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Chapter 15 quiz 2

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During her weekly therapy sessions, Sabrina will often abruptly shift the focus of her attention and lose her train of thought. A psychoanalyst would suggest that this illustrates
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resistance.
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Who emphasized the importance of transference in the therapeutic process?
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Sigmund Freud
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Client-centered therapists emphasize the importance of
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enabling clients to feel unconditionally accepted.
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To help Adam reduce his fear of dogs, a therapist encourages him to physically relax and then simply imagine that he is walking toward a friendly and harmless little dog. The therapist’s technique best illustrates
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systematic desensitization.
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To help Janet overcome her nearly irresistible craving for chocolate, a therapist provides her with a supply of chocolate candies that contain solidified droplets of a harmless but very bitter-tasting substance. This approach to treatment best illustrates
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aversive conditioning.
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The goal of stress inoculation training is to reduce incapacitating anxiety by encouraging people to say positive things to themselves during anxiety-producing situations. This best illustrates a form of
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cognitive therapy.
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Many physicians did not realize that bleeding was an ineffective treatment for typhoid fever until researchers made effective use of
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a control group.
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Which of the following factors is NOT a therapeutically effective component of eye movement desensitization and reprocessing?
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rapidly moving one’s eyes
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The most effective psychotherapists are those who
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establish an empathic, caring relationship with their clients.
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Which of the following drugs is most likely to provide schizophrenia patients with some relief from their auditory hallucinations and paranoia?
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Thorazine
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Which of the following is a selective-serotonin-reuptake-inhibitor?
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Prozac
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Patients receive a general anesthetic and muscle relaxant prior to treatment with
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ECT.
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If a patient suffers uncontrollable seizures, physicians can destroy specific nerve clusters that cause or transmit the convulsions. This best illustrates a procedure known
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psychosurgery.
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Considering the greatest range of factors that may contribute to the process of healing is most clearly facilitated by a ________ approach to therapy.
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biopsychosocial
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Identifying and eliminating the socially stressful conditions that contribute to psychological disorders is of most central interest to the advocates of
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preventive mental health.