CGS 2060 FSU Exam 1

question

Which of the following consists of electronic components that store instructions waiting to be executed and data needed by those instructions?
answer

Memory
question

Which of the following conveys meaning and is useful to users
answer

Information
question

Which of the following is a collection of unprocessed items, which can include text, numbers, images, audio, and video?
answer

Data
question

For which of the following is the spelling, disk, used?
answer

Magnetic Media
question

Collections, such as that pictured in the accompanying figure, allow computers to share which of the following?
answer

Resources
question

Which type of disc is a type of storage media that consists of a flat, round, portable metal disc made of metal, plastic, and lacquer that is written and read by a laser?
answer

Optical
question

What is the definition of a website?
answer

Collection of related webpages
question

Which of the following is the term for known specific patterns of viruses?
answer

Virus signatures
question

Each employee or customer who uses a computer in a large business is which kind of user?
answer

Enterprise
question

Which of the following is a worldwide collection of networks that connects millions of businesses, government agencies, educational institutions, and individuals?
answer

Internet
question

Which of the following is a collection of computers and devices connected together, as shown in the accompanying figure, often wirelessly, via communications devices and transmission media?
answer

Network
question

Which of the following is a specification that enables web content to be distributed to subscribers?
answer

RSS
question

You interact with a program through which of the following, thereby controlling how you enter data and instructions and how information is displayed on the screen?
answer

User interface
question

Collections, such as that pictured in the accompanying figure, allow computers to share which of the following?
answer

resources
question

Category of users
answer

enterprise
question

Which kind of user requires the capabilities of a powerful computer?
answer

Power
question

Which of the following is NOT an operating system used by today’s computers and mobile devices?
answer

DOS
question

Which kind of device is hardware capable of transferring items from computers and devices to transmission media and vice versa?
answer

Communications device
question

Which gesture displays a shortcut menu?
answer

Press and hold
question

Start Ch 2 : Which of the following consists of a worldwide collection of electronic documents?
answer

Web
question

Which of the following defines FTP sites at which anyone can transfer some, if not all, available files?
answer

Anonymous
question

A search engine displays a list of webpage names that contain the search text. What is the term for that list
answer

Hits
question

Which of the following is a collection of related webpages and associated items, such as documents and pictures, stored on a web server?
answer

website
question

The Internet has its roots in a network that became functional in 1969, linking scientific and academic researchers across the United States. What was the name of that network?
answer

ARPANET
question

As shown in the accompanying figure, which of the following is a real-time typed conversation that takes place on a computer?
answer

chat
question

Which of the following is special software that a user needs in order to listen to an audio file on a computer
answer

MEDIA PLAYER
question

Which of the following is the development and maintenance of webpages?
answer

web publishing
question

Which of the following is a real-time Internet communications service that notifies users when one or more people are online and then allows them to exchange messages or files or join a private chat room?
answer

IM
question

Which of the following allows users to have multiple home pages that automatically display when the browser runs?
answer

tabbed browsing
question

Which of the following is a group of email names and addresses used for mass distribution of a message?
answer

email list
question

For which of the following to work must both parties be online at the same time, and the receiver of a message be willing to accept messages?
answer

instant messaging
question

Which of the following is a website like the one in the accompanying figure that offers a variety of Internet services from a single, convenient location?
answer

Portal
question

Which of the following is a program that extends the capability of a browser?
answer

Plug In
question

Which of the following is equal to approximately one million characters
answer

Megabyte
question

Who is the creator of the World Wide Web?
answer

Tim Berners Lee
question

What is the descriptor for a filter that warns or blocks you from potentially fraudulent or suspicious websites?
answer

Phishing
question

Which of the following is a computer that allows users to upload and/or download files using FTP
answer

FTP server
question

Which of the following is a technology that provides high-speed Internet connection using the telephone network?
answer

