Catholic Social Teachings, social structures, sin, and circle of social action.

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The document produced by the US bishops that presented the 7 themes of Catholic Social Teaching
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sharing catholic social teaching: challenges and directions
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The seven themes are dependent and can stand alone: True or False
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false
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The most fundamental of the seven themes that tells us all human beings are created by God and that nothing can be done to take away this God given Dignity. It is the MOST important of every theme.
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life and dignity of the human person
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Theme that professes how humans are social creatures that need to interact within family units, and then in their communities. It calls for families to be aware of all parts of society even if it does not directly affect them, and to only focus on their family but the condition of the community as a whole.
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call to family, community, and participation
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The _______ is the original and center form of human community.
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family
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Theme that pronounces that all human beings have a right to life and to have their basic needs meet.
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rights and responsibilities
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The principle that the earth an all it’s goods belong to God, and he intends these goods to provide the things all human beings need to live with dignity.
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universal destination of goods
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The teaching that states all people have a responsibility to care for those who are poor and vulnerable. This teaching deals with the universal destination of goods.
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preferential option for the poor
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theory that says if the rich (mountains) each provide a little for the poor (ditches) they will eventually be able to stand on level ground and begin to support themselves. (HINT: Not in text book, he gave this example during class and it is likely to be a short answer question)
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mountain ditch theory
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1. Freely choosing to become friends or partners with those who are poor and taking their problems as our own 2. Making a commitment to take action to transform any injustices that prevent the poor from realizing their God given dignity.
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the two parts to the preferential option for the poor
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Teaching that tells us the value of work must be measured by how well it promotes the human dignity of the worker.
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dignity of work and the rights of workers
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Union of one’s heart and mind with all people. (A term as well as a theme)
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solidarity
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The bias for a just world
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solidarity
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The sum of those conditions of social life which allow social groups and their individual members relatively through and ready to access their own fulfillment
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common good
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The careful and responsible management of someone or something that has been entrusted to a person’s care. Includes the responsibility of using and caring for the gifts of creation that God has given us.
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stewardship
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Theme that teaches it is our job to care for all things that God has made and respect their dignity. Stewardship falls under this teaching.
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care for God’s creation
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Any deliberate offence in word or deed or desire, against the will of God that damages our relationship with him.
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sin
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The expressed original moral sense that God gave us to discern weather an action is right or not.
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natural law
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An action so contrary to the will of God that it results in total separation from God and his grace.
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mortal sin
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Personal, Social, and Structural
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the three dimensions of sin
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dimension that harms our relationship with God and others
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personal
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dimension of sin that affects society and the world though hurting people and God’s creation in various ways
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social
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dimension that stems from personal sin and results from collective choices of many and is sustained by selfishness and becomes a barrier to the common good
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structural
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Patterns of relationships that shape society
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social structures
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Social structures that block justice and fail to protect human life and human rights
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structures of sin
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The impact that every personal sin has on other people
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social sin
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Awareness, Action, and Analysis
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three steps in the circle of social action
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The step of social action that calls us to concern ourselves with the world surrounding us, even if it may not directly affect us.
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awareness
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After becoming aware of the world and it’s needs, we are called to ask ourselves why this injustice has occurred, and figure out what we can do to change it.
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analysis
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The practice of listening for God’s call in our lives, and distinguishing between good and bad choices
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discernment
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Step of social action that calls us to move forward with our analysis and do something about the conditions and injustices around the world.
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action
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Type of action that provides immediate and temporary relief to those suffering.
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direct relief
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Type of action that provides slow but permanent relief to those suffering.
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social action
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The two feet of justice
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direct and social action
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Charitable acts that respond to the people’s physical needs and show respect for their dignity.
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corporal works of mercy
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Charitable actions that respond to the people’s spiritual needs and show respect for their dignity.
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spiritual works of mercy
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Feeding the hungry, giving drink to the thirsty, burying the dead, etc.
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corporal works of mercy
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Instructing the ignorant, comforting those who suffer, praying for the living and the dead, etc.
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spiritual works of mercy
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Social actions that seek to convert structures of sin and build structures of greater justice
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works of justice
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*** KNOW THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN WORKS OF CHARITY AND WORKS OF JUSTICE***
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+works of charity seek to provide some type of direct aid to the PEOPLE and provide a short term solution +works of justice seek to transform structures of sin and provide a long term solution
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Character–> Habits–> Actions–> Thoughts
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This chain proves that if we want to change the person we are for the better, we must first start with our thoughts and make our way to our full character.

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