Chapter 13 A and P

question

Pleura
answer

Serous membrane that surrounds each lung is
question

Vocal cords
answer

Folds of mucous membrane called ______ vibrate to provide speech
question

Elastic
answer

_________ cartilage that protects the opening of the larynx is called the epiglottis
question

Hyaline
answer

Rings that reinforce the trachea are constructed of
question

Mouth and nose
answer

Air enters the trachea through the
question

Cilia
answer

______ lining the mucosa of the trachea beat continuously to propel contaminated mucus
question

Trachea
answer

Mucosa-lined windpipe that extends from the larynx to the level of the fifth thoracic vertabrae
question

Larynx
answer

________ routes air and food into their proper channels and plays an important role in speech production
question

Nasopharyngeal
answer

______ tonsil, or adenoid, is located high in the nasopharynx region
question

Nasopharynx, Oropharynx, Laryngopharynx
answer

three regions of the pharynx
question

Soft palate
answer

Posterior portion of the palate that is not supported by bone is
question

Superior, Middle, and inferior conchae
answer

Three mucosa-covered projections into the nasal cavity
question

Carbonic acid
answer

Carbon dioxide dissolves in water, it forms
question

Carbon monoxide
answer

Is an odorless, colorless gas which binds preferentially with the same binding site on hemoglobin as oxygen
question

Oxyhemoglobin
answer

Oxygen binds to hemoglobin to form what
question

Volume of air
answer

Respiratory capacities are measured with
question

Vital capacity
answer

The total amount of exchangeable air is known as
question

Tidal
answer

_______ volume is the air moved into and out of the lungs during normal quiet breathing
question

Pneumothorax
answer

Lung collapse
question

Peak flow
answer

Air flowing out of the lungs is
question

Diaphragm
answer

Inspiratory muscles that contract so we can inspire air are the
question

External respiration
answer

Gas exchange between the pulmonary blood and alveoli is called
question

Alveoli
answer

Smallest conducting passageways of the lungs are
question

Primary bronchi
answer

Division of the trachea produces two tubes called the right and left
question

Palatine and lingual tonsils
answer

Which tonsils are located in the oropharynx?
question

Palate
answer

Nasal cavity is separated from the oral cavity by
question

Traps viruses and protects opening to body
answer

What is the role of mucus?
question

Cilia
answer

What sweeps contaminated mucus from the nasal cavity
question

Humidify, purify, warm air and allows air to enter the lungs
answer

The respiratory conducting passageways perform all of the following functions
question

Respiratory zone
answer

Gas exchange occurs in
question

Surfactant
answer

__________ is a fatty molecule made by alveolar cells to reduce cells to reduce surface tension
question

Hyperventilation
answer

Breathing becomes deeper and more rapid
question

Carbon dioxide
answer

Most important stimulus for breathing in a healthy person is the body’s need to to rid itself of
question

Phrenic nerves
answer

The diaphragm and external intercostals is controlled by nerve impulses transmitted from the brain via the
question

Medulla oblongata and pons
answer

Portions of the brain that contain respiratory centers and set the breathing rate
question

Eupnea
answer

Normal respiratory rate of 12-15 breaths per minute is known as
question

Primary bronchi
answer

Structures that aren’t part of the respiratory system
question

Picks up bacteria, carbon particles, and other debris
answer

Function of an alveolar macrophage
question

Pleura
answer

Serous membrane covering the surface of the lungs
question

Apex
answer

Superior portion of each lung
question

True vocal cords
answer

Vibration due to exhaled air that results in speech is a function of
question

Epiglottis
answer

Flap of elastic cartilage that protects food from entering the larynx
question

Glottis
answer

Opening between the vocal cords
question

Speak
answer

Removal of the larynx, a person would be unable to
question

Nose/mouth, trachea, bronchi, lungs, bronchioles, alveoli
answer

Pathway air flows through the respiratory system
question

Nasopharynx
answer

Drains the inner ear and the pharynogotympanic tubes open into the
question

Nasopharynx
answer

Air from the nasal cavity enters the superior portion of the pharynx called the
question

500 mL
answer

Amount of air exchanged during normal quiet breathing is about
question

Residual
answer

After a forceful expiration, air still remains in the lungs. This volume is
question

Vital capacity
answer

Respiratory movement representing the total amount of exchangeable air
question

Pneumothorax
answer

Condition of a collapsed lung
question

Cough/sneeze
answer

Nonrespiratory air movement clears the upper respiratory passageways
question

Air leaves the lungs
answer

Expiration occurs when
question

Internal respiration
answer

Gas exchange that occurs between blood and tissue cells at systemic capillaries
question

Tidal volume
answer

Air moving in and out of the lungs during normal quiet breathing
question

Surfactant
answer

Lipid molecule critical to lung function that coats the gas-exposed alveolar surfaces
question

Diffusion
answer

Exchange of both oxygen and carbon dioxide through the respiratory membrane occurs by
question

Pulmonary ventilation, respiratory gas transport, external respiration, and internal respiration
answer

The following is the four main events of respiration
question

28-30 weeks of pregnancy
answer

Surfactant is usually present in fetal lungs in adequate quantities by
question

Smoking
answer

Accounts for the majority of cases of lung cancer
question

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
answer

Respiratory disease in which sufferers are often called “pink puffers”
question

Chronic airway obstruction
answer

feature of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
question

Increased carbon dioxide in the blood
answer

Most important chemical stimulus leading to increased rate and depth of breathing
question

Hyperventilation
answer

Dizziness, tingling in the lips, hands or feet, headache weakness, fainting and seizures are signs of
question

Extremely slow breathing
answer

Hypoventilation dramatically increases carbonic acid concentration and involves
question

Decrease in oxygen levels
answer

Hyperventilation is the body’s response to
question

Normal respiratory rate
answer

Breathing rate that represents eupnea
question

Oxyhemoglobin
answer

Oxygen is transported in the blood as
question

Pulmonary gas exchange
answer

Oxygen diffuses into surroundings cells and tissues during
question

Hemoglobin
answer

carbon dioxide dissolves in blood plasma for transport as
question

Sleep apnea
answer

age-related disorders is related to loss of elasticity of the lungs and hypoxia
question

Asthma
answer

Hypersensitive bronchial passages that respond to many irritants are characteristic of
question

SIDS
answer

Homeostatic imbalance associated with the death of many full-term newborn infatnts
question

highest
answer

Respiratory rate in infants is ________.
question

Smoking
answer

Most common cause of lung cancer
question

Infant Respiratory Distress Syndrome
answer

IRDS stands for

Get instant access to
all materials

Become a Member