# BACB Terms 3 Content Area 4 – Flashcards

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Gothic Architecture
stained glass were common, rose windows over entrances, zodiac symbols common,
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Baseline
Pre-intervention assessment that is used to refine recording procedures, design the intervention and provide data with which to compare intervention data when evaluating intervention effects.
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Behavioral view of “sensory defensiveness”
Tactile stimuli are negative reinforcers
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Complete Behavioral Support Plan
4 Elements: motivational operations, discriminative control, replacement behaviors and consequence manipulations
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Conditional probability
The likelihood of an event occurring, given another event (e.g., how often a behavior occurs, given an antecedent). Formula: #A--> B/ # A OR # B --> C/# B.
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Contextual Variables (setting events)
Variables that are more generally present stimuli that are not necessarily manipulated as part of a behavior change program. May influence the efficacy of behavioral procedures. Ex: medical status, task variation, number of staff, etc.
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Dependent Group Contingency
Reinforcer for a group depends on the behavior of a single person or small # of people
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Ecological Changes
Changing schedules, staffing patterns, activities, diet, etc.
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How to compute conditional probability of A-B sequences
# A-->B / # A
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How to compute conditional probability of B-C sequences
# B-->C / # B
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Ecological changes, antecedent manipulation, replacement skills, change consequences of appropriate and inappropriate behaviors, emergency procedures, motivational operations
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Lag 1
"Examines the liklihood that an event occurs given another event that occurs just before.Example: A --> B"
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Lag 2
"Examines the liklihood that an event occurs given another event that occurs 2 events prior.Example: A2 --> A --> B"
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Lag sequential analysis
'Computations that examine the liklihood that an event will occur given another event. It can be between an A and B, or between a B and C. Formula for A and B: Prob(A-->B)/Prob(A). Formula for B and C: Prob(B-->C)/Prob(B)
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Naturalistic behavioral assesment
Behavioral assessment that occurs in the natural environment.
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Pattern Analysis
Looking for patterns of behavior, noting any kind of correlation of behavior and some other factor. Ex: time of day, staff, curriculum, etc. Common type of pattern analysis is scatterplot.
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Pica
Consuming inedible items (e.g., screws, bolts, small toys)
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Replacement Skills
New skills that are taught to replace target behaviors in order to obtain the same reinforcer
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Sequence Analysis
Identifying events that typically precede and follow a target behavior. Also called ABC Analysis.
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Testing Hypothesis in Functional Analysis
Conditions are arranged to test the hypothesis. Ex: to assess behavior thought to occur for attention, compare condition in which attention is given after behavior with that where attention is withheld after behavior.
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