DSL
question

Most e-commerce actually takes place between businesses. What is this called?
answer

business-to-business commerce
question

Which of the following is the process of transferring data in a continuous and even flow, which allows users to access and use a file while it is transmitting?
answer

streaming
question

Which of the following is equal to approximately one million characters
answer

megabyte
question

Which of the following is a collection of related webpages and associated items, such as documents and pictures, stored on a web server?
answer

website
question

Which of the following is true of VoIP?
answer

Skype is an example of VoIP software.
question

Which of the following oversees research for the Internet?
answer

World Wide Web Consortium (W3C)
question

Which of the following high-speed Internet connections use an antenna on a house or business to communicate with a tower location via radio signals?
answer

fixed wireless
question

Which of the following communicates with a satellite dish to provide high-speed Internet connections via satellite?
answer

satellite modem
question

What is the approximate data usage for sending and receiving 100 messages with no attachments?
answer

3-6 MB
question

Which of the following is a business that provides individuals and companies access to the Internet for free or for a fee?
answer

access provider
question

Which of the following is true of VoIP?
answer

Skype is it
question

START CH 3: Which of the following are the fastest, most powerful computers — and the most expensive?
answer

SUPERCOMPUTERS
question

Which of the following is NOT a type of kiosk?
answer

media
question

Which of the following are small and have limited hardware because they are components in larger products?
answer

Embedded Computers
question

Which of the following types of computers targets a specific audience and offers high-quality audio, video, and graphics with optimal performance for sophisticated single-user and networked or Internet multiplayer games?
answer

Gaming desktop
question

What is the electronic component that interprets and carries out the basic instructions that operate the computer?
answer

processor
question

What percent of e-waste is recycled?
answer

20
question

It is estimated by one publisher that, on average, libraries replace a print book after how many checkouts?
answer

26
question

Which of the following do most major corporations use for business activities like billing millions of customers, preparing payroll for thousands of employees, and managing millions of items in inventory?
answer

mainframe
question

If a POS terminal is able to update inventory at geographically separate locations, what is the term for this ability?
answer

Internet capable
question

Which of the following exists in the form of a single circuit board?
answer

blade server
question

Which of the following are capable of processing many trillions of instructions in a single second?
answer

supercomputers
question

What is another name for a standby UPS?
answer

offline UPS
question

Which of the following is an example of a mobile device?
answer

smartphones
question

Which of the following terms includes speakers, webcams, and printers as examples?
answer

peripherals
question

Which of the following kinds of UPS runs off a battery?
answer

online UPS
question

Which of the following is not a part of a server like the one in the accompanying figure?
answer

bundled software
question

Which of the following protects against electrical power variation
answer

surge protector
question

Which kind of keyboard projects an image of a keyboard on a flat surface
answer

virtual
question

The video clips that users of video message services send are typically how long
answer

30 seconds
question

Which of the following is a device that plugs in a USB port on the computer or mobile device and contains multiple USB ports?
answer

USB Hub
question

Which of the following is a network of several servers, like those in the accompanying figure, together in a single location
answer

server farm
question

Which of the following is the term for unsolicited mail message
answer

spam
question

Which of the following is housed in a bay within a metal frame?
answer

rack server
question

Which of the following is a four- or five-digit number assigned to a specific content or mobile service provider, for example, to vote for a television program contestant or donate to a charity?
answer

CSC
question

What is the term for the picture/video message service available on smartphones and other mobile devices
answer

MMS
question

Which kind of keyboard projects an image of a keyboard on a flat surface?
answer

virtual
question

Which of the following is the process of initiating contact between two Bluetooth devices and allowing them to communicate with each other
answer

pairing
question

What is the term for an ultrathin laptop (like the one shown in the accompanying figure) that uses the Windows operating system?
answer

ultrabook
question

Which of the following is a device that plugs in a USB port on the computer or mobile device and contains multiple USB ports?
answer

USB Hub
question

What is the term for the technology that allows users to view message details such as the length of calls, for example
answer

visual voice mail
question

It is estimated by one publisher that, on average, libraries replace a print book after how many checkouts?
answer

