Chapter 04: Bacteriology

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Microorganisms
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Bacteriology is the scientific study of:
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Microorganisms
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Bacteria are minute, one-celled:
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Skin, Water, Air, Decayed Matter, Bodily Secretions, Clothing, Beneath the Nails, & Warm, Dark, Damp, & Dirty Places
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Bacteria are most numerous in:
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Disease
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Pathogenic bacteria produce:
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Pathogenic Bacteria
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Harmful Bacteria are called:
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Warm, Dark, Damp, & Dirty Places & Where Food Is Present
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Bacteria live & grow best in:
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Germs or Microbes
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Bacteria are commonly known as:
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Microscope
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Bacteria are only visible with the aid of a:
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Round Shape
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Cocci are bacteria that have a:
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Rod Shape
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Bacillie are bacteria that have a:
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Corkscrew Shape
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Spirilla are bacteria that have a:
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Staphylococci Bacteria
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Pus-forming organisms that grow in clusters and cause abscesses, pustules, pimples, and boils are:
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Streptococci Bacteria
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Pus-forming organisms that grow in chains and cause strep throat, tonsillitis, lung diseases, and blood poisoning are:
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DIPLOCOCCI BACTERIA
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Bacteria that grow in paris, causing pneumonia and gonorrhea are:
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BACILLI BACTERIA
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Bacteria that produce diseases such as tetanus, influenza, typhoid fever, tuberculosis, and diphtheria are:
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SPIRILLA BACTERIA
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The type of bacteria that causes syphilis and Lyme disease is:
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PATHOGENIC BACTERIA
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Pustules and boils contain: PATHOGENIC BACTERIA
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FLAGELLA or CILIA
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Hairlike projections that propel bacteria through liquids are called:
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VEGETATIVE STAGE
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The active stage of bacteria is also known as the:
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SPORE-FORMING STAGE
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The inactive stage of bacteria is also known as the:
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GROW AND REPRODUCE
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During the active stage, bacteria:
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LIE DORMANT
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During the inactive stage, bacteria:
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Half
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Bacteria reproduce by dividing in:
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MITOSIS
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The process of cell division is known as:
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POISON
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Toxin means:
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INFECTION
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The presence of pus is a sign of:
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Local Infection
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A boil is an example of a:
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Blood Poisoning
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An example of a general infection is:
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Transmitted Person to Person by Contact
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A communicable or contagious disease is:
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Scabies, Head Lice, Ringworm, Common Cold, Tuberculosis, & Viral Infections
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A contagious disease that will prevent a barber from servicing clients is:
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Soiled Hands or Implements, Open Sores, Pus, Oral or Nasal Discharges, Common Use of Drinking Cups & Towels.
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Disease may be spread by:
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Broken Skin (cut, pimple, scratch), Mouth (contaminated water or food), Nose (breathing), Eyes or Ears, & Unprotected Sex
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Bacteria can enter the body through:
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Immunity
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Resistance to disease is known as:
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Viruses
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Disease-producing organisms that live only by penetrating cells and becoming part of them are:
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BACTERIA
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Organisms that can live on their own are:
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BLOODBORNE PATHOGENS
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Disease-producing bacteria or viruses that are carried through the body in blood or body fluids are:
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SEPSIS
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Poisoning due to pathogenic bacteria is called:
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ASEPSIS
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An absence of disease germs is known as:
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SUBJECTIVE SYMPTOMS
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Symptoms such as itching, burning, or pain are called:
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PARASITES
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Plant or animal organisms that live on another living organism without giving anything in return are called:
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PLANT PARASITE
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Ringworm is caused by a:
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THE BODY OR HEAD LOUSE
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Pediculosis is caused by:
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HEPATITIS C VIRUS
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There is no vaccine for the:
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ACQUIRED IMMUNE DEFICIENCY SYNDROME
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AIDS stands for:
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HIV
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The virus that causes AIDS is:
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ANTIGEN
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Antibodies may neutralize an:
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THROUGH SEXUAL CONTACT WITH AN INFECTED PERSON
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One of the most common methods of transmitting the AIDS virus is:
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BLOOD TO BLOOD CONTACT WITH AN INFECTED PERSON
