chapter 8 psychology

One disadvantage of the longitudinal design is:
the lengthy amount of time involved
Many researchers believe that ________ is necessary to break away from childhood dependence on parents and become self-sufficient adults.
conflict and rebellion
A child who criticizes his parent for speeding because speeding is against the law is demonstrating ________ morality.
conventional
Wakefield’s study linking the MMR vaccine to autism ______________________________________.
has been discredited
Early in life, infants will demonstrate their personalities through their _________________.
temperaments
In Eleanor Gibson and Michael Walk’s classic study:
babies showed depth perception by refusing to crawl over the “visual cliff.”
The visual cliff experiment showed that babies have:
some depth perception
Erikson believed that:
social interactions were important in development
Pete and Evelyn are decorating the room for the baby they are expecting. To ensure that the baby’s room provides appropriate stimulation, the couple seek the advice of a developmental psychologist, who tells them that newborns prefer to look at:
human faces
In his theories of development, Piaget focused on ______________________.
the child’s internal cognitive development
Vygotsky emphasized the importance of social interactions in cognitive development, whereas ________ stressed the importance of the child’s interactions with objects.
Piaget
At birth, infants show a preference for ________ tastes.
sweet
_________ is a recessive gene disorder that can result in severe intellectual disabilities.
PKU
________ is carried by recessive genes and inherited when a child inherits two recessive genes.
Cystic fibrosis
Genes are located on:
chromosomes
During critical periods:
environmental influences can have an impact on a developing infant
The most likely time for a miscarriage is in the:
first 3 months
The process by which an egg cell (or an ovum) and a sperm cell unite is called:
fertilization
Sylvia is a middle-aged woman who volunteers as a youth coordinator at her church and as a Girl Scout leader. She is developing what Erikson referred to as:
generativity
The changes that women experience 5 to 10 years prior to menopause are:
perimenopause
In Erikson’s view, unfinished issues of identity lead to ______ in young adulthood.
isolation
The cessation of ovulation and the menstrual cycle is called:
menopause
Martin, who is male, and Martina, who is female, are twins. What type of twins MUST they be?
dizygotic
The _______ believe that a person who has died is in the underworld.
Navajo