Please enter something

AP World History chapter 27

question

Religion, based on Four Noble Truths, associated with Siddhartha Gautama (563–483 B.C.E.), or the Buddha; its adherents desired to eliminate all distracting passion and reach nirvana.
answer

Buddhism
question

Japanese puppet theater.
answer

Bunraku
question

Religion emerging from Middle East in the first century C.E. holding Jesus to be the son of God who sacrificed himself on behalf of mankind.
answer

Christianity
question

Philosophy, based on the teachings of the Chinese philosopher Kong Fuzi (551-479 B.C.E.), or Confucius, that emphasizes order, the role of the gentleman, obligation to society, and reciprocity.
answer

Confucianism
question

Powerful territorial lords in early modern Japan.
answer

Daimyo
question

European knowledge that reached Tokugawa Japan.
answer

Dutch learning
question

Term for centers of urban culture in Japan under the Tokugawa shogunate.
answer

Floating Worlds
question

Group founded by Ignatius Loyola in 1540 that maintained high educational standards and served worldwide as missionaries.
answer

Jesuits
question

Japanese theater in which actors were free to improvise and embellish the words.
answer

Kabuki
question

Manchurians who conquered China, putting an end to the Ming dynasty and founding the Qing dynasty (1644-1911).
answer

Manchus
question

Chinese belief that the emperors ruled through the mandate, or approval, of heaven contingent on their ability to look after the welfare of the population.
answer

Mandate of Heaven
question

Chinese dynasty (1368-1644) founded by Hongwu and known for its cultural brilliance.
answer

Ming
question

Only city in Japan open to the outside world where only Dutch merchants were permitted to trade.
answer

Nagasaki
question

Philosophy that attempted to merge certain basic elements of Confucian and Buddhist thought; most important of the early Neo-Confucianists was the Chinese thinker Zhu Xi (1130-1200).
answer

Neo-Confucianism
question

System of social organization in which males dominate the family and where public institutions, descent, and succession are traced through the male line.
answer

Patriarchy
question

Chinese dynasty (1644-1911) that reached its peak during the reigns of Kangxi and Qianlong.
answer

Qing
question

Civil servants, selected through rigorous examinations and schooled in Confucian texts and calligraphy, who governed the Chinese empire of the Qing dynasty.
answer

Scholar-Bureaucrats
question

Indigenous Japanese religion that emphasizes purity, clan loyalty, and the divinity of the emperor.
answer

Shintoism
question

Japanese military leader who ruled in place of the emperor.
answer

Shogun
question

Last shogunate in Japanese history (1600-1867); it was founded by Tokugawa Ieyasu who was notable for unifying Japan.
answer

Tokugawa
question

Japanese word for the \”floating worlds,\” a Buddhist term for the insignificance of the world that came to represent the urban centers in Tokugawa Japan.
answer

Ukiyo
question

Chinese Ming emperor (r. 1572-1620) whose refusal to meet with officials hurried the decline of Ming dynasty.
answer

Wanli
question

Neo-Confucian Chinese philosopher (1130-1200).
answer

Zhu Xi