Chapter 7 Multiple Choice – Flashcards

question
During the elementary school years, children grow an average of __________ inches a year. A) 1 to 2 B) 2 to 3 C) 3 to 4 D) 4 to 5
answer
B) 2 to 3
question
Which of the following statements regarding body growth and proportion in the elementary school years is true? A) Proportional changes are among the least pronounced in middle and late childhood. B) Children gain an average of 15 to 20 pounds per year during this period. C) Children triple their strength capabilities during these years. D) Boys are usually stronger than girls.
answer
D) Boys are usually stronger than girls.
question
Which of the following statements regarding motor development in middle and late childhood is true? A) Boys are usually better at fine motor skills, whereas girls outperform boys at gross motor skills. B) Children gain greater control over their bodies and can sit for longer periods of time; therefore, their lives should be less activity-oriented. C) Motor development becomes much smoother and more coordinated. D) Improved gross motor skills appear in the form of handwriting development.
answer
C) Motor development becomes much smoother and more coordinated.
question
At what age do children begin to show motor manipulative skills similar to the abilities of adults? A) 6 years B) 7 years C) 8 to 10 years D) 10 to 12 years
answer
D) 10 to 12 years
question
Regarding exercise and sports in middle and late childhood, which of the following statements is true? A) Children's use of television, computers, and video games has increased their amount of physical activity. B) Eighty percent of children were not involved in any daily physical education in 1999. C) Girls are more physically active than boys in this age group. D) Participation in sports has only positive consequences for children.
answer
B) Eighty percent of children were not involved in any daily physical education in 1999.
question
What is the most common form of cancer in children? A) Leukemia B) Retinoblastoma C) Mesothelioma D) Colorectal cancer
answer
A) Leukemia
question
In childhood, being overweight is more common among: A) boys. B) Caucasians. C) girls. D) those who exercise regularly.
answer
C) girls.
question
Approximately ____% of all children in public schools in the United States have a learning disability. A) 2 B) 5 C) 8 D) 11
answer
B) 5
question
Which learning disability is marked by difficulty with handwriting? A) dyslexia B) dyscalculia C) dysgraphia D) dysgeusia
answer
C) dysgraphia
question
__________ is a learning disability whereby individuals have a severe impairment in their ability to read and spell. A) Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder B) Dyslexia C) Leukemia D) Ritalin
answer
B) Dyslexia
question
The individualized education plan (IEP): A) is a public law describing mandates for service to children with disabilities. B) is a written statement describing a program for a student with a disability. C) describes a setting that is as similar as possible to the one in which children who do not have a disability are educated. D) requires educating a student with special needs partially in a regular classroom.
answer
B) is a written statement describing a program for a student with a disability.
question
Piaget characterized the thought of those in middle and late childhood as: A) concrete operational. B) formal operational. C) preoperational. D) sensorimotor.
answer
A) concrete operational.
question
The activity of ordering stimuli along a quantitative dimension is best described as: A) transitivity. B) operations. C) classification. D) seriation.
answer
D) seriation.
question
Which of the following is a criticism of Piaget's theory that is supported by recent research? A) Piaget underestimated children's competence. B) He placed too much emphasis on culture and education. C) Children cannot be trained to reason at higher levels. D) Piaget's theory was not divided into clear-cut stages.
answer
A) Piaget underestimated children's competence.
question
Mental age divided by chronological age multiplied by 100 yields a(n): A) normal distribution. B) triarchic intelligence score. C) intelligence quotient. D) frame of mind.
answer
C) intelligence quotient.
question
Who proposed the triarchic theory of intelligence that divides intelligence into analytical, creative, and practical components? A) Howard Gardner B) Robert Sternberg C) Alfred Binet D) David Wechsler
answer
B) Robert Sternberg
question
The majority of people who are mentally retarded experience _________ retardation. A) profound B) severe C) moderate D) mild
answer
D) mild
question
Gifted children are typically: A) average scorers on intelligence tests. B) difficult to motivate. C) maladjusted. D) precocious.
answer
D) precocious.
