Butyraldehyde C4H8O structure

Flashcard maker : Will Walter

Molecular Formula C4H8O
Average mass 72.106 Da
Density 0.8±0.1 g/cm3
Boiling Point 77.6±3.0 °C at 760 mmHg
Flash Point -11.1±0.0 °C
Molar Refractivity 20.8±0.3 cm3
Polarizability 8.2±0.5 10-24cm3
Surface Tension 22.5±3.0 dyne/cm
Molar Volume 91.9±3.0 cm3
  • Experimental data
  • Predicted – ACD/Labs
  • Predicted – EPISuite
  • Predicted – ChemAxon
  • Experimental Physico-chemical Properties
    • Experimental Melting Point:

      -99 °C Alfa Aesar
      -96 °C Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
      -97 °C Jean-Claude Bradley Open Melting Point Dataset 13152
      -96 °C Jean-Claude Bradley Open Melting Point Dataset 15654
      -99 °C Jean-Claude Bradley Open Melting Point Dataset 22479, 6594
      -99 °C Alfa Aesar A18243
      -99 °C FooDB FDB003378
    • Experimental Boiling Point:

      75-76 °C Alfa Aesar
      74.8 °C Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Butanal
      75 °C Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
      75-76 °C Alfa Aesar A18243
      75-76 °C Oakwood 094987
      75-76 °C LabNetwork LN00196047
      75 °C FooDB FDB003378
    • Experimental Flash Point:

      -11 °C Alfa Aesar
      12 F (-11.1111 °C)
      Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
      -11 °C Alfa Aesar
      -11 °F (-23.8889 °C)
      Alfa Aesar A18243
      -5 °C Oakwood 094987
      -7 °C LabNetwork LN00196047
    • Experimental Gravity:

      20 g/mL Merck Millipore 1264
      20 g/l Merck Millipore 1264, 801555
      0.8 g/mL Alfa Aesar A18243
      0.8 g/mL Oakwood 094987
    • Experimental Refraction Index:

      1.38 Alfa Aesar A18243
      1.377-1.387 Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Butanal
      20 FooDB FDB003378
  • Miscellaneous
    • Appearance:

      colourless liquid with a very unpleasant smell Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
      colourless, mobile liquid/pungent, nutty odour Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Butanal
    • Stability:

      Stable. Incompatible with oxidizing agents, strong bases, strong reducing agents, strong acids. Highly flammable. Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
    • Toxicity:

      SKN-RBT LD50 3560 mg kg-1 Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
    • Safety:

      11 Alfa Aesar A18243
      3 Alfa Aesar A18243
      9/29/1933 Alfa Aesar A18243
      9/29/1933 12:00:00 AM Alfa Aesar A18243
      9-29-33 Alfa Aesar A18243
      Danger Alfa Aesar A18243
      DANGER: FLAMMABLE, irritates skin and eyes Alfa Aesar A18243
      H225 Alfa Aesar A18243
      P210-P280-P240-P303+P361+P353-P403+P235-P501a Alfa Aesar A18243
      Safety glasses and gloves. Effective ventilation. Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
  • Gas Chromatography
    • Retention Index (Kovats):