26
question

Which of the following is not a determinant of the category in which a computer best fits?
answer

resolution
question

Which of the following is an affordable and lightweight digital camera with lenses built into it and a screen that displays an approximation of the image to be photographed?
answer

point-and-shoot
question

Which of the following terms includes speakers, webcams, and printers as examples?
answer

peripherals
question

Which of the following exists in the form of a single circuit board?
answer

blade servers
question

Short text messages sent via a text message service are typically fewer than how many characters?
answer

300
question

If a POS terminal is able to update inventory at geographically separate locations, what is the term for this ability?
answer

Internet capable
question

How many peripheral devices can you connect with a USB port?
answer

up to 127
question

Which of the following occurs when the electrical supply or voltage drops, often defined as more than five percent below the normal volts?
answer

undervoltage
question

Which of the following kinds of computing refers to an environment of servers that house and provide access to resources users access through the Internet?
answer

cloud
question

Which of the following is the practice of sharing computing resources, such as servers, like those in the accompanying figure?
answer

virtualization
question

Which of the following is a portable, personal computer designed to fit on your lap?
answer

notebook
question

Which of the following is held with both hands and controls the movement and actions of players or objects in video games or computer games?
answer

gamepad
question

Which of the following is the process of initiating contact between two Bluetooth devices and allowing them to communicate with each other?
answer

pairing
question

Which of the following companies does not manufacture computers that use the Windows operating system?
answer

Apple
question

Which of the following refers to the case that contains and protects the motherboard?
answer

system unit
question

START CH 4: Which of the following describes a potentially damaging computer program that affects, or infects, a computer negatively by altering the way the computer works without the user’s knowledge or permission?
answer

virus
question

Which of the following is a utility that allows users to display, copy, and print the contents of a graphics file?
answer

image viewer
question

What kind of software assists in the preparation of a will, for example?
answer

legal
question

What kind of software allows users to combine text, graphics, audio, video, and animation into an interactive application?
answer

multimedia authoring
question

What kind of software provides the capabilities of adjusting or enhancing image colors, adding special effects such as shadows and glows, and the like?
answer

image editing
question

Which of the following kinds of malware is a malicious mobile app that uses a variety of fraudulent schemes to charge unsuspecting users for premium messaging services?
answer

toll fraud
question

Which of the following kinds of software provides a means for sharing, distributing, and searching through documents by converting them into a format that can be viewed by any user?
answer

document management
question

Which of the following kinds of programs displays an online advertisement in a banner or pop-up window on webpages, email, or other Internet service?
answer

adware
question

Which of the following is a request for specific data from a database?
answer

query
question

Which of the following kinds of software enables users to enter typed text, handwritten comments, drawings, or sketches anywhere on a page and then save the page as part of a notebook?
answer

note taking
question

What is the term for a square-shaped coded graphic that corresponds to a web address or other information?
answer

QR Code
question

What kind of application teaches a particular skill?
answer

educational
question

Which of the following performs calculations on the data in a worksheet like the one in the accompanying figure and displays the resulting value in a cell?
answer

formula
question

Which of the following kinds of software allows users to create and manipulate documents containing mostly text and sometimes graphics?
answer

word processing
question

Which of the following kinds of software allows users to create visual aids for presentations to communicate ideas, messages, and other information to a group?
answer

presentation
question

Many worksheet cells like those in the accompanying figure contain a number that can be used in a calculation. What is the name for this?
answer

value
question

Which of the following is a utility that detects and protects a computer from unauthorized intrusions?
answer

personal firewall
question

Which of the following kinds of software is software that enables professional designers to create sophisticated documents that contain text, graphics, and many colors?
answer

DTP
question

Which of the following is a collection of data organized in a manner that allows access, retrieval, and use of that data
answer

Database
question

What kind of software assists in the preparation of a will, for example?
answer

legal
question

Which of the following is a utility that allows users to display, copy, and print the contents of a graphics file?
answer

image viewer
question

A single point as shown in the accompanying figure is about what fraction of an inch in height?
answer

1/72
question

Which of the following is a collection of individual programs sold as a unit?
answer

software suite
question

Which of the following programs allow designers to rotate designs of 3-D objects to view them from any angle
answer

