Chapter 2 Psychology Cross Word – Flashcards

question
Inhibitory
answer
neurotransmitter that causes the receiving cell to stop firing
question
Soma
answer
the cell body of the neuron, responsible for maintaining the life of the cell
question
Pineal
answer
endocrine gland located near the base of the cerebrum which secretes melatonin
question
Endocrine
answer
glands that secrete chemicals called hormones directly into the bloodstream
question
Axon
answer
long tube-like structure that carries the neural message to other cells
question
Neurotransmitter
answer
chemical found in the synaptic vesicles which, when released, has an effect on the next cell
question
Nerves
answer
bundles of axons coated in myelin that travel together through the body
question
Dendrites
answer
branch-like structures that receive messages from other neurons
question
Thyroid
answer
endocrine gland found in the neck that regulates metabolism
question
Corpus Callosum
answer
thick band of neurons that connects the right and left cerebral hemispheres
question
Central
answer
part of the nervous system consisting of the brain and spinal cord
question
Thalamus
answer
part of limbic system located in the center of the brain, it acts as a relay from the lower part of the brain to the proper areas of the cortex
question
Pancreas
answer
endocrine gland that controls the levels of sugar in the blood
question
Myelin
answer
fatty substance produced by certain glial cells that coat the axons of neurons to insulate, protect, and speed up the neural impulse
question
Neuron
answer
the basic cell that makes up the nervous system and which recieves and sends messages within that system
question
Agonists
answer
chemical substances that mimic or enhance the effects of a neurotransmitter on the receptor sites of the next cell
question
Cerebellum
answer
part of the lower brain that controls and coordinates involuntary, rapid, fine motor movement
question
Reuptake
answer
process by which neurotransmitters are taken back into the synaptic vesicles
question
Limbic
answer
a group of several brain structures located under the cortex and involved in learning, emotion, memory, and motivation
question
Hormones
answer
chemicals released into the bloodstream by endocrine glands
question
Amygdala
answer
brain structure located near the hippocampus, responsible for fear responses and memory of fear
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question
Inhibitory
answer
neurotransmitter that causes the receiving cell to stop firing
question
Soma
answer
the cell body of the neuron, responsible for maintaining the life of the cell
question
Pineal
answer
endocrine gland located near the base of the cerebrum which secretes melatonin
question
Endocrine
answer
glands that secrete chemicals called hormones directly into the bloodstream
question
Axon
answer
long tube-like structure that carries the neural message to other cells
question
Neurotransmitter
answer
chemical found in the synaptic vesicles which, when released, has an effect on the next cell
question
Nerves
answer
bundles of axons coated in myelin that travel together through the body
question
Dendrites
answer
branch-like structures that receive messages from other neurons
question
Thyroid
answer
endocrine gland found in the neck that regulates metabolism
question
Corpus Callosum
answer
thick band of neurons that connects the right and left cerebral hemispheres
question
Central
answer
part of the nervous system consisting of the brain and spinal cord
question
Thalamus
answer
part of limbic system located in the center of the brain, it acts as a relay from the lower part of the brain to the proper areas of the cortex
question
Pancreas
answer
endocrine gland that controls the levels of sugar in the blood
question
Myelin
answer
fatty substance produced by certain glial cells that coat the axons of neurons to insulate, protect, and speed up the neural impulse
question
Neuron
answer
the basic cell that makes up the nervous system and which recieves and sends messages within that system
question
Agonists
answer
chemical substances that mimic or enhance the effects of a neurotransmitter on the receptor sites of the next cell
question
Cerebellum
answer
part of the lower brain that controls and coordinates involuntary, rapid, fine motor movement
question
Reuptake
answer
process by which neurotransmitters are taken back into the synaptic vesicles
question
Limbic
answer
a group of several brain structures located under the cortex and involved in learning, emotion, memory, and motivation
question
Hormones
answer
chemicals released into the bloodstream by endocrine glands
question
Amygdala
answer
brain structure located near the hippocampus, responsible for fear responses and memory of fear
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