Blood study guide

lymphocyte
what is the smallest of the white blood cells?
mono nucleus
what type of nucleus does a lymphocyte have?
antibodies
what does a lymphocyte make?
hemoglobin
what is oxygen combined with to be transported around the body?
plasma
what portion of the blood are small organic molecules such as glucose transported in?
platelets, fibrinogen, prothrombin
what one formed element and two proteins is blood clotting dependent on?
agranulocytes and granulocytes
two divisions of white blood cells:
granules
what do granulocytes have in the cytoplasm?
protein
what type of molecule is an antibody?
antigens
what do antibodies combine with?
neutrophils
what phagocytises bacteria?
phagocytising
neutrophils function by ____________ bacteria
A and B
what antigens does blood type AB have on red blood cells?
no
does blood type AB have antibodies in the plasma?
Rh positive
An Rh-negative woman may form antibodies that destroy her _________ baby’s red blood cells
Rh-negative
A(n) _________ woman may form antibodies that destroy her Rh positive baby’s red blood cells
antibodies
An Rh-negative woman may form ________ that destroy her Rh positive baby’s red blood cells
erythrocyte
Scientific name for a red blood cell:
red bone marrow
where red and white blood cells are made:
leukocytes
scientific name for white blood cells
polymorphonuclear
what is a leukocyte with many-lobed nuclei called?
Neutrophil
what is:
-polymorphonuclear
-granular
-phagocytic
-Made in red bone marrow
lymphocyte
what is:
-mononuclear
-agranular
-a producer of antibodies
-Made in red bone marrow
phagocytising, antibodies
Two ways white blood cells fight infection:
platelets, prothrombin, fibrinogen
three substances that are always present in the blood:
thromboblastin, thrombin, fibrin threads
three substances that arise after the blood has begun the process of clotting
fibrin threads
the actual clot in the blood:
capillaries
the most important part of the circulatory system which exchanges nutrients and wastes
clotting, or ‘aglutenation’
The antigen-antibody reaction between an antigen and an antibody of the same letter-type causes what?
water
What is the plasma constituent which maintains blood volume and transports molecules?
plasma proteins and salt
What is the plasma constituent which maintains blood osmotic pressure and pH?
Gases
What is the plasma constituent is involved in cellular respiration and end product of metabolism?
Nutrients
What is the plasma constituent which is food for cells?
wastes
What is the plasma constituent that’s the end product of metabolism?
hormones salts and vitamins
What is the plasma constituent which aids metabolism?
large intestine
where is water absorbed from?
liver
what is the source of albumin?
liver
what is the source of fibrinogen?
lymphocytes
what is the source of globulins?
lungs
what is the source of O2?
tissues
what is the source of CO2?
intestinal villi
where are nutrients absorbed from?
intestinal villi
what is the source of salts?
tissues
what is the source of wastes?
varied
what is the source of hormones and vitamins?