Chapter 6, Painting – Art Appreciation V01

question

The binding agent that powdered pigment is mixed with to form paint is known as the __________.
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vehicle
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True fresco, or __________, is executed on damp __________.
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buon fresco; lime plaster
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In Giotto’s 14th-century painting Lamentation, joints can clearly be seen that break the blue sky into numerous sections. This occurred because of the ___________.
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limitations of fresco
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The ancient Egyptians and Greeks tinted their sculptures with __________ to give them a lifelike appearance.
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encaustic
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While painting the Egypto-Roman Mummy Portrait of a Man, the artist found it necessary to keep the __________ at a constant temperature.
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molten wax
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The traditional composition of tempera, rarely used today, consisted of __________.
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egg, pigment, and water
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In both tempera and oil painting, the surface of the wood or canvas is covered with a ground of powdered chalk or plaster and animal glue known as __________.
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gesso
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Fifteenth-century artist Gentile da Fabriano applied thinly hammered sheets of gold to his Adoration of the Magi tempera panel using a technique known as __________.
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gilding
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Rembrandt used __________ to create his oil-on-board painting of the Head of St. Matthew.
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impasto
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Pop artist Roy Lichtenstein’s portrait of George Washington is an oil-on-canvas image that most resembles a(n) __________.
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comic-book hero
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Helen Oji’s Mount St. Helen’s is an opaque impasto composition in the shape of a __________.
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Japanese kimono
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Contemporary watercolor is referred to as __________, made up of pigments and a vehicle of __________.
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aquarelle; gum arabic
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The fluidity and portability of watercolor has often lent itself to__________.
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rapid sketches and preparatory studies
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Master graffiti artists almost always add \”tags\” to their artworks, which are __________.
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stylized signatures
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Ralph Going’s Rock Ola is a contradiction of what we normally consider when we think of a watercolor on paper because the work is considered to be __________
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Photorealism
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The Synthetic Cubists were the first to create papiers collés, or collages, in the early 20th century. The two major figures of this movement were __________.
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Picasso and Braque
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Gilbert Stuart’s 18th-century traditional portrait of George Washington achieves a realistic likeness largely through __________.
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modeling

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