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The most likely manner in which HIV may be transmitted in the barbershop is by:
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11 YEARS
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A person can be infected with HIV without having symptoms for up to:
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HIV, ARC, AIDS
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The symptom stages of AIDS appear in the following order:
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Acute Disease
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Disease with rapid onset, severe symptoms, and short course or duration:
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Allergy
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Reaction due to extreme sensitivity to certain foods, chemicals, or other normally harmless substances is:
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Aseptic
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Freedom from disease or germs is:
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Chronic Disease
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Disease of Long Duration, usually mild but recurring is a:
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Congenital Disease
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Disease that exists at birth is a:
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Contagious Disease
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Disease that is communicable or transmittable by contact is a:
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Contraindication
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Any Condition or Disease that makes an indicated treatment or medication inadvisable is a:
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Diagnosis
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Determination of the nature of a disease from its symptoms:
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Disease
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Abnormal condition of all or part of the body, organ, or mind that makes it incapable of carrying on normal function is a:
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Epidemic
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Appearance of a disease that simultaneously attacks a large number of persons living in a particular locality is a:
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Etiology
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Study of the causes of disease and their mode of operation is:
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Infectious Disease
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Disease cause by pathogenic microorganisms or viruses that are easily spread is an:
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Inflammation
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Condition of some part of the body as a protective response to injury, irritation, or infection, characterized by redness, heat, pain, and swelling is:
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Objective Symptoms
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Symptoms that are visible, such as pimples, pustules, or inflammation are:
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Occupational Disease
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Illness resulting from conditions associated with employment, such as coming in contact with certain chemicals or tints is an:
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Parasitic Disease
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Disease cause by vegetable or animal parasites, such as pediculosis & ringworm is a:
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Pathogenic Disease
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Disease produced by disease-causing bacteria, such as staphylococcus and streptococcus is a:
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Pathology
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Science that investigates modifications of the functions and changes in structure caused by disease is:
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Prognosis
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Foretelling of probable course of a disease is a:
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Seasonal Disease
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Disease influenced by the weather is a:
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Sepsis
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The poisoned state caused by the absorption of pathogenic microorganisms and their products into the bloodstream is:
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Subjective Symptoms
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Symptoms that can be felt, such as itching, burning, or pain are:
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Systemic Disease
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Disease that affects the body generally, often due to under- or over-functioning of the internal glands is a:
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Venereal Disease
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Contagious disease commonly acquired by contact with an infected person during sexual intercourse, characterized by sores & rashes on the skin is a:
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Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS)
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The onset of life-threatening illnesses that compromise the immune system as a result of HIV infection and disease is:
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Acquired Immunity
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An immunity that the body develops after it overcomes a disease or through inoculation is:
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Active Stage (Vegetative)
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The stage in which bacteria grow and reproduce:
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Aseptic
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Free of Disease Germs:
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Bacilli
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Rod-shaped bacteria that produce diseases such as tetanus, typhoid fever, tuberculosis, & diphtheria, and are the most common, are:
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Bacteria
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One-celled microorganisms also known as germs or microbes:
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Bloodborne Pathogens
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Disease-causing bacteria or viruses that are carried through the body in the blood or body fluids:
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Cocci
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Round-shaped bacteria that appear singly or in groups:
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Contagious Disease (Communicable)
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A disease that may be transmitted by contact:
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Diplococci
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Round-shaped bacteria that cause diseases such as pneumonia and gonorrhea, & grow in pairs:
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Flagella
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Hairlike extensions that propel bacteria through liquid:
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Fungi
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Plant parasites such as molds, mildew, yeasts, and rusts that can cause ringworm and favus:
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General Infection
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An infection that results when the bloodstream carries bacteria or viruses to all parts of the body:
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Hepatitis
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A bloodborne disease marked by inflammation of the liver:
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Human Disease Carrier
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A person who is immune to a disease, but harbors germs that infect other people:
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Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)
