CGS Chapter 5
A group of programs that controls how your computer functions.
The desktop, icons, and menus that let you communicate with your computer; how you interact with your OS.
A small program that performs many of the general housekeeping tasks for your computer, such as system maintenance and file compression.
Also referred to as embedded systems; require minimal user interaction; a program with a specific purpose, and it must guarantee certain response times for particular computing tasks.
System that lets more than one user access the computer system at a time by handling and prioritizing requests from multiple users.
A multiuser, multitasking OS that is used as a network OS, although it can also be found on PCs.
An open source OS designed for personal computers and as a network.
The various packages in which Linux is available for download.
The combination of an OS and a specific processor.
Interface in which you enter commands to communicate with the computer system.
Interface in which you choose commands from menus displayed on the screen.
Interface that displays graphics and use the point-and-click technology of the mouse and cursor; very user-friendly.
A unique signal that tells the OS that a certain device is in need of immediate attention.
A special numerical code that prioritizes the requests.
When the OS processes the task assigned a higher priority before processing a task assigned a lower priority.
A program that helps coordinate all print jobs currently being sent to the printer.
The process of optimizing RAM storage by borrowing hard drive space.
The temporary storage area on the hard drive that the OS stores RAM data and instructions that haven’t recently been used.
The process of the OS swapping data and information to and from the swap file and RAM.
The condition of excessive paging.
Driver that facilitates communication between the device and the OS.
A software and hardware standard designed to facilitate the installation of new hardware in PCs by including in the OS the drivers these devices need in order to run.
Software design to make it seem as if there is something wrong with your computer; used by scammers.
Blocks of code that application software needs in order to interact with the CPU.
2. Performing the Power-On Self-Test
3. Loading the OS
4. Checking Further
A program that manages the exchange of data between the OS and all the input and output devices attached to the system; responsible for loading the OS into RAM from its permanent location on the hard drive.
The first job that BIOS performs; process that ensures that essential peripheral devices are attached and operational
A special kind of memory that uses almost no power; contains information about the system’s memory, types of disk drives, and other essential input and output hardware components.
The main files of the OS.
The essential component of the OS; responsible for managing the processor and all other components of the computer system.
Contains all the different configurations used by the OS and by other applications.
The verification of your login name and password.
A new utility program in Windows 8 that attempts to diagnose and fix errors in your Windows system files that are causing your computer to behave improperly.
-on an iPad.
-on a mainframe.
-on a supercomputer.
-in a robotic camera.
-an interrupt handler.
The first interaction you have with the OS and the first image you see on your display.
Applications specifically designed to run in the interface of Windows 8.
Features large type with clean, readable block images inspired by metropolitan service signs.
Bars that float on the screen above the app when you summon them or you need them; Windows 8 feature.
Special shortcuts on Windows 8 that are used for performing common tasks.
The process of choosing which applications are visible on the Start screen.
Feature that displays open and favorite applications for easy access.
The most recently or commonly used files or commands for that application.
Provides an organizational structure to your computer’s contents.
The C drive is the top of the filing structure and referred to as this.
In an OS, a collection of program instructions or data that is stored and treated as a single unit
A collection of files.
In Windows, it gathers categories of files from different locations and displays them as if they were all saved in a single folder, regardless of where they are physically stored.
The main tool for finding, viewing, and managing the contents of your computer.
View in which files and folders are displayed in list form, and the additional file information is displayed in columns alongside the name of the file; the most interactive view.
View that shows contents of folders as small images.
The name you assign to a file when you save it.
Follows the file name and a period or dot.
You can determine the location of a file by this.
The backslash characters (in Windows) and colons (OS X).
The main component of system software.
Small applications that perform special functions on the computer.
In Windows; takes out redundancies in a file to reduce the file size.
A Windows utility that removes unnecessary files from your hard drive.
A Windows utility that checks for lost files and fragments as well as physical errors on your hard drive.
An index of all sector numbers in a table.
If a program has stopped working, you can use this Windows utility to check on the program or to exit the nonresponsive program.
A Windows utility that lets you roll your system settings back to a specific date when everything was working properly.
A snapshot of your entire system’s settings; generated prior to certain events or automatically once a week.
Grouping together related pieces of files on the hard drive, allowing the OS to work more efficiently.
Windows utility that will automatically create a duplicate of your libraries, desktop, contacts, and favorites and copy it to another storage device, such as an external hard drive.
Centralized location for assistive technology and tools to adjust accessibility settings; Microsoft Windows utility.
-can’t be closed down once started.
-run on the desktop.
-use a large amount of RAM.
-run full screen.
Different versions of Linux are known as “distros.”
The third step of the boot process is the power-on self-test (POST).
System restore points can only be created by Windows automatically on a regular schedule.
The Windows 8 desktop no longer includes the taskbar.