Business Law-Chapter 2

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ADR means…?
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Alternate Dispute Resolution
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The first 10 Amendments are known as…?
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The Bill of Rights
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Plaintiff
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The party who claims to have suffered
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Defendant
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The party who allegedly harmed the plaintiff
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Jurisdiction
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The right and power to interpret and enforce the law.
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In personam jurisdiction
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The best power and authority can have over the defendant in a civil case.
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In Rem Jurisdiction
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Court authority over a property dispute.
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Exclusive Jurisdiction
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Only one type of Court can hear a case. Ex. Only a Federal Court can hear a bankruptcy or copyright case.
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Long Arm Jurisdiction
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When a person commits a crime in another state, they can required to return to where the damage was caused to defend yourself, rather than the plaintiff going to your state to sue you.
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Concurrent Jurisdiction
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Where more than one level Court has jurisdiction over a case.
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Venue
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The geographic location of the Court.
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Grand Jury
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Citizens subpoenaed to be a member of the jury.
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Obligations of the Grand Jury…
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listens to the evidence ( criminal cases) by govt. attorney. The accused is not present.
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True Bill
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The Grand Jury found sufficient evidence in a criminal case. The accused is found guilty.
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No Bill
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The Grand Jury did not find enough sufficient evidence in a criminal case.
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How many Justices does the US Supreme Court have?
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Nine
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A Petition for Certiorari must be filed…
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when one seeks to have the case heard by the Supreme Court.
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A Writ of Certiorari is issued when…?
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the US Supreme Court grants a hearing.
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Examples of Federal Courts..
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U.S. Supreme Court, US District Courts of Appeal, US District Court
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Examples of State Courts
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State Supreme Court, State Court of Appeal; Circuit or Superior Court

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