a carbon atom containing six protons and neutrons.
C) 1/12 the mass of a carbon atom containing six protons and six neutrons.
D) 1/14 the mass of a nitrogen atom containing 7 protons and 7 neutrons.
E) none of the above
C) 1/12 the mass of a carbon atom containing six protons and six neutrons.
Which of the following statements about the nature of electrical charge is FALSE?
A) Electrical charge is a fundamental property of protons and electrons.
B) Positive and negative electrical charges attract each other.
C) Positive-positive or negative-negative charges repel each other.
D) Positive and negative charges cancel each other so that a proton and electron, when paired, are charge neutral.
E) All of the above statements are true.
E) All of the above statements are true.
Which of the following subatomic particles has a mass of 1.67 x 10−27 kg ?
A) electrons only
B) protons only
C) neutrons only
D) protons and neutrons
E) none of the above
D) protons and neutrons
Metals are located where on the periodic table?
A) left side
B) right side
C) middle
D) zig-zag diagonal line
E) none of the above
A) left side
Nonmetals are located where on the periodic table?
A) left side
B) right side
C) middle
D) zig-zag diagonal line
E) none of the above
B) right side
Metalloids are located where on the periodic table?
A) left side
B) right side
C) middle
D) zig-zag diagonal line
E) none of the above
D) zig-zag diagonal line
Group 1A elements are also called:
A) noble gases.
B) halogens.
C) alkaline earth metals.
D) alkali metals.
E) none of the above
D) alkali metals.
Group 7A elements are also called:
A) noble gases.
B) halogens.
C) alkaline earth metals.
D) alkali metals.
E) none of the above
B) halogens.
Group 8A elements are also called:
A) noble gases.
B) halogens.
C) alkaline earth metals.
D) alkali metals.
E) none of the above
A) noble gases.
Group 2A elements are also called:
A) noble gases.
B) halogens.
C) alkaline earth metals.
D) alkali metals.
E) none of the above
C) alkaline earth metals.
Identify the element that is a nonmetal, a gas, and has an elemental symbol that starts with the letter “A”.
A) Ac
B) Ar
C) Au
D) Al
E) none of the above
B) Ar
What is the term for the amount of energy required to raise one gram of water one degree on the Celsius scale?
A) Calorie
B) calorie
C) joule
D) kilocalorie
E) none of the above
B) calorie
According to the metric system, 1 Gg = ________ g.
A) 1 x 10¹²
B) 1 x 10⁹
C) 1 x 10⁶
D) 1 x 10³
E) none of the above
B) 1 x 10⁹
If a 250 mL beaker weighs 95.4 g, what is the mass in kilograms?
A) 0.0954 kg
B) 0.954 kg
C) 95.4 kg
D) 95,400 kg
E) none of the above
A) 0.0954 kg
If Earth is 1.50 x 108 km from the Sun, what is the distance in Gm?
A) 1.50 x 10⁻¹ Gm
B) 1.50 x 10² Gm
C) 1.50 x 10⁵ Gm
D) 1.50 x 10²⁰ Gm
E) none of the above
B) 1.50 x 10² Gm
If a copper wire is 195 cm long, what is the length in inches? A) 43.0 in.
B) 76.8 in.
C) 195 in.
D) 495 in.
E) 885 in.
B) 76.8 in.
If a water bottle contains 375 mL, what is the volume in quarts?
A) 0.396 qt
B) 0.826 qt
C) 1.21 qt
D) 2.52 qt
E) 355,000 qt
A) 0.396 qt
A sample of lime gold is: 14.0 g gold, 7.0g silver, and 3.0 g copper. What is the percent copper in the sample?
A) 3.0%
B) 13%
C) 29%
D) 58%
E) 67%
B) 13%
If a steel solid has a volume of 46.5 cm3, what is the volume in cubic inches?
A) 2.84 in.³
B) 7.21 in.³
C) 18.3 in.³
D) 118 in.³
E) 762 in.³
A) 2.84 in.³
The measurement 0.000 0043 m, expressed correctly using scientific notation, is
A) 4.3 × 10⁻⁷ m.
B) 4.3 × 10⁻⁶ m.
C) 4.3 × 10⁶ m.
D) 0.43 × 10⁻⁵ m.
E) 4.3 m.
B) 4.3 × 10⁻⁶ m.
How many significant figures are in the number 0.00208?
A) six
B) two
C) three
D) four
E) five
C) three
When 2610 + 11.7 + 0.22 are added, the answer to the correct number of decimal places is __________.
A) 2621.92
B) 2621.9
C) 2621
D) 2620
E) 2600
D) 2620
How many calories are required to increase the temperature of 13 g of alcohol from 11 °C to 23 °C? The specific heat of alcohol is 0.588 cal/g °C.
A) 83 cal
B) 0.63 cal
C) 92 cal
D) 0.54 cal
E) 170 cal
C) 92 cal
How many centimeters are there in 57.0 in.?
If a dog breathes 35 times per minute, how many breaths will he take in 1 week?
The energy of motion is referred to as ______________________________.
J is the same amount of energy as ________ cal.
How many calories are required to increase the temperature of 13 g of alcohol from 11 °C to 23 °C? The specific heat of alcohol is 0.59 cal/g °C.
What is the electron configuration for potassium?
How many protons are in an isotope of sodium with a mass number of 25?
Calculate the number of protons, neutrons and electrons in each of the following:
a. ²³⁷Np
b. ⁴⁰Ar
c. ³⁵Cl⁻
d. ¹⁴N
e. ⁵⁶Co³⁺
What is the electron configuration for:
a. Iodine
b. Nickel
c. Helium
d. Fluorine
What is a compound?
A) the simplest form of a substance
B) a combination only of 3 elements
C) a combination of 2 or more elements
D) a place where people are held
C) a combination of 2 or more elements
What is a mixture?
A) a combination of elements to make a new substance
B) a chemically combined substance
C) a combination of substances where new substances are formed through a reaction
D) a combination of substances in which the atoms of the substance do not chemically combine
D) a combination of substances in which the atoms of the substance do not chemically combine
What is the simplest form that cannot be broken down to anything simpler?
A) element
B) solution
C) compound
A) element
A substance that contains only one type of atom is a(n)
A) compound
B) element
C) heterogeneous mixture
D) homogeneous mixture
B) element
Which of these is a pure substance?
B) table salt
C) garden soil
D) sea water
B) table salt
A combination of particles of one or more substance that are distributed uniformly throughout another substance is a/an
A) Mixture
B) Substance
C) Solution
C) Solution
Can a mixture be separated?
A) No
B) Yes
C) Only sometimes
B) Yes
Which of the following is a homogeneous mixture?
A) salt
B) water
C) sugar
D) a sugar-water solution
D) a sugar-water solution
This type of mixture contains two or more substances that are visibly distinguishable.
A) homogeneous
B) heterogeneous
C) solution
D) colloid
B) heterogeneous
KoolAid an example of a ___________.
A) solution
B) mixture
C) gas
D) plasma
A) solution
If they are not the same throughout, they are called…
A) Homogeneous
B) Heterogeneous
C) Compounds
D) Pure substance
B) Heterogeneous
Can only be separated by chemical means.
A) element
B) mixture
C) compound
C) compound
It is a pure substance containing two or more different kinds of atoms.
A) element
B) mixture
C) compound
C) compound
It is considered a solution.
A) Heterogeneous
B) Homogeneous
C) Pure substance
B) Homogeneous