      607 (estimated with error: 45) NIST Spectra mainlib_19131, replib_19133, replib_290849, replib_61771
      568.78 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 333 C; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: DB-1; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Ciaznska-Halarewicz, K.; Kowalska, T., A study of the dependence of the Kovats retention index on the temperature of analysis on stationary phases of different polarity, Acta Chromatogr., 13, 2003, 69-80.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      569.15 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 343 C; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: DB-1; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Ciaznska-Halarewicz, K.; Kowalska, T., A study of the dependence of the Kovats retention index on the temperature of analysis on stationary phases of different polarity, Acta Chromatogr., 13, 2003, 69-80.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      570.91 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 323 C; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: DB-1; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Ciaznska-Halarewicz, K.; Kowalska, T., A study of the dependence of the Kovats retention index on the temperature of analysis on stationary phases of different polarity, Acta Chromatogr., 13, 2003, 69-80.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      571.5 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 313 C; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: DB-1; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Ciaznska-Halarewicz, K.; Kowalska, T., A study of the dependence of the Kovats retention index on the temperature of analysis on stationary phases of different polarity, Acta Chromatogr., 13, 2003, 69-80.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      571.57 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 353 C; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: DB-1; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Ciaznska-Halarewicz, K.; Kowalska, T., A study of the dependence of the Kovats retention index on the temperature of analysis on stationary phases of different polarity, Acta Chromatogr., 13, 2003, 69-80.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      573.77 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 363 C; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: DB-1; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Ciaznska-Halarewicz, K.; Kowalska, T., A study of the dependence of the Kovats retention index on the temperature of analysis on stationary phases of different polarity, Acta Chromatogr., 13, 2003, 69-80.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      575.99 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 373 C; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: DB-1; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Ciaznska-Halarewicz, K.; Kowalska, T., A study of the dependence of the Kovats retention index on the temperature of analysis on stationary phases of different polarity, Acta Chromatogr., 13, 2003, 69-80.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      578.18 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 383 C; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: DB-1; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Ciaznska-Halarewicz, K.; Kowalska, T., A study of the dependence of the Kovats retention index on the temperature of analysis on stationary phases of different polarity, Acta Chromatogr., 13, 2003, 69-80.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      580.49 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 393 C; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: DB-1; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Ciaznska-Halarewicz, K.; Kowalska, T., A study of the dependence of the Kovats retention index on the temperature of analysis on stationary phases of different polarity, Acta Chromatogr., 13, 2003, 69-80.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      583.7 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 403 C; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: DB-1; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Ciaznska-Halarewicz, K.; Kowalska, T., A study of the dependence of the Kovats retention index on the temperature of analysis on stationary phases of different polarity, Acta Chromatogr., 13, 2003, 69-80.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      587.66 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 413 C; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: DB-1; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Ciaznska-Halarewicz, K.; Kowalska, T., A study of the dependence of the Kovats retention index on the temperature of analysis on stationary phases of different polarity, Acta Chromatogr., 13, 2003, 69-80.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      588.95 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 423 C; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: DB-1; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Ciaznska-Halarewicz, K.; Kowalska, T., A study of the dependence of the Kovats retention index on the temperature of analysis on stationary phases of different polarity, Acta Chromatogr., 13, 2003, 69-80.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      570.7 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 30 C; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: HP-1; Phase thickness: 1.05 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Heberger, K.; Gorgenyi, M.; Kowalska, T., Temperature dependence of Kovats indices in gas chromatography revisited, J. Chromatogr. A, 973, 2002, 135-142.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      570.9 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 20 C; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: HP-1; Phase thickness: 1.05 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Heberger, K.; Gorgenyi, M.; Kowalska, T., Temperature dependence of Kovats indices in gas chromatography revisited, J. Chromatogr. A, 973, 2002, 135-142.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      571.1 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 50 C; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: HP-1; Phase thickness: 1.05 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Heberger, K.; Gorgenyi, M.; Kowalska, T., Temperature dependence of Kovats indices in gas chromatography revisited, J. Chromatogr. A, 973, 2002, 135-142.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      571.9 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 70 C; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: HP-1; Phase thickness: 1.05 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Heberger, K.; Gorgenyi, M.; Kowalska, T., Temperature dependence of Kovats indices in gas chromatography revisited, J. Chromatogr. A, 973, 2002, 135-142.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      572.54 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 90 C; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: HP-1; Phase thickness: 1.05 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Heberger, K.; Gorgenyi, M.; Kowalska, T., Temperature dependence of Kovats indices in gas chromatography revisited, J. Chromatogr. A, 973, 2002, 135-142.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      573.33 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 110 C; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: HP-1; Phase thickness: 1.05 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Heberger, K.; Gorgenyi, M.; Kowalska, T., Temperature dependence of Kovats indices in gas chromatography revisited, J. Chromatogr. A, 973, 2002, 135-142.