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AP Psychology Semester Review

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Plato and Socrates
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mind should be seperate
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Wilhelm Wundt’s early experiments
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simplest mental processes
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In early years, psychology focused, but 20’s & 60’s focused on……
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mental life; observable behavior
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Reproductive advantages of inherited psychological traits
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evolutionary
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Bio. perspective behavior influenced by
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blood chemistry
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Dr. Mills- behaviors of others
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social psychology
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Dr. Ochoa large manufacturing
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industrial-organizational psychology
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Dr. Winkle intelligence w/ aging
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devolpmental
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clinical psychologists behavior unconscious drives
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psychodynamic
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approach concerned with assessing nature+nurture
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biopsychosocial
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Early 1960’s, cognitive revolution involved study of
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mental processes
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Introspection used by Titchener
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elements of sensory experience
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Hindsight bias refers to
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exxagerate ability to forseen past events
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tendency to know more than we do
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overconfidence
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Historians describe which 3 attitudes viewpoint
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curiosity, skepticism, humility
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questioning attitude
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critical thinking
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Profesor Fayad
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theory
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hypothesis
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testable prediction
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Psychologists personal values and goals
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can bias their own observations and interpretations
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a researcher gathers data w/o talking w/ students
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informed consent
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difference between experimental and control groups and difference unlikely to be by chance
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standard deviation
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why are researchers careful to use large, representative samples in studies
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ensure reliable and valid results
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distribution of test scores, most affected by high scores
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mean
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dendrites are branching extensions of…..
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neurons
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an axon is
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extension of neuron that carries messages away
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Speed of neural impulse is increased when axon is encased in……
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myelin sheath
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minimum level of stimulation required to trigger a neural stimulus is called the…….
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threshold
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a synapse is…..
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junction between sending neuron and recieving neuron
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Neural networks refer to
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interconnected clusters of neurons in central nervous system
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Which endocrine gland regulates body growth
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pituitary
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Sheelahjerk hand out of scalding water w/o even touching it b/c reflex
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was activated by interneurons in her spinal cord
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football quarter make calculations of reciever distances, player movements, and gravitational forces
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neural networks
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Simple, autonomic, inborn response to a sensory stimulus is called
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reflex
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Somatic Nervous System is component of
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peripheral
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Brain lesion refers to
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destruction
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Concentration of glucose inn active regions of brain underlies usefullness of
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PET scan
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Severing a cat’s reticular formation causes cat to
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lapse into a coma
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Which brain structure recieves info from all senses except smell
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thalamus
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The “little brain” attached to rear of brainstem
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cerebellum
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Your consciouss awarness of your name and self identity relies on functioning of
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cerebral cortex
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surgical removal of brain tumor from Dane’s occipital lobe will cause to suffer from loss of
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visual perception
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Which brain area is primarily involved with controlling speech
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Broca’s area
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brain area is primarily involved w/ understanding and producing speech
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Wernicke’s area
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Split brain patients have their ____ cut
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corpus callosum
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Some trying to add series of 3 digit numbers probably experiencing increased brain waves and blood flow to……
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left hemisphere
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Which cognitive neuroscience reflects “much of our everyday thinking, feeling, and acting operates our conscious awarness”
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dual processing
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Assessing relative effects of nature + nurture on differences in personality would be of most direct interest to
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behavior genetics
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Biochemical units of heredity that make up chromosomes are called
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genes
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Indentical twins originate from the fertilization of
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a single egg cell by a single sperm cell
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compared w/ identical twins, fraternal twins are
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less likely to be the same sex and less likely to be similar in extraversion