AP World History Strayer Chapter 5 Vocabulary

Flashcard maker : Pat Coker
China’s scholar-gentry class
*Definition:* Describes members of China’s landowning families, reflecting their wealth from the land and privilege that they derived as government officials.

*Significance:* Social class that divided the people. It caused conflicts between different groups of people. It was a way to organize.

Wang Mang
*Definition:* Han court official who was usurped the throne and ruled from 8CE to 23CE.

*Significance:* Had a reform movement that included the breakup of the estates of large landowners. Power of officials vs Power of landlords.

Ge Hong
*Definition:* Chinese scholar

*Significance:* Led a rebellion against military leaders and abandoned society (Daoism) and searched for immortality.

Yellow Turban Rebellion
*Definition:* Massive Chinese peasant uprising with goal of a new golden age of equality and harmony.

*Significance:* Peasants vs Elites/landowners. Fight for what they wanted caused major conflict.

Caste as Varna and Jati
*Definition:* System of social organization in India that has evolved over millennia. Based on division of 4 classes (varna) with addition of thousands of social distinctions based on occupations (jatis).

*Significance:* The main cell of social life in India. Organized life and status.

\”Ritual Purity\” in Indian Social practices
*Definition:* Idea that members of high castes must adhere to strict regulations limiting or forbidding their contact with object/members of lower castes to preserve own caste.

*Significance:* Division of people. The lowest caste vs highest caste had potential conflict and segregation.

Greek and Roman Slavery
*Definition:* Slaves were captives from war, piracy, and children victims of long-distance trade.

*Significance:* Household service was the most common slaves with the Greeks. The Romans had slaves work in brutal conditions of mines. Different situations since the beginning.

Spartacus
*Definition:* Roman gladiator who led the most serious slave revolt in Roman History form 73 BCE to 71 BCE.

*Significance:* Made slave owners worried and aware of threat that slaves could fight back. Caused other rebellions and uprisings (inspirational).

The \”Three Obediences\”
*Definition:* Chinese Confucian notion of women subordinate to male control: Father, Husband, Son.

*Significance:* The base of gender distinction through Confucianism (even today).

Patriarchy
*Definition:* Men above women in all society, politics, and home.

*Significance:* Started to weaken in second-wave era but still present.

Empress Wu
*Definition:* Only Female \”Emperor\” in Chinese history.

*Significance:* Patronised scholarship, elevated position of women, provoked backlash of confucian misogynist invective.

Aspasia and Pericles
*Definition:* Foreign women in Athens/ Prominent and influential statesman of Athens in the Golden Age.

*Significance:* After Pericles’ death, Aspasia still held high(er) status. Famed for learning (education) and wit (conversationalist).

Helots
*Definition:* Dependent, semi-enslaved class of ancient Sparta.

*Significance:* Social discontent prompted the militarisation of Spartan society. Cause of way of life in Sparta.

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