Chapter 26: Essays (Originals and Summaries)

question

Explain the impact of the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor. 4 points, 7 sentences
answer

•Japanese leaders had hoped that their lightning strikes at Pearl Harbor and other American bases in the South Pacific would destroy the US Pacific Fleet. •The Roosevelt administration would not accept Japanese domination of the Pacific. The Japanese leader thought that the American people had been made soft by material indulgence. The Japanese miscalculated. •The attack on Pearl Harbor unified American opinion about becoming involved in the war. The US now joined with European nations and Nationalist China in a combined effort to defeat Japan. •Believing American involvement in the Pacific would make the US ineffective in the European theater of war, Hitler declared war on the US four days after Pearl Harbor.
question

What were the causes of Germany’s setback in Russia? 3 points, 3 sentences
answer

•Hitler invaded Russia in June and believed the Russians would be divisively defeated before winter. •However, winter came early and Germany was not prepared for winter warfare. •Also, the Germans encountered a fierce Russian resistance.
question

Explain the source of tension between the United States and the Soviets at Potsdam. 3 points, 3 sentences
answer

•The United States wanted the Eastern European governments to be freely elected. •The Soviets insisted those governments to be pro-Soviet. •The conference attempted to reconcile two irreconcilable goals.
question

.
answer

.
question

*Summary* Explain the impact of the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor. 4 points, 6 sentences
answer

•The Japanese hoped that their lightning strikes on American bases in the Pacific would destroy the US fleets. •The Roosevelt administration would not tolerate Japanese domination of the Pacific. •The Japanese thought that Americans had turned soft, but they miscalculated. •The attack on Pearl Harbor unified Americans in becoming involved in the war. •The US joined with European countries and China to defeat Japan. •After Pearl Harbor Hitler declared war on the US because he believed American involvement in the Pacific would make them ineffective in Europe.
question

*Summary* What were the causes of Germany’s setback in Russia? 3 points, 3 sentences
answer

•Hitler invaded Russia in June and believed they would be defeated by winter. •However, winter came early and Germany was not prepared for winter warfare. •Also, the Germans encountered fierce Russian resistance.
question

*Summary* Explain the source of tension between the United States and the Soviets at Potsdam. 3 points, 3 sentences
answer

•The US wanted Eastern European governments to be freely elected. •The Soviets insisted these governments to be pro-Soviet. •The conference attempted to resolve two irresolvable goals.

Get instant access to
all materials

Become a Member