Art history B

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corps
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body or group
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laterally reversed
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mirror image
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lithograph
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produced by etching an image onto a flat surface, then copying the etched surface by applying ink (or some equivalent) to it and pressing another material against it
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monochrome
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one color in various hues; black and white
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tonally reversed
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dark appears light and light appears dark
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topography
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topography
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immediacy
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a sense of capturing a single moment in time
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details
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including those not planted by the photographer
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avant-garde
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military term meaning \”front line\”; today means \”cutting edge\”
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ethereal
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momentary, quickly vanishing
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eurhythmy
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body movements in harmony to musical rhythm
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formal
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using composition and design for an artistic effect
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juxtaposition
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the placement of one object against or side by side another
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nuance
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delicate and subtle; not obvious, but artful
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quintessential
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primary example
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subversiveness
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quality of that which undermines the established
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Dante’s Inferno
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part of The Divine Comedy, an epic poem that deals with Dante’s imagined trip through the hell, purgatory, and heaven while guided by the poet Virgil
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molds
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shape or form used to create an exact likeness
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caricature
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a painting or drawing of a person that exaggerates specific features of that person such as big ears or nose
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pastoral
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peaceful farming scenes
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prolific
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characterized by creating large numbers of works
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pointillism
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a painting technique that uses small individual dots that when combined create the illusion of a whole picture
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subjective
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an individualized viewpoint
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en vogue
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French for \”in style\”
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Expressionism
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visual product of emotional spontaneity
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connotation
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the implied meaning rather than the dictionary meaning
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graphic art
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two-dimensional art forms such as drawing, engraving, etching and illustration in their various forms
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macabre
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gruesome; a fascination with horror
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metaphorical
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meaning something else
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mysticism
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belief in direct communication with God
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suggestive
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implying something else
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high-key
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greater contrast with bright whiteness and light tone
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optical color
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the effect of color as seen in lighting conditions other than white daylight, such as rain, sunrise, sunset, candlelight, and so on
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dynamism
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characterized by a sense of energy and movement
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fascism
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the subordination of the individual to the state
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nonobjectivity
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art representing no natural object, figure or scene
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superimposing
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placing one image on top of the other
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mobile
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a sculpture meant to hang in the air and twist in the wind
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nihilism
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complete denial or rejection of all established authority and institutions; a belief in nothing
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Works Progress Administration
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a governmental relief program that pumped millions of dollars into the economy and helped people work through and survive the Great Depression
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secularism
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a movement that places focus upon mortal men, rather than God
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secular humanism
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a belief system that prioritizes the study and progress of human interests over all others
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Africanist
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someone who studies the influence of African culture and history
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Works Progress Administration
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a governmental relief program that pumped millions of dollars into the economy and helped people work through and survive the Great Depression
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iambic pentameter
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the rhythm of a Petrarchan sonnet; lines consist of ten syllables each, with the accent on the even-numbered syllables
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octave
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the first eight lines of the Petrarchan sonnet, in which the topic is introduced and the problem is established
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sestet
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the final six lines of the Petrarchan sonnet, in which the problem is reflected upon and resolved
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volta
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the turning point at the beginning of the sestet, where the poet transitions from the problem to reflection and resolution
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Africanist
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someone who studies the influence of African culture and history
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irony
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meaning something other than what is indicated, often the opposite
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Works Progress Administration
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a governmental relief program that pumped millions of dollars into the economy and helped people work through and survive the Great Depression
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posthumously
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after death
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public art
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art generally paid for by government to beautify parks, buildings, and other public property
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taboo
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forbidden subject or behavior
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deft
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quick and neat in action; skillful
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graphite
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a grayish-black form of carbon that is used in paints, pencils, and lubricants
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suffragette
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a woman who advocated suffrage, or the right to vote, for women
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aficionado
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one who appreciates and admires something
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automatism
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performing a task unconsciously
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curator
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The person in charge of collecting the exhibits. This person will also determine the worth of each piece based on a series of steps
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static
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not moving
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high art
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fine art of great quality generally seen in museums and galleries
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installation
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an art form that manipulates the experience of space, often using media and sculpture
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still
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photograph, as opposed to a motion picture, can be a single frame from a movie
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appropriation
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using the works of others to create a new piece
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austerity
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a harsh plainness; no frills or decorations
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pastiche
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a work of art that intentionally imitates other works, often to ridicule or satire
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documentary
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style of photography that aims to tell a true story
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stoic
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possessing an ability to suffer without complaint
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tonality
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the hue of a black-and-white photograph and the gradation of black to white throughout the photograph
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catharsis
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the release of emotional tension the audience or reader feels at the end of a tragedy
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problem play
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a label given to a few of Shakespeare’s plays because they lack the basic characteristics of comedy or tragedy, have a somber mood, and have morally ambiguous characters
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Shakespearean tragedy
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a play depicting the fall and death of a prominent character
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tragic flaw
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a fundamental problem in a character that results in the character undergoing suffering
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tragic hero
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a person of high social position who suffers a reversal of fortune in part because of a tragic flaw and dies but gains insight or a deeper humanity as a result of suffering
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revenge tragedy
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a popular form of Elizabethan drama that centered on the central character’s desire to exact revenge for a crime committed against him or his family and ended in many deaths
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source
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a story from history, folk literature, or other from which an author draws plots or characters when creating a new work
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anchorage
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a place to anchor or hold on to something
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lattices
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a crisscross design
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undulate
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to move or appear to move like waves

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