CAD
question

What kind of software consists of programs designed to make users more productive and/or assist them with personal tasks?
answer

application
question

Which of the following tools searches for and removes unnecessary files?
answer

disk cleanup
question

An alternative to e-mail filtering is to purchase which of the following kinds of program that attempts to remove a message before it reaches a user’s inbox?
answer

anti-spam
question

Which of the following kinds of players is a program that allows you to view images and animation, listen to audio, and watch video files on your computer?
answer

media
question

Which category of applications allows you to locate a nearby restaurant or check the weather forecast?
answer

lifestyle
question

Designers and graphic artists can print finished publications on a color printer, take them to a professional printer, or post them on the web in a format that can be viewed by those without what kind of software?
answer

DTP
question

Which of the following describes a potentially damaging computer program that affects, or infects, a computer negatively by altering the way the computer works without the user’s knowledge or permission?
answer

VIRUS
question

When using spreadsheet software like the kind in the accompanying figure, what are the rows and columns collectively called?
answer

WORKSHEET
question

In the event a backup file is used, which kind of program reverses the process and returns backed up files to their original form?
answer

restore
question

Which of the following is a collection of data organized in a manner that allows access, retrieval, and use of that data?
answer

database
question

Which of the following tools searches for and removes unnecessary files?
answer

disk cleanup
question

Which of the following kinds of software allows users to modify a segment of a video, called a clip?
answer

video editing
question

Which of the following kinds of software is a sophisticated type of application software that assists a professional user in creating engineering, architectural, and scientific designs?
answer

CAD
question

Which of the following performs calculations on the data in a worksheet like the one in the accompanying figure and displays the resulting value in a cell?
answer

Formula
question

What kind of software consists of programs designed to make users more productive and/or assist them with personal tasks?
answer

application
question

Which of the following is a scam in which a perpetrator sends an official looking e-mail that attempts to obtain a user’s personal and financial information?
answer

phishing
question

Which of the following kinds of software provides a means for sharing, distributing, and searching through documents by converting them into a format that can be viewed by any user?
answer

document management
question

Which of the following warns that the computer is infected and needs immediate attention?
answer

virus hoax
question

START CH 5: Which of the following laws provides the same protection that covers mail and telephone communications to electronic communications such as voice mail?
answer

Electronic Communications Privacy Act (ECPA)
question

Which of the following replaces each character in the plaintext with a different letter by shifting the alphabet a certain number of positions?
answer

Ceasar Cipher
question

Which of the following is a technique intruders use to make their network or Internet transmission appear legitimate to a victim computer or network?
answer

spoofing
question

An IT code of conduct is a written guideline that helps determine whether a specific computer action is which of the following?
answer

ethical
question

What is another name for public key encryption?
answer

asymmetric key encryption
question

Which of the following refers to the right of individuals and companies to deny or restrict the collection and use of information about them?
answer

information privacy
question

Which encryption algorithm inserts characters between existing characters?
answer

expansion
question

Internet advertising firms often use which of the following to collect information about users web browsing habits?
answer

spyware
question

Which of the following is not a security product developer?
answer

Adobe
question

To read encrypted data, the recipient must decipher it into a readable form. What is the term for this process
answer

decryption
question

What is the term for a program that performs a repetitive task on a network?
answer

bot
question

Which of the following are used to record, save, an then execute a set of keystrokes and instructions repeatedly?
answer

macros
question

Which law states that it is not illegal to intercept or access an electronic communication made through an electronic communication system that is configured so that such electronic communication is readily accessible to the general public?
answer

Electronic Communication Privacy Act
question

Many businesses use which of the following to limit employees’ web access?
answer

content filtering
question

How much do fingerprint readers typically cost?
answer

less than $100
question

Which of the following provides the mobile user with a secure connection to the company network server?
answer

VPN
question

Which of the following categories are the rights to which creators are entitled for their work
answer

