Business Law Chapter 4 Quizlet

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Litigate
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To take one’s disputes to court
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Mediator
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In some cases, the parties invite a third party to act as a _______
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Arbitrator
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Usually holds an informal hearing to determine what happened.
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Court
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Can be defined as a governmental forum that administers justice under the law
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Trial Court
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The first court to hear a dispute
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Appellate Court
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Reviews decisions of lower courts when a party claims an error was made during previous proceedings
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Juries
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Citizen sworn by a court to decide issues of fact in court cases
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True
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(True/False) Appellate courts do not hear witnesses and generally do not accept witnesses. Appellate courts are concerned with errors of law rather than questions of fact.
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Transcript
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A verbatim record of what went on in trial
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Appellate Briefs
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written arguments on the issues of law
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Special Jurisdiction
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A court with this hears only one specific type of case
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Writ of Certiorari
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Compels the state court to turn over the record of the case to the Supreme Court for review.
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Court of Record
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Keeps an exact account of what goes on in trial
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True
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(True/False) The panel of judges from the state court of appeals usually consists of no more than three judges.
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Municipal Courts
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Cities typically have these that administer their ordinances, usually divided into traffic and criminal divisions
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Juveniles
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Younger members of society, usually defined as being between 13 and 18.
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True
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(True/False) Appeals from actions of the juvenile courts are directed to the circuit courts
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Probate Courts
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Courts that administer wills and estates

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