Chapter 1/2 US History – Flashcards

question
How do scientists think people first migrated to the Americas?
answer
They walked from Asia across the Beringia land bridge.
question
To survive in different areas, native peoples had to learn to? (provide 2 examples).
answer
adapt to their environment, ate what was available, Used plants and animals for food, shelter, clothing
question
Which region best fits this description of its environment? • treeless grasslands • dense grasses • large buffalo herds
answer
Great Plains
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Native Americans in the Southeast built
answer
towns clustered around large earthen mounds.
question
Among the Iroquois-speaking people of the Eastern Woodlands, women were responsible for
answer
Planting and harvesting of crops
question
What Group of Native Americans used the buffalo to survive?
answer
Great Plains Native Americans
question
List the 4 ways that the native americans from the above question used this animal to survive.
answer
clothing, food, tools & shelter
question
Native Americans of the Southwest adapted to a desert climate by?
answer
thick-walled abobe houses
question
Native Americans of the Great Basin lived in a region offering?
answer
Limited food and water
question
Native Americans living on the Northwest Coast got most of their food from where? (provide 2 examples)
answer
The Oceans and waters that flowed in to the Oceans, salmon, seal, etc...
question
Christopher Columbus's 4 voyages across the Atlantic led to what?
answer
Discovered south Americas and Caribbean islands . Columbian exchange the transfer of people, plants, animals and germs between Europe and Americas.
question
Wherever Europeans settled in the Americas, Native Americans?
answer
Treated Harshly and Died because of disease!
question
After being overtaken by the English in 1664, New Netherland was renamed?
answer
New York
question
The Dutch in New Netherland prospered by?
answer
Fur Trade - traded fur for guns , captured a nearby colony,
question
In New France, French fur traders turned Native Americans into?
answer
Business Partners
question
Pocahontas helped Jamestown to survive by?
answer
Saved and helped John Smith. Brought food to settlers, Married John Rolfe, taught settlers how to farm, Brought Peace between 2 groups!
question
Settlers in the Spanish borderlands were mostly?
answer
Priests/missionaries and soldiers
question
During the 1500's Spanish Conquistadors conquered what areas?
answer
South Americas, land west of Florida and Caribbean islands
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question
How do scientists think people first migrated to the Americas?
answer
They walked from Asia across the Beringia land bridge.
question
To survive in different areas, native peoples had to learn to? (provide 2 examples).
answer
adapt to their environment, ate what was available, Used plants and animals for food, shelter, clothing
question
Which region best fits this description of its environment? • treeless grasslands • dense grasses • large buffalo herds
answer
Great Plains
question
Native Americans in the Southeast built
answer
towns clustered around large earthen mounds.
question
Among the Iroquois-speaking people of the Eastern Woodlands, women were responsible for
answer
Planting and harvesting of crops
question
What Group of Native Americans used the buffalo to survive?
answer
Great Plains Native Americans
question
List the 4 ways that the native americans from the above question used this animal to survive.
answer
clothing, food, tools & shelter
question
Native Americans of the Southwest adapted to a desert climate by?
answer
thick-walled abobe houses
question
Native Americans of the Great Basin lived in a region offering?
answer
Limited food and water
question
Native Americans living on the Northwest Coast got most of their food from where? (provide 2 examples)
answer
The Oceans and waters that flowed in to the Oceans, salmon, seal, etc...
question
Christopher Columbus's 4 voyages across the Atlantic led to what?
answer
Discovered south Americas and Caribbean islands . Columbian exchange the transfer of people, plants, animals and germs between Europe and Americas.
question
Wherever Europeans settled in the Americas, Native Americans?
answer
Treated Harshly and Died because of disease!
question
After being overtaken by the English in 1664, New Netherland was renamed?
answer
New York
question
The Dutch in New Netherland prospered by?
answer
Fur Trade - traded fur for guns , captured a nearby colony,
question
In New France, French fur traders turned Native Americans into?
answer
Business Partners
question
Pocahontas helped Jamestown to survive by?
answer
Saved and helped John Smith. Brought food to settlers, Married John Rolfe, taught settlers how to farm, Brought Peace between 2 groups!
question
Settlers in the Spanish borderlands were mostly?
answer
Priests/missionaries and soldiers
question
During the 1500's Spanish Conquistadors conquered what areas?
answer
South Americas, land west of Florida and Caribbean islands