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Chapter 9- behavioral therapy

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Behavior Therapy characteristics
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-treatment goals are stated in concrete objective terms, objective assessments of the results of therapy -focuses on assessing overt and observable behavior directly -treatment interventions are individualized to meet the needs of the client -insight is not seen as important
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Main goal of behavioral therapy
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-Eliminating maladaptive learning and providing for more effective learning -create new conditions of learning -BT is grounded in the principles of learning
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Systematic Desensitization
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Wople’s systematic desensitization is based on the principle of classical conditioning
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Cognitive behavioral therapy
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Mainstream therapy that tends to integrate cognitive therapy and current behavior therapy is cognitive behavior therapy
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Skinner’s view of controlling behavior is based on the principles of
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operant conditioning= Type of learning in which behaviors are influenced mainly by the consequences that follow them
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The function of the behavior therapists includes:
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1. providing modeling for the client 2. to apply his or her skills in developing a treatment plan 3. to assess specific behavior problems, 4. to provide reinforcements for clients Therapists summarize, reflect, clarify, ask questions, gather information about the problem, formulate and implement treatment plan goals, promote generalization and maintenance of behavior change, evaluate progress, conduct follow-up assessments, and role model for clients because clients tend to emulate the therapist
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Relationship factors:
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needed but not sufficient
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Examples of exposure based therapies
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-Systematic desensitization -Flooding -In vivo desensitization
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Therapy assumptions
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All behavior is learned
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Application for behavior therapy
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BT is a clinical approach that can be used to treat a variety of disorders, in various types of settings, and with a wide range of special population group (such as individual therapy, group therapy, classrooms, and institutions)
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Exposure based therapies
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Reduce anxiety through pairing a feared stimulus with a competing response
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Human nature:
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the person is the producer and the product of his or her environment Bandura stated that determinism is wrong because it does not account for human being’s capacity to affect their environment
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When trying to decide between punishment and reinforcement…
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the key is to use the least aversive means possible
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Multimodal therapy
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a comprehensive, systematic holistic approach to behavior therapy developed by Arnold Lazarus and grounded in social learning and cognitive theory
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BASIC ID:
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the idea that the complex personality of human beings can be divided into 7 major areas of functioning