Intellectual property
question

Which kind of license is a legal agreement that permits users to install the software on multiple computers, usually at a volume discount
answer

site
question

Which of the following is, as shown in the accompanying figure, a small text file that a web server stores on a user’s computer?
answer

cookie
question

Which of the following kinds of certificate is a notice that guarantees a user or website is legitimate?
answer

digital
question

Which of the following is an authorized person or company that issues and verifies digital certificates?
answer

certificate authority
question

Which of the following can transmit germs?
answer

hand geometry systems
question

Which of the following is any event or action that could cause a loss of or damage to computer hardware, software, data, information, or processing capability?
answer

digital security risk
question

To read encrypted data, the recipient must decipher it into a readable form. What is the term for this process?
answer

decryption
question

Which of the following gives authors and artists the exclusive rights to duplicate, publish, and sell their materials?
answer

copyright
question

How long can digital certificates be valid?
answer

two years
question

Which of the following involves the use of computers to observe, record, and review an employee’s use of a computer, including communications such as email messages, keyboarding activity, and websites visited?
answer

employee monitoring
question

Which of the following is someone who uses the Internet or network to destroy or damage computers for political reasons?
answer

cyberterrorist
question

One study found that a certain percentage of wireless connections like the kind in the accompanying figure are unsecured, leaving them susceptible to hackers. What was that percentage?
answer

25
question

With which of the following do users choose which folders and files to include in a backup
answer

selective backup
question

Which of the following is a scam in which a perpetrator sends an official looking email that attempts to obtain a user’s personal and financial information?
answer

phishing
question

Which of the following is a federally funded Internet security research and development center?
answer

CERT/CC
question

Into which of the following kinds of ports do external fingerprint readers plug?
answer

USB
question

Which of the following refers to unique and original works such as ideas, inventions, writings, art, processes, company and product names, and logos?
answer

IP
question

In the case of system failure or the discovery of corrupted files, what do users do to the backed-up files when they bring the files to their original location on a computer?
answer

Restore the files
question

Which encryption algorithm inserts characters between existing characters?
answer

expansion
question

Which of the following is someone who demands payment in order to stop an attack on an organization’s technology infrastructure
answer

cyberextortionist
question

Which of the following refers to the right of individuals and companies to deny or restrict the collection and use of information about them?
answer

information privacy
question

Which of the following has the same intent as a cracker, but does not have the technical skills and knowledge?
answer

script kiddie
question

Which of the following is not a possessed object?
answer

PIN
question

Which of the following copies all of the files in a computer?
answer

full backup
question

How long can digital certificates be valid?
answer

two years
question

Websites use which of the following to keep track of items in a user’s shopping cart?
answer

session cookie
question

Which of the following is a duplicate of a file, program, or disk that can be used if the original is lost, damaged, or destroyed?
answer

backup
question

What is the term for a website that uses encryption techniques to protect its data?
answer

secure site
question

With which of the following do users choose which folders and files to include in a backup?
answer

selective backup
question

Which of the following are used to record, save, an then execute a set of keystrokes and instructions repeatedly?
answer

macros
question

Which of the following refers to the right of individuals and companies to deny or restrict the collection and use of information about them?
answer

intellectual privacy
question

Many websites, like that in the accompanying figure, require a user to enter a private combination of characters associated with a user name that allows access to certain computer resources. What is the term for this combination of characters?
answer

password
question

Computer viruses, worms, Trojan horses, and rootkits are classified as which of the following?
answer

malware
question

START CH 6: In the accompanying figure, what on the motherboard holds the memory modules?
answer

memory slots
question

Which of the following interprets and carries out the basic instructions that operate a computer?
answer

CPU
question

Which kind of tablet positions the case below a keyboard, providing functionality similar to that of a laptop?
answer

convertible
question

Which of the following is another term for the system unit?
answer

chassis
question

Which of the following circuits contains many microscopic pathways capable of carrying electrical current?
answer

integrated
question

One gigahertz (GHz) equals how many ticks of the system clock per second?
answer

one billion
question

Which of the following is the component of the processor that performs arithmetic, comparison, and other operations?
answer

ALU
question

Which of the following determines the number of bits that the computer can transmit at one time?
answer