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The virus that causes AIDS:
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Immunity
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The ability of the body to resist invasion by bacteria and to destroy bacteria once they have entered the body:
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Inactive Stage (Spore-forming)
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The stage in which certain bacteria can lie dormant until conditions are right for growth and reproduction:
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Infection
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The result when the body is unable to cope with the invasion of bacteria and their harmful toxins:
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Mitosis
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The division of cells during reproduction:
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Natural Immunity
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A natural resistance to disease that is partially inherited and partially developed:
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Nonpathogenic
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Beneficial or harmless bacteria that perform many useful functions:
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Objective Symptoms
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Symptoms that can be seen:
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Parasites
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Plant or animal organisms that live on other living organisms without giving anything in return:
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Pathogenic
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Harmful, disease-producing bacteria:
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Pediculosis
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A contagious infestation caused by head or body louse:
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Pus
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Fluid that contains white blood cells, dead and living bacteria, waste matter, tissue elements, and body cells: is a sign of infection:
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Scabies
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A contagious disorder caused by the itch mite:
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Sepsis
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A poisoned state cause by the absorption of pathogenic microorganisms into the bloodstream:
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Spirilla
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Curved or Corkscrew-shaped bacteria that can cause syphilis and Lyme disease:
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Staphylococci
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Pus-forming bacteria that cause abscesses, pustules, pimples, and boils, & grow in bunches or clusters:
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Streptococci
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Pus-forming bacteria that cause infections such as strep throat, tonsillitis, lung & throat diseases, and blood poisoning & grow in chains:
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Subjective Symptoms
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Symptoms that can be felt or experienced:
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Virus
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An infectious agent that lives only by penetrating cells and becoming a part of them:
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Unbroken Skin (first line of defense), Body Secretions (perspiration, digestive juices), White Blood Cells (destroy bacteria), & Antitoxins (counteract toxins produced by bacteria and viruses)
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The body fights infection by means of its defensive forces, which include:
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Hepatitis A Virus (HAV)
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Flu-like illness that usually lasts about 3 weeks, includes jaundice, fatigue, nausea, fever, abdominal pain, & loss of appetite, spread through poor sanitation, hygiene, contaminated foods & sex, Vaccine available:
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Hepatitis B Virus (HBV)
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Serious disease that accumulates in the blood, cirrhosis, failure, & cancer of the liver & death, transmitted thru blood, saliva, sex, break in skin or mucous membrane, or blood to blood, Vaccine available:
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Hepatitis C Virus (HCV)
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Can progress slowly and may include symptoms of fatigue and abdominal pain, transferred thru break in skin or mucous membrane, sex, blood transfusions, & illegal drug injections, NO VACCINE:
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Blood, Breast Milk, Semen, & Vaginal Secretions
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HIV is passed from person to person through body fluids such as:
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Sexual Contact With Infected Persons, Use or Sharing of Dirty Hypodermic Needles, Infected Blood Transfusion, & Mother to Child During Pregnancy & Birth
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The most common methods of transferring HIV are through:
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White Blood Cells
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Leukocytes are divided into two categories, lymphocytes & phagocytic cells and are another name for:
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Activating The Cells To Produce The Antibodies
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T-4 cells, a type of lymphocyte, trigger appropriate responses from other specialized white blood cells, such as:
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Retrovirus
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One of the most difficult aspects of treating HIV infections is that HIV is a:
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Retrovirus
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A virus that uses the reproductive processes of the host cell (to which it becomes attached) to duplicate itself, is:
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Virus
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The smallest disease-producing organisms:
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Daughter Cells
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The cells that are formed during mitosis are called:
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Outer Wall & Internal Protoplasm
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Bacteria generally consist of two parts:
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Active Stage (vegetative) & Inactive Stage (spore-forming)
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The two distinct phases in the life cycle of bacteria are:
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General Infection
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Blood Poisoning is what kind of infection:
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Local Infection
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A boil is an example of what kind of infection:
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Cilia or Flagella
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Hairlike projections that propel bacteria through liquids are called what 2 things:
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Head or Body Louse
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Pediculosis is caused by:
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Cocci
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Round-shaped bacteria:
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Bacilli
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Rod-shaped bacteria:
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Spirilla
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Corkscrew-shaped bacteria:
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Antigen
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Antibodies neutralize an:

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