Chapter 13: Therapy (General Psychology)

Flashcard maker : Jose Escobar
Psychotherapy
any of a group of therapies used to treat psychological disorders and to improve psychological functioning and adjustment to life
Psychoanalysis
a type of psycho dynamic therapy developed by Freud; an intensive and prolonged technique for bringing unconscious conflicts into conscious awareness.
Free Association
in psychoanalysis, reporting whatever comes to mind without monitoring its contents.
Dream Analysis
in psychoanalysis. interpretation of the underlying true meaning of dreams to reveal unconscious processes.
Resistance
in psychoanalysis, the inability or unwillingness of a patient to discuss or reveal certain memories, thoughts, motives, or experiences.
Transference
in psychoanalysis, the process by which a client attaches (transfers) to a therapist feeling formerly held toward some significant person who figured in a past emotional conflict.
Interpretation
a psychoanalyst’s explanation of a patients free association, dreams, resistance, and transference; more that presents a patient’s problem in a new way.
Psycho dynamic Therapy
a type of therapy that focuses on conscious processes and current problems; a briefer, more directive, and more modern form of psychoanalysis.
Humanistic Therapy
a type of therapy that emphasizes maximizing a client’s inherent capacity for self-actualization by providing a non-judgmental, accepting atmosphere.
Client-centered Therapy
Roger’s humanistic approach to therapy, which emphasizes the client’s natural tendency to become healthy and productive; techniques include empathy, unconditional positive regard, genuineness, and active listening.
Empathy
In Roger’s terms, an insightful awareness and ability to share another’s inner experience.
Unconditional Positive Regard
Roger’s term for complete love and acceptance of another, such as a parent for a child, with no conditions attached.
Genuineness
In Rogerian terms, authenticity or congruence; the awareness of one’s true inner thoughts and feelings and being able to share them honestly with others.
Active Listening
listening with total attention to what another is saying; it includes reflecting, paraphrasing, and clarifying what the person says and means.
Cognitive Therapy
a type of therapy that treats problems, behaviors, and mental processes by focusing on faulty thought processes and beliefs.
Cognitive Restructuring
a process in cognitive therapy that is designed to change destructive thoughts or inappropriate interpretations.
Rational-Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT)
Ellis’s cognitive therapy that focuses on eliminating irrational emotional reactions through logic, confrontation, and examination of irrational beliefs.
Cognitive-Behavior Therapy (CBT)
a type of therapy that combines cognitive therapy (changing faulty thinking) with behavior therapy (changing maladaptive behaviors).
Behavior Therapy
a group of techniques based on learning principles to change maladaptive behaviors.
Systematic Desensitization
a behavioral therapy technique in which a client learns to prevent the arousal of anxiety by gradually confronting the feared stimulus while relaxed.
Aversion Therapy
a type of behavioral therapy characterized by the pairing of an aversion (unpleasant) stimulus with a maladaptive behavior in order to elicit a negative reaction to the target stimulus.
Modeling Therapy
a type of therapy characterized by watching and imitating models that demonstrate desirable behaviors.
Bio-medical Therapy
a treatment for psychological disorders that alters brain functioning with biological or physical interventions (for example, drugs, electro convulsive therapy, psycho-surgery).
Psycho pharmacology
the study of the effect of drugs on behavior and mental processes.
Anti anxiety drugs
medications used to reduce anxiety and decrease over aroused in the brain.
Anti psychotic drugs
medications used to diminish or eliminate hallucinations, delusions, withdrawal, and other symptoms of psychosis; also known as neuroleptics or major tranquilizers.
Mood-stabilizer drugs
medications used to treat the combination of manic episodes and depression characteristic of bipolar disorders.
Anti depressant drugs
medications used to treat depression, some anxiety disorders, and certain eating disorders (such as bulimia).
Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT)
a bio medical therapy based on passing electrical current through the brain; it is used almost exclusively to treat serious depression when drug therapy fails.
Psycho surgery
a neurosurgical alternation of the brain to bring about desirable behavioral, cognitive or emotional changes, which is generally used when patients have not responded to other forms of treatment; also called neurosurgery for mental disorder (NMD).
Lobotomy
an outmoded neurosurgical procedure for mental disorders, which involved cutting nerve pathways between the frontal lobes and the thalamus and hypothalamus.
Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (rTMS)
a bio medical treatments that uses repeated magnetic field pulses targeted at specific areas of the brain.
Eclectic approach
a perspective on therapy that combines techniques from various theories to find the most appropriate treatment.
Group Therapy
a form of therapy in which a number of people meet together to work toward therapeutic goals.
Self-help group
a leaderless or non professionally guided group in which members assist each other with a specific problem, as in Alcoholics Anonymous.
Maladaptation
is a trait that is (or has become) more harmful than helpful in contrast with an adaptation, which is more helpful than harmful.
Adaptive behavior
is a type of behavior that is used to adjust to another type of behavior or situation.
Neuroleptic
a term that refers to the effects of anti psychotic drugs on a patient, especially on his or her cognition and behavior.
Bulimia
a serious eating disorder marked by bringing, followed by methods to avoid weight gain.
Bipolar disorder/manic depression
is a mental illness characterized by periods of depression and periods of elevated mood.

Get instant access to
all materials

Become a Member