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      571 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 50 C; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: HP-1; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 1.05 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Heberger, K.; Gorgenyi, M., Principal component analysis of Kovats indices for carbonyl compounds in capillary gas chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 845, 1999, 21-31.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      572 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 70 C; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: HP-1; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 1.05 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Heberger, K.; Gorgenyi, M., Principal component analysis of Kovats indices for carbonyl compounds in capillary gas chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 845, 1999, 21-31., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 90 C; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: HP-1; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 1.05 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Heberger, K.; Gorgenyi, M., Principal component analysis of Kovats indices for carbonyl compounds in capillary gas chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 845, 1999, 21-31.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      573 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 110 C; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: HP-1; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 1.05 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Heberger, K.; Gorgenyi, M., Principal component analysis of Kovats indices for carbonyl compounds in capillary gas chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 845, 1999, 21-31.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      574 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 12 ft; Column type: Packed; Start T: 150 C; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: SE-30; Substrate: Celatom AW silanized; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Haken, J.K.; Nguyen, A.; Wainwright, M.S., Application of linear extrathermodynamic relationships to alcohols, aldehydes, ketones, amd ethoxy alcohols, J. Chromatogr., 179, 1979, 75-85., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 2 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: SE-30; Substrate: Gaschrom Q; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Winskowski, J., Gaschromatographische Identifizierung von Stoffen anhand von Indexziffem und unterschiedlichen Detektoren, Chromatographia, 17(3), 1983, 160-165.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      586 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.5 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 170 C; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Greenberg, M.J., Characterization of meat and bone meal flavor volatiles, J. Agric. Food Chem., 29, 1981, 1276-1280.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      605 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 20 ft; Column type: Packed; Description: 150C (10min) => 15C/min =>200C(16min) => 10C/min => 240C; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Chromasorb W; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Minyard, J.P.; Tumlinson, J.H.; Thompson, A.C.; Hedin, P.A., Constituents of the cotton bud. The carbonyl compounds, J. Agric. Food Chem., 15(3), 1967, 517-524.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      615.44 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 343 C; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: DB-5; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Ciaznska-Halarewicz, K.; Kowalska, T., A study of the dependence of the Kovats retention index on the temperature of analysis on stationary phases of different polarity, Acta Chromatogr., 13, 2003, 69-80.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      618.79 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 353 C; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: DB-5; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Ciaznska-Halarewicz, K.; Kowalska, T., A study of the dependence of the Kovats retention index on the temperature of analysis on stationary phases of different polarity, Acta Chromatogr., 13, 2003, 69-80.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      621.39 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 333 C; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: DB-5; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Ciaznska-Halarewicz, K.; Kowalska, T., A study of the dependence of the Kovats retention index on the temperature of analysis on stationary phases of different polarity, Acta Chromatogr., 13, 2003, 69-80.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      621.98 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 363 C; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: DB-5; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Ciaznska-Halarewicz, K.; Kowalska, T., A study of the dependence of the Kovats retention index on the temperature of analysis on stationary phases of different polarity, Acta Chromatogr., 13, 2003, 69-80.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      624.13 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 323 C; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: DB-5; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Ciaznska-Halarewicz, K.; Kowalska, T., A study of the dependence of the Kovats retention index on the temperature of analysis on stationary phases of different polarity, Acta Chromatogr., 13, 2003, 69-80.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      627.05 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 313 C; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: DB-5; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Ciaznska-Halarewicz, K.; Kowalska, T., A study of the dependence of the Kovats retention index on the temperature of analysis on stationary phases of different polarity, Acta Chromatogr., 13, 2003, 69-80.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      628.73 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 373 C; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: DB-5; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Ciaznska-Halarewicz, K.; Kowalska, T., A study of the dependence of the Kovats retention index on the temperature of analysis on stationary phases of different polarity, Acta Chromatogr., 13, 2003, 69-80.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      542.1 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 3.3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 130 C; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: C78, Branched paraffin; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Dallos, A.; Sisak, A.; Kulcsar, Z.; Kovats, E., Pair-wise interactions by gas chromatography VII. Interaction free enthalpies of solutes with secondary alcohol groups, J. Chromatogr. A, 904, 2000, 211-242.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      553 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Packed; Start T: 70 C; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: Apiezon L; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Bogoslovsky, Yu.N.; Anvaer, B.I.; Vigdergauz, M.S., Chromatographic constants in gas chromatography (in Russian), Standards Publ. House, Moscow, 1978, 192., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Packed; Start T: 70 C; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: Apiezon L; Substrate: Celite (40:60 Gewichtsverhaltnis); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: von Kovats, E., 206. Gas-chromatographische Charakterisierung organischer Verbindungen. Teil 1: Retentionsindices aliphatischer Halogenide, Alkohole, Aldehyde und Ketone, Helv. Chim. Acta, 41(7), 1958, 1915-1932.