APUSH Ch. 21-23 Test

Flashcard maker : Marta Browning
John Dewey
United States pragmatic philosopher who advocated progressive education
Social Gospel
Movement led by Washington Gladden – taught religion and human dignity would help the middle class over come problems of industrialization
Socialism
an economic system based on state ownership of capital and industry
Eugene V. Debs
He was the president and the organizer of the American Railway Union. He organized the Pullman Strike and helped organized the Social Democratic party.
Ida B. Tarbell
Wrote \”The History of the Standard Oil Company\” which exposed the ruthlessness with which John B. Rockerfeller had turned his oil business into an all powerful monopoly
Muchrakers
Reform oriented journalists, investigative reporters and exposed the problem areas of society
Hull House
Settlement house founded by progressive reformer Jane Adams in Chicago in 1889, designed as a welfare agency for needy families. It provided social and educational opportunities for working class people in the neighborhood as well as improving some of the conditions caused by poverty.
Suffrage Movement
the drive for voting rights for women that took place in the united states from 1890 to 1920.
Bob LaFollette
spoke out against political corruption, business monopolies, and the unequal distribution of wealth in society. fought for citizens direct invovlvement in government and elections. supported management of natural resources, regulation of big businesses, labor unions, and the women’s right to vote
Initiative
allowed all citizens to introduce a bill into the legislative and required members to take a vote on it
Referendum
The name given to the political process in which the general public votes on an issue of public concern.
Recall
the act of removing an official by petition
17th Amendment
Passed in 1913, this amendment to the Constitution calls for the direct election of senators by the voters instead of their election by state legislatures.
Primary System
A system in which voters in a jurisdiction select candidates for an upcoming general election.
Niagra Movement
Led by W.E.B. Du Bois, that focused on equal rights and education of African American youth. Rejecting the gradualist approach of Booker T. Washington, members kept alive a program of militant action and claimed for African Americans all the rights afforded to other Americans. It spawned later civil rights movements.
Jim Crow Laws
Limited rights of blacks. Literacy tests, grandfather clauses and poll taxes limited black voting rights, The \”separate but equal\” segregation laws state and local laws enacted in the Southern and border states of the United States and enforced between 1876 and 1965
Plessy v. Ferguson
a 1896 Supreme Court decision which legalized state ordered segregation so long as the facilities for blacks and whites were equal
W. E. B. DuBois
He believed that African Americans should strive for full rights immediately. He helped found the Niagara Movement in 1905 to fight for equal rights. He also helped found the NAACP.
Ida B. Wells
African American journalist. published statistics about lynching, urged African Americans to protest by refusing to ride street cars or shop in white owned stores
Booker T. Washington
Prominent black American, born into slavery, who believed that racism would end once blacks acquired useful labor skills and proved their economic value to society, was head of the Tuskegee Institute in 1881. His book \”Up from Slavery.\”
Atlanta Compromise
Major speech on race-relations given by Booker T. Washington addressing black labor opportunities, and the peril of whites ignoring black injustice
Hepburn Act
Prohibited free passes. Gave ICC enough power to regulate the economy. It allowed it to set freight rates and required a uniform system of accounting by regulated transportation companies.
The Jungle
This 1906 work by Upton Sinclair pointed out the abuses of the meat packing industry. The book led to the passage of the 1906 Meat Inspection Act.
The Square Deal
Teddy Roosevelt’s campaign slogan in the election of 1904. It was meant that all Americans should have an equal opportunity to succeed.
New Freedom
Woodrow Wilson’s domestic policy that, promoted antitrust modification, tariff revision, and reform in banking and currency matters.
Man Elkins Act
gave ICC power to regulate telephone, telegraph and cable line
Clayton Antitrust Act
(WW) 1914, New antitrust legislation constructed to remedy deficiencies of the Sherman Antitrust Act, namely, it’s effectiveness against labor unions, also made labor unions not dependent on antilaws
Federal Trade Commision
A government agency established in 1914 to prevent unfair business practices and help maintain a competitive economy
Underwood Tariff
1914, lowered tariff, substantially reduced import fees. Lost tax revenue would be replaced with an income tax that was implemented with the 16th amendment.
16th Amendment
Amendment to the United States Constitution (1913) gave Congress the power to tax income.

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