question
Which educational approach involves teaching children in their native language while gradually introducing English? A) brainstorming B) bilingual education C) whole-language approach D) basic-skills-and-phonetics approach
answer
B) bilingual education
question
__________, which refers to knowledge about language, develops considerably during the elementary school years. A) Metalinguistic awareness B) Alphabetic principle C) Grammatical mastery D) Pragmatics
answer
A) Metalinguistic awareness
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question
During the elementary school years, children grow an average of __________ inches a year. A) 1 to 2 B) 2 to 3 C) 3 to 4 D) 4 to 5
answer
B) 2 to 3
question
Which of the following statements regarding body growth and proportion in the elementary school years is true? A) Proportional changes are among the least pronounced in middle and late childhood. B) Children gain an average of 15 to 20 pounds per year during this period. C) Children triple their strength capabilities during these years. D) Boys are usually stronger than girls.
answer
D) Boys are usually stronger than girls.
question
Which of the following statements regarding motor development in middle and late childhood is true? A) Boys are usually better at fine motor skills, whereas girls outperform boys at gross motor skills. B) Children gain greater control over their bodies and can sit for longer periods of time; therefore, their lives should be less activity-oriented. C) Motor development becomes much smoother and more coordinated. D) Improved gross motor skills appear in the form of handwriting development.
answer
C) Motor development becomes much smoother and more coordinated.
question
At what age do children begin to show motor manipulative skills similar to the abilities of adults? A) 6 years B) 7 years C) 8 to 10 years D) 10 to 12 years
answer
D) 10 to 12 years
question
Regarding exercise and sports in middle and late childhood, which of the following statements is true? A) Children's use of television, computers, and video games has increased their amount of physical activity. B) Eighty percent of children were not involved in any daily physical education in 1999. C) Girls are more physically active than boys in this age group. D) Participation in sports has only positive consequences for children.
answer
B) Eighty percent of children were not involved in any daily physical education in 1999.
question
What is the most common form of cancer in children? A) Leukemia B) Retinoblastoma C) Mesothelioma D) Colorectal cancer
answer
A) Leukemia
question
In childhood, being overweight is more common among: A) boys. B) Caucasians. C) girls. D) those who exercise regularly.
answer
C) girls.
question
Approximately ____% of all children in public schools in the United States have a learning disability. A) 2 B) 5 C) 8 D) 11
answer
B) 5
question
Which learning disability is marked by difficulty with handwriting? A) dyslexia B) dyscalculia C) dysgraphia D) dysgeusia
answer
C) dysgraphia
question
__________ is a learning disability whereby individuals have a severe impairment in their ability to read and spell. A) Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder B) Dyslexia C) Leukemia D) Ritalin
answer
B) Dyslexia
question
The individualized education plan (IEP): A) is a public law describing mandates for service to children with disabilities. B) is a written statement describing a program for a student with a disability. C) describes a setting that is as similar as possible to the one in which children who do not have a disability are educated. D) requires educating a student with special needs partially in a regular classroom.
answer
B) is a written statement describing a program for a student with a disability.
question
Piaget characterized the thought of those in middle and late childhood as: A) concrete operational. B) formal operational. C) preoperational. D) sensorimotor.
answer
A) concrete operational.
question
The activity of ordering stimuli along a quantitative dimension is best described as: A) transitivity. B) operations. C) classification. D) seriation.
answer
D) seriation.
question
Which of the following is a criticism of Piaget's theory that is supported by recent research? A) Piaget underestimated children's competence. B) He placed too much emphasis on culture and education. C) Children cannot be trained to reason at higher levels. D) Piaget's theory was not divided into clear-cut stages.
answer
A) Piaget underestimated children's competence.
question
Mental age divided by chronological age multiplied by 100 yields a(n): A) normal distribution. B) triarchic intelligence score. C) intelligence quotient. D) frame of mind.
answer
C) intelligence quotient.
question
Who proposed the triarchic theory of intelligence that divides intelligence into analytical, creative, and practical components? A) Howard Gardner B) Robert Sternberg C) Alfred Binet D) David Wechsler
answer
B) Robert Sternberg
question
The majority of people who are mentally retarded experience _________ retardation. A) profound B) severe C) moderate D) mild
answer
D) mild
question
Gifted children are typically: A) average scorers on intelligence tests. B) difficult to motivate. C) maladjusted. D) precocious.
answer
D) precocious.
question
Which educational approach involves teaching children in their native language while gradually introducing English? A) brainstorming B) bilingual education C) whole-language approach D) basic-skills-and-phonetics approach
answer
B) bilingual education
question
__________, which refers to knowledge about language, develops considerably during the elementary school years. A) Metalinguistic awareness B) Alphabetic principle C) Grammatical mastery D) Pragmatics
answer
A) Metalinguistic awareness
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