BUS WIDTH
question

What is the unit of measurement for the clock speed for the channel shown in the accompanying figure?
answer

hertz
question

Which of the following is true of synchronous DRAM (SDRAM) chips?
answer

They are synchronized to the system clock
question

Which of the following is a case on a desktop that contains and protects the item shown in the accompanying figure and other electronic components?
answer

system unit
question

How many fans are typically in a desktop case?
answer

at least three
question

Which of the following means the computer automatically can configure cards like the one in the accompanying figure and other peripherals as users install them?
answer

plug and play
question

Some computer and chip manufacturers use which of the following terms to refer to a personal computer processor chip?
answer

microprocessor
question

Which of the following is the most common type of volatile memory?
answer

RAM
question

Which of the following is a small piece of semiconducting material, usually silicon, on which integrated circuits are etched?
answer

COMPUTER CHIP
question

Which of the following is a kind of ROM chip that contains permanently written data, instructions, or information that is recorded when the chip is manufactured?
answer

firmware
question

As shown in the accompanying figure, which of the following kinds of card is a circuit board that enhances functions of a component of the system unit and/or provides connections to peripherals?
answer

adapter
question

Which of the following is contained on an integrated circuit and can act as an electronic switch that opens or closes the circuit for electrical charges?
answer

transistor
question

What is the process of copying items from RAM to a storage device?
answer

saving
question

Which of the following allows the processor to communicate with peripheral devices?
answer

expansion bus
question

Which of the following processors is a single chip with two or more separate processor cores?
answer

multi-core
question

AMD is the leading manufacturer of which of the following kinds of processors, which have an internal design similar to Intel processors, perform the same functions, can be as powerful, but often are less expensive?
answer

Intel-compatible
question

Which of the following is an alternate term for an adapter card?
answer

expansion card
question

Which of the following is a cache separate from the processor chip on the item shown in the accompanying figure?
answer

L3 cache
question

Which of the following is the component of the processor that directs and coordinates most of the operations in the computer?
answer

control unit
question

The processor relies on which of the following to control the timing of all computer operations?
answer

system clock
question

Which of the following is the component of the system unit that converts the wall outlet AC power into the DC power a computer requires?
answer

power supply
question

The accompanying figure shows which of the following kinds of modules, which are small circuit boards where RAM chips usually reside, being inserted into the motherboard?
answer

memory
question

Which of the following is the main circuit board of the system unit?
answer

system board
question

Which of the following modules is a removable flash memory device that adds memory, communications, multimedia, security, and storage capabilities to computers?
answer

ExpressCard
question

Within the circuitry of a computer, each channel along which bits transfer allows the various devices both inside and attached to the system unit to communicate with each other. What are these channels, shown in the accompanying figure, called?
answer

buses
question

Which of the following is a register function?
answer

storing the location from where an instruction was fetched
question

Current processors include advanced transfer cache, a type of cache built directly on a processor chip. Which type of cache is this?
answer

l2 cache
question

Which of the following is an application that incorporates data from multiple providers into a new application?
answer

mashup
question

Which of the following adapter cards connects to musical instruments?
answer

midi
question

Which of the following is a type of nonvolatile memory that can be erased electronically and rewritten?
answer

flash memory
question

The role of memory to store both data and programs is known as which of the following concepts?
answer

stored memory
question

Which of the following is measured by the number of ticks per second?
answer

clock speed
question

Which of the following should you have if you plan to connect your computer or mobile device to a wired computer network?
answer

Ethernet Port
question

On which of the following does battery life depend?
answer

usage
question

Which of the following is a small piece of semiconducting material, usually silicon, on which integrated circuits are etched?
answer

computer chip
question

Which of the following refers to an environment of servers that house and provide access to resources users access via the Internet?
answer

cloud computing
question

Which of the following consists of electronic components that store instructions waiting to be executed by the processor, data needed by those instructions, and the results of processed data (information)?
answer

memory
question

Which of the following is a register function?
answer

storing the location from where an instruction was fetched
question

Which of the following is a kind of ROM chip that contains permanently written data, instructions, or information that is recorded when the chip is manufactured?
answer

firmware

Get instant access to
all materials

Become a Member