Chapter 8 Med Term

Visual examination of the abdomen; minimally invasive surgery
laparoscopy

Orifice
opening

Outer membrane surrounding the developing embryo
chorion

Pseudocyesis
false pregnancy

Painful sexual intercourse
dyspareunia

-rrhagia
bursting forth

Both colp/o and vagin/o mean
vagina

removal of a breast
mastectomy

tube carrying milk within breast
lactiferous duct

Accumulation of fluid in the spaces of the brain; can occur in a neonate
hydrocephalus

Leukorrhea may be associated with
Cervicitis

Pieces of the inner lining of the uterus are ectopic
Endometriosis

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Use of cold temperatures to destroy tissue
cryosurgery

X-ray examination of the uterus and the fallopian tubes
hysterosalpingography

Period of pregnancy
gestation

Both galact/o and lact/o mean
milk

Reproductive organs
genitalia

Removal of internal and reproductive organs in the region of the hip
Pelvic exenteration

Both -cyesis and gravid/o mean
pregnancy

Withdrawl of fluid by suction with a needle
aspiration

Give the meaning of the prefix uni-
one

specialty concerned with the study and treatment of newborns
neonatology

First menstrual period
menarche

Oophor/o
ovary

multi-
many

metro/o
uterus

Removal of an ovary
oophorectomy

Scraping of tissue
curettage

Incision of the perineum during childbirth
Episiotomy

Tying off the fallopian tubes; sterilization procedure
tubal ligation

Condition during pregnancy marked by hypertension, proteinuria and edema
preeclampsia

Removal of a cone shaped section of the cervix for biopsy
conization

Type of bacteria found as a common cause of pelvic inflammatory disease
Chlamydia

Removal of an infant through an incision of the abdominal wall
cesarean section

Abnormal growth of tissue in the neck of the uterus
cervical dysplasia

Accumulation of fluid in the spaces of the brain and can occur in a neonate
hydrocephalus

Abnormal location of the organ connecting the infant and the mother
placenta previa

Benign tumor in the uterus; fibroid
leiomyoma

x-ray examination of the breast
mammography

Widening of the cervix and scraping the lining of the uterus
dilation and curettage

Examination by touch
palpation

Narrowing of the opening of the stomach to the intestine in a newborn
pyloric stenosis

Visual examination of the abdominal cavity; a form of minimally invasive surgery
laparoscopy

Embryo is not implanted in the uterus
ectopic pregnancy

hyster/o
uterus

Tissue from the inner lining of the uterus is found in abnormal locations
endometriosis

Inflammation of the vulva and vagina
vulvovaginitis

Inflammation of the cervix
cervicitis

Muscle layer of the uterus
myometrium

Woman who has had more than one live birth
multipara

No menstrual period
amenorrhea

Branch of medicine concerned with pregnancy and childbirth
obstetrics

Malignant tumor of the ovary
ovarian carcinoma

Collections of fluid within a sac in the ovary
ovarian cysts

Inflammation of the lower section of the uterus
cervicitis

Malignant tumor of the breast
carcinoma of the breast

Malignant tumor of the uterus
carcinoma of the endometrium

Tissue from the lining of the uterus is located outside of the uterus
endometriosis

Inflammation and infection of organs in the pelvic region
pelvic inflammatory disease

Malignant cells within the cervix
carcinoma of the cervix

Numerous small sacs of fibrous connective tissue and fluid in the breast
fibrocystic disease

Benign tumors in the uterus
fibroids

Pigmented area around the nipple of the breast
areola

-parous
to bear

Removal of the fallopian tubes and ovaries
Bilateral salpingo-oorphorectomy

ovul/o and o/o mean
egg cell

-cyesis
pregnancy

A woman who has had 3 miscarriages and 2 live births
Grav 5, para 2

Part of the vulva
Labia majora

Physicians effort to turn the fetus during delivery
Cephalic Version

Yellowish discharge from the vagina
leukorrhea

Surgical puncture to remove fluid from the cul-de-sac
culdocentesis

Galact/o
milk

Ovarian hormone that sustains pregnancy
progesterone

Tissue lying between the anus and vagina
perineum

Pertaining to no egg production
anovulatory

Pus in a fallopian tube
pyosalpinx

Nulli-
no

Both metr/o and hyster/o mean
uterus

Finger-like ends of the fallopian tubes are called
fimbriae

Malignant tumor that is localized and not invasive
carcinoma in situ

Respiratory disorder in the neonate
Hyaline membrane disease

Burning tissue with chemicals or an electrically heated instrument
cauterization

Female organ of sexual stimulation; located anterior to the urethra
clitoris

Displaced placenta with implantation in lower region of the uterus
placenta previa

Premature separation of a normally implanted placenta
abruptio placentae

Excessive discharge of blood from the uterus between menstrual periods
menometrorrhagia

Adnexa uteri
Ovaries and fallopian tubes

mamm/o and mast/o mean
breast

Hormone produced by an endocrine gland located below the brain
Follicle-stimulating hormone

-parous
bearing

Act of giving birth
parturition

Rapid labor
oxytocia

Coitus
sexual intercourse

Both episi/o and vulv/o mean
vulva

Oligi/o
scanty

Cone-shaped section of the cervix is removed
conization

-pareunia
sexual intercourse

Myom/o
muscle tremor

Pseudo-
false

Visual examination of the vagina
colposcopy

Enlargement of breasts in a male
gynecomastia

Liquid produced by the fetal membranes that surrounds the fetus throughout pregnancy
amniotic fluid

Pertaining to the outermost layer of the two membranes surrounding the embryo
chorionic

Inflammation of the inner lining of the cervix
endocervicitis

Abnormal, persistent discharge of milk from the breast
galactorrhea

Surgical puncture to remove fluid from the area between the rectum and the vagina
culdocentesis

Incision of the vulva
episiotomy

Normal production of milk from the breast
lactation

Episi/o
vulva

Gradual ending of menstruation
menopause

Dilation
widening

Gestation
period of pregnancy

Menstruation
monthly discharge of blood and cells from the uterus

Parturition
act of giving birth

coitus
sexual intercourse

Cauterization
burning to remove tissue

Progesterone
hormone necessary during pregnancy

Curettage
scraping to remove tissue

-gravida
pregnant

Pertaining to newborn
neonatal

Measurement of hCG in urine or blood is a test for
pregnancy

male or female reproductive cell; sperm or ovum
gamete

Difficult labor and delivery
dystocia

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