Art Exam 3

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to define ideas, to plan for larger projects, to resolve design issues in preparatory sketches, to record their visual observations
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Artist draw for many reasons, including
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a cartoon
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When Raphael was preparing to paint his fresco The School of Athens he did a large drawing called __________ to help place the design on the wall
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9B
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Pencils have a range of values from very light to very dark. If you wanted a dark value, which of these pencil numbers would be the darkest?
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pressure
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In her self-portrait, the artist Ilka Gedo used pencil and varied the ______ in order to suggest texture, create emphasis, and to produce darker values.
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wax
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Color pencil is much like graphite pencil, but the lead is made from pigment and _______.
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silverpoint
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This drawing medium utilizes a piece of silver wire set in a holder
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scratching
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When creating his silver point drawing Heads of the Virgin and Child, Raphael employed _______, a process in which the artist uses closely arranged parallel lines to create value.
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charcoal
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Samples of this drawing medium have been dated back to 30,000 BCE.
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binder
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Sticks of chalk, pastel, and crayon are all made by combining pigment with
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wax
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Artists’ chalk is powered calcium carbonate combined with this binder
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egg
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Artists’ crayon is made by mixing pigment with______
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sgraffito
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This red chalk was used by Renaissance artists, including Michealangelo in his Studies for the Libyan Sibyl
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pastel
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The French Impressionist Edgar Degas used this dry drawing medium when he created The Tub in 1886
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Conte Crayon
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The French artist Georges Seurat created a study for his huge painting La Grande using this waxy medium
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Willem de Kooning
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Erasers can be used by artist as drawing tools. In 1953 Robert Rauschenburg created a work by erasing a drawing by this famous Abstract Expressionist painter.
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India Ink
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This comtemporary version of carbon ink is a favorite of comic book artists.
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rocks
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Quills are a common tool for ink drawing. They were originally made from_____
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quill
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East Asian artists have tradionally applied ink using a _____.
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using different values of ink
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An artist who is using brush and ink will often control the value of the ink by _____.
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Christianity
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In the ink brush painting of bamboo by Wu Zhen, the work is created in a way that expresses the central beliefs of balanced opposites from this religion
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Confucius
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The album of ink brush painting of bamboo by the Chinese artist Wu Zhen was created as an instructional model to help this person learn the art of brushwork
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laid
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In addition to its fiber content and weight, paper is also classified by its surface texture. What is the type of paper that is created on a screen with a grid-like structure
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contour drawing
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This is the practice of drawing from a live model or other actual objects.
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architecture
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In the gestural drawing Muscalar Dynamism by Umberto Boccioni, the artist used chalk and charcoal to depict the undulating surface of ______
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genre
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This type of drawing involves the use of long continuous lines to capture the changing surface and outline of an object

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