Chapter 9, 10, 11 Speech test

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If speakers don’t simply select an idea, what do they do?
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They build an idea choosing a speech purpose selecting a purpose selecting a subject and narrowing it to a speech topic
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Define: Speech to entertain
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A speech to keep the audience’s attention. Usually humorous. Get it keep it
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Define: Speech to inform.
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The audience learns a new subject / learns new information about a topic. Teach
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Define: Speech to persuade.
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To change the audience’s attitude or behavior. attitude and behavior.
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Define: controlling purpose.
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The primary purpose of a speech (most important) 1st entertain , 2nd Inform, 3rd Persuade
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Define: hidden agenda.
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When the purpose is left unstated or hidden by another purpose (rarely use this)
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What problems may arise from using a hidden agenda?
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The audience doesn’t understand, they can disregard your purpose because you weren’t emphasizing it , or they can be angry because you were deceiving them
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To find a topic what three things must be considered?
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Consider your needs, your audience’s needs, and the demands of the situation.
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What is an occasion?
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A specific event within the situation
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List six guidelines to consider in order to suit yourself (the speaker).
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Are you interested Do you have experience or info Can you find further info Will you enjoy talking about it Are there other topics that suit your audience and occasion you’d rather speak on Does it entertain inform or persuade / complete the purpose
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List seven guidelines to consider in order to suit the audience.
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Will the audience be interested(how it affects them) Can you interest the audience Does the audience need to know it Will it offend anyone What does the audience already know Will it be fresh info or not Does the topic allow the audience to be one of the three things . Expect to be entertained informed or persuaded. Does the topic allow you to meet those expectations
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List seven guidelines to consider in order to suit the occasion.
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does the occasion have a special purpose Is the audience together for a special reason Does the topic fit the expectations of the audience Are you comfortable Serious or light tone Topic fit into three categories/ require a speech to Can you give it in time
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Who are purpose statements written for?
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The speakersÂŽ use
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Who are thesis statements written for?
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The audience
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What two things should a purpose statement do?
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Control speech prep narrow topic
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What three things should a purpose statement specify?
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The audience, The subject, The result
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What does a thesis communicate?
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State your topic and your position so they know what to expect. Purpose does it do that NEVER START WITH THESIS
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What three reasons make a thesis statement necessary?
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The audience expects it helps the audience follow your ideas Shapes the audience expectations
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Identify and explain the four necessary qualities of a good thesis.
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Generating interest: Keeps the audience entertained Being precise: It better explains what your talking about Being concise: The audience won’t get bored/ few words as possible Avoiding categorical terms: They are difficult to support (all, none)
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What does narrowing a topic help a speaker do?
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Makes the speech more manageable
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List the four guidelines to follow in order to deliver a speech effectively.
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Be natural, lively, appropriate, and pair delivery with message.
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What gives one the confidence that lets one be himself?
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Being prepared
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A speaker who has dynamism has what?
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A speaker who has an energetic, lively, active ,or assertive style.
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Good delivery is appropriate for what?
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The situation purpose and audience
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Why are speeches often more effective than written messages?
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The human element. (delivery like facial expression…)
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Define: fluent
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They flow without unnecessary interruption.
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What is a delivery format?
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Method of presenting a speech. (how)
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What are the four delivery formats?
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Impromptu, Extemporaneous, Manuscript ,and Memorized.
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Explain impromptu delivery.
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Delivery that is unrehearsed and presented without notes or prior planning.
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How does one present a clearly organized impromptu speech?
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It must have a clear message and be organized
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Explain extemporaneous delivery.
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You rely on an outline or notes.
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What do notes for extemporaneous delivery contain?
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Key words and phrases that remind you of your ideas
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What is the key to effective extemporaneous delivery?
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Practice
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What does a manuscript delivery require?
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The speaker to write out every word of a speech
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Why do contest speakers use manuscripts?
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So they can adjust to certain time limits, prep to memorize, and verify they wrote it themselves.
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How may a manuscript affect delivery?
