Chapter 11 & 12 test review

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Prior to the Golden Bull of 1356, Germany was a land composed of
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hundreds of virtually independent states.
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The Italian condettieri were
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leaders of mercenary bands, occasionally ruling as military dictators
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Banquets during the Renaissance
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we’re used to express wealth and power of an aristocratic family.
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The Ottoman Turkish sultan who captured Constinople in 143 was
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Mehmet II.
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What was Boccaccio’s most famous work?
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The Decameron
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In Defender of The Peace, Marsiglio of Padua took the position that
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the church must consign itself solely to spiritual functions
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The bubonic plague originated in
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Asia
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One decisive advantage that England had at the beginning of the Hundred Years’ War was
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longbow
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The mystic who founded the Modern Devotion movement and led the group known as the Brothers of the Common Life was
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Gerard Groote
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Dante’s Dive Comedy
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Is considered a synthesis of medieval Christian thought
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After helping drive the English from France, Joan of Arc went on to
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be burned at the stake as a heretic
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Italian artists in the fifteenth century began to
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experiment in areas of perspective
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Marriages in Renaissance Italy
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were an economic necessity of life involving complicated family negotiations
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France’s “first woman of letters” was
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Christian de Pizan
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Italian Renaissance humanism in the early fifteenth century, above all else
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was based on the study of the Greco-Roman classics
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Meister Eckhart
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was a mystic who claimed that one could achieve a union of the soul with God.
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The French government and aristocracy responded to the Jacquerie by
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massacering the participants
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One overall result of the Great Schism was
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badly damaged the faith of many Christian believers
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The Renaissance figure in the following list who was not a leading painter was
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Petrarch
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All of the following monarchs were successful in continuing the centralization of their “new monarchy” except
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Maximalian I of the Holy Roman Empure
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The Renaissance popes did all of the followng except
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attempt to return to the papacy to more humble times
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Humanism’s main effect on the writing of history was
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the secularization of historiography and the explanation of change over time
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A key economic consequence of the plague was
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a decline in manorialism and weakening of feudalism as noble landlords desperate for cash converted peasant labor service to market rents freeing their serfs
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Which of the following statements best describes marriage in Renaissance Italy?
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Marriages were usually arranged, to strengthen familial alliances
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John Wyclif criticized the Church for
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not letting people read the Bible in the vernacular
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The most revolutionary of thirteenth and fourteenth-century inventions were
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clocks
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The author of the Book of the Courtier a handbook on courtly manners, was
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Baldassare Casiglione
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By the fifteenth centure, Italy was
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dominated by five major regional independent powers
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What was the main cause of the early fourteenth century famines
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a little ice age inducing bad weather with heavy rains
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Under Ferdinand and Isabella, Spain
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saw Muslim power vanish from the peninsula
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In the conduct of the Hundred Years’ War, a sure sign of feudalism’s decline was the
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decisive role of peasant foot soldiers rather then united knights
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Two keys areas of Renaissance technological innovation were
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mining and metalworking, including manufacture of firearms
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The Italian Renaissance was primarily
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a recovery or rebirth of antiquity and Greco-Roman culture
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In Concerning Character, Piertro Paolo Vergerio argued that liberal studies led to
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true freedom
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The reintroduction of slavery in the fourteenth century occurred largely as a result of
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the shortage of labor created by the Black Death
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The chief ambition of the Venetian city-state in the 14th century was
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to create a maritime commercial empire throughout the Mediterranean and Black seas
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All of the following are correct about Petrarch except he
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wrote sonnets in Latin
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Post-Plague socioeconomic relations between rich and poor in Europe
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suffered as richer nobles rebuffed the sincere efforts of peasants to maintain the manorial system
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The wealth of the northern Italian cities that funded the Renaissance was gained mostly from
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trade
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Which of the following is not true of Northern Renaissance artists
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They valued the secular human form as the primary subject of painting
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Economically, the great plague and the crises of the 14th century
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raised wages bc of a scarcity of labor
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The English Peasants’ Revolt of 1381
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was caused by the rising economic expectations of ordinary people
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Politically, France by the en of the 14th century
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chaos and ciil war as rival noble factions found for control of realm
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Pogroms were
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organized massacres against the jews
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Florence was ruled throughout most of the 13th and 14th centuries by the
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popolo grasso
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Slavery in Renaissance Italy
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saw slaved from Africa and the eastern Mediterranean used mostly as courtly domestic servants and as skilled workers
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The 15th century theologian who claimed that reason could not prove spirtual truth was
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Occam
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Castiglione’s The Courter was a
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very popular handbook laying out the new skills in politics, the arts, and personal compartment expected of Renaissance
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The “new monarchs: of the late 15th century in Europe
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were focused upon the acqusition and expansion of power
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Machiavelli’s The Prince advocates that a successful ruler must
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act without scruples for the good of the state
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Who said “Christ is my God; Cicero is the prince of the language”
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Petrach
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Western Europe in the Renaissance saw
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a decline in serfdom
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The European aristocracy responded to the adversity of the great plague by
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seeking to lower wages by legal means, especially for farm laborers
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The conflict between Pope Boniface VII and Philip IV of France began when Philip
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taxed churchmen without the Church’s permission
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The devastation of the great plague in 14th century led to
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the perception of life as something cheap and pissing
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Which pair of artist both sculpted a likeness of David?
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Donatello and Michelangelo
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The Byzantine Empire was finally destroyed in 1453 by the
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Ottoman Turks
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Isabella d’Este
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Joan of Arc saved France by inspiring the French soldiers to break the English siege of
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Bordeaux
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The family of merchants and bankers who dominated Florence during the high point of the Renaissance was the
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Medici
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From 1305 to 1377, the Papacy resided across the French border in the town of
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Avignon
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Who painted “The Last Supper”?
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Leonardo
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A subject of particular interest to 15th century humanists was
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theology
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The achievements of the Italian Renaissance were the products of
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an elite movement, involving small numbers of wealthy patrons, artists, and intellectuals
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The flagellants
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were groups that physically punished themselves to win the forgiveness of God
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Thea aristocracy of the 16th century was
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to dominate society as it had done in the Middle Ages
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Among the great and influential female religion mystics of the 14th century was
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Catherine of Siena
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The Golden Bull of 1356 in Germany
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gave seven electors the power to choose the “king of the Romans”
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Federigo da Montefeltro of Urbino was
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an example of a skilled, intelligent, independent Italian warrior prince
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The Black Death
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recurred in severe outbreaks for centuries

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