Chapter 4 – Cultures of the World

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institution
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custom or organization with social, educational, or religious purposes
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cultural diffusion
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the movement of customs and ideas
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nuclear family
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father, mother, and children
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extended family
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a family that includes several generations
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cultural landscape
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the parts of a people’s environment that they have shaped
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social structure
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a pattern of organized relationships among groups of people within a society
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acculturation
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When one country changes ideas or customs borrowed from another
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society
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A group of people who share a culture
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civilization
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an advanced culture with cities and a system of writing
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culture
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the way of life of a group of people; includes their occupation, behavior and beliefs
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When geographers study human-environment interaction,
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they learn how people and their environment affect each other.
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The rapid exchange of ideas in the computer age has increased
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the rate of cultural change.
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family
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the social unit most responsible for teaching customs and traditions of a culture
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language, social class, and religious beliefs
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three important features of a culture
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cultural changes
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happen as a result of technological discoveries and inventions, shifts in the natural environment, and the spread of new ideas
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the invention of tools and the ability to control fire
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two of the four major advances in technology that influenced the development of early cultures
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the beginnings of agriculture and civilization including a system of writing
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other advances in technology that also influenced the development of early cultures
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the Agricultural Revolution
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a time historians refer to when people went from hunting and gathering their food to relying on farming and herding
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family
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the most basic social unit of any culture
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nuclear family
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In developed nations, this is the basic unit.
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three important features of a culture
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language, social class, and religious beliefs
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Today, people from all over the world
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can communicate quickly and easily.
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social class
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a grouping of people based on rank or status

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