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      556 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Packed; Start T: 120 C; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: Apiezon L; Substrate: Celite 545; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Bogoslovsky, Yu.N.; Anvaer, B.I.; Vigdergauz, M.S., Chromatographic constants in gas chromatography (in Russian), Standards Publ. House, Moscow, 1978, 192.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      563 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Packed; Start T: 160 C; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: Apiezon L; Substrate: Celite 545; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Bogoslovsky, Yu.N.; Anvaer, B.I.; Vigdergauz, M.S., Chromatographic constants in gas chromatography (in Russian), Standards Publ. House, Moscow, 1978, 192.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      554 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 2.3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: Apiezon L; Carrier gas: N2; Substrate: DCMS-treated Chromosorb W; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Brown, I.; Chapman, I.L.; Nicholson, G.J., Gas chromatography of polar solutes in electron acceptor stationary phases, Aust. J. Chem., 21, 1968, 1125-1141.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      568 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 2.3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 150 C; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: Apiezon L; Carrier gas: N2; Substrate: DCMS-treated Chromosorb W; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Brown, I.; Chapman, I.L.; Nicholson, G.J., Gas chromatography of polar solutes in electron acceptor stationary phases, Aust. J. Chem., 21, 1968, 1125-1141.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      594 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 10 ft; Column type: Packed; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: Apiezon L; Carrier gas: N2; Substrate: Gas Chrom P; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Minyard, J.P.; Tumlinson, J.H.; Thompson, A.C.; Hedin, P.A., Constituents of the cotton bud. The carbonyl compounds, J. Agric. Food Chem., 15(3), 1967, 517-524.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      555 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Packed; Start T: 130 C; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: Apiezon L; Substrate: Celite (40:60 Gewichtsverhaltnis); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: von Kovats, E., 206. Gas-chromatographische Charakterisierung organischer Verbindungen. Teil 1: Retentionsindices aliphatischer Halogenide, Alkohole, Aldehyde und Ketone, Helv. Chim. Acta, 41(7), 1958, 1915-1932.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      854.46 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 343 K; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: DB-Wax; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Ciaznska-Halarewicz, K.; Kowalska, T., A study of the dependence of the Kovats retention index on the temperature of analysis on stationary phases of different polarity, Acta Chromatogr., 13, 2003, 69-80.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      867.47 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 353 K; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: DB-Wax; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Ciaznska-Halarewicz, K.; Kowalska, T., A study of the dependence of the Kovats retention index on the temperature of analysis on stationary phases of different polarity, Acta Chromatogr., 13, 2003, 69-80.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      874.62 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 363 K; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: DB-Wax; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Ciaznska-Halarewicz, K.; Kowalska, T., A study of the dependence of the Kovats retention index on the temperature of analysis on stationary phases of different polarity, Acta Chromatogr., 13, 2003, 69-80.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      891.3 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 373 K; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: DB-Wax; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Ciaznska-Halarewicz, K.; Kowalska, T., A study of the dependence of the Kovats retention index on the temperature of analysis on stationary phases of different polarity, Acta Chromatogr., 13, 2003, 69-80.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      911.46 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 383 K; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: DB-Wax; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Ciaznska-Halarewicz, K.; Kowalska, T., A study of the dependence of the Kovats retention index on the temperature of analysis on stationary phases of different polarity, Acta Chromatogr., 13, 2003, 69-80.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      894.8 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 50 C; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: HP-Innowax; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Heberger, K.; Gorgenyi, M., Principal component analysis of Kovats indices for carbonyl compounds in capillary gas chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 845, 1999, 21-31.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      897.8 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 70 C; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: HP-Innowax; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Heberger, K.; Gorgenyi, M., Principal component analysis of Kovats indices for carbonyl compounds in capillary gas chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 845, 1999, 21-31.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      901.8 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 90 C; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: HP-Innowax; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Heberger, K.; Gorgenyi, M., Principal component analysis of Kovats indices for carbonyl compounds in capillary gas chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 845, 1999, 21-31.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      907.2 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 110 C; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: HP-Innowax; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Heberger, K.; Gorgenyi, M., Principal component analysis of Kovats indices for carbonyl compounds in capillary gas chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 845, 1999, 21-31.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      867 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 200 C; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Umano, K.; Shibamoto, T., Analysis of headspace volatiles from overheated beef fat, J. Agric. Food Chem., 35(1), 1987, 14-18.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      853 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column type: Packed; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Substrate: Chromosorb; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: K

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