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It doesn’t sound as natural. Lose eye contact, limited gestures, lose place.
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What does memorized delivery require?
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Preparing a manuscript and presenting from memory.
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What are two situations that call for memorized delivery?
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Contest speaking and professional speaking.
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Which type of delivery requires no prior work?
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Impromptu
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. Which type of delivery cannot be adapted to the situation and the audience during delivery?
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Manuscript/ memorized
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When outlining, what is the rule of thumb as far as notes and speech time is concerned?
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A few words to guide 15-30 seconds of speaking.
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Define: transitions
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Words and phrases that connect ideas in one part of a speech to another.
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List the steps involved in preparing a manuscript for a speech.
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Outline, talk it through, talk through each section, re speak it then re-write it, then make a clean final copy
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For effective delivery of a manuscript speech, what are two major problems you’ll have to deal with?
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Reduced eye contact and unnecessary pauses
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A technique used to improve eye contact without a Tele Promp Ter is what?
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Write the whole speech on the top third of the paper
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How does one handle questions and answers after a speech?
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Anticipate questions, restate the question, be polite, relate to the audience, Admit what you don’t know.
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List and explain four good reasons for learning how to evaluate speeches.
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Becoming a better speech consumer, providing feedback, learning from others, Appreciating speeches as art.
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List the five general methods to evaluate a speech.
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Judging results, Judging content, judging ethics, judging artistic qualities (manner of delivery), using a combined approach (judge multiple things)
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Judging results means you must determine what? – and then decide what?
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Decide what they want to accomplish and if they do so
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When judging on content, what should one analyze?
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The specific purpose
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What should judging content also include?
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Supporting materials, facts ,stats
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When judging ethics, what does the audience determine?
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If they are lying or not
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When judging artistic qualities, one must consider what?
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The manner of delivery the language and organization and overall impact.
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By using a combined approach, in evaluating speeches, one can look at what?
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Content and delivery
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List the 8 guidelines for evaluating speeches.
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Be positive, give suggestions, avoid personal remarks, be fair, avoid personal opinions, allow for individuality, be specific, be realistic
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When evaluating speeches, one should encourage speakers by commenting on what?
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Find good and bad parts
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If one observes a weakness, what should one do in addition to identifying it?
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Suggest ways to fix it
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List the four steps for making suggestions.
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Make specific observations, review the criteria, determine if speech meets that criteria, make suggestions
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When you evaluate a speech, you should not attack what or whom?
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Anyone on a personal level
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To be fair, one should set reasonable standards for evaluations. However, one should be sure the standards fit what?
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Fit the Sit, purpose, audience, and level of skill
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To avoid personal opinions, criticize only what?
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Elements that would be a problem to the listeners (more than one)
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In order to be realistic, comment only on what?
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the things speaker can control
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List the five questions you should ask when you are the one being evaluated.
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Is the criticism consistent with what you’ve learned are good public speaking practices? Is the criticism consistent with the comments of others? Have you received similar comments? Is it related to something they can control? Is the criticism on an external factor and how to avoid it. Is it a result of a closed mind or difference of opinion you should take into account.
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When evaluating a speech, one should base the comments and the evaluation form on what three things?
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The speakerÂŽs purpose, the use you’ll make of the evaluation, and the use the speaker will make of the evaluation.
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In general, the teacher will grade speeches for what two reasons?
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Help to prepare future speeches Help compare to other students Grade
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Explain the differences between the two types of evaluation forms presented in this book.
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Open-ended forms / Checklists require less writing / complex
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In order to do a self-evaluation before your speech, what must one do?
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Practice before you deliver. use form as guideline
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What should one use to evaluate effectiveness during a speech?
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The audience
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What should one do after the speech to self-evaluate (short of recording the speech)?
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look at your notes and indicate work areas. Make list of delivery problems you noticed .
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Name a few careers, which require the ability to analyze a speech critically.
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Editor, columnist, politician , reporter, and commentator
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What do rhetorical critics do?
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They analyze and evaluate for professionals

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