Please enter something

AP Psychology Chapter 17 – Therapy

question

psychotherapy
answer

an emotionally charged, confiding interaction between a trained therapist and someone who suffers from psychological difficulties
question

biomedical therapy
answer

prescribed medications or medical procedures that act directly on the patient’s nervous system
question

eclectic approach
answer

an approach to psychotherapy that, depending on the client’s problems, uses techniques from various forms of therapy
question

psychoanalysis
answer

Sigmund Freud’s therapeutic technique. Freud believed the patient’s feee associations, resistances, dreams, and transferences–and the therapist’s interpretations of them–released previously repressed feelings, allowing the patient to gain self-insight
question

resistance
answer

in psychoanalysis, the blocking from consciousness of anxiety-laden material
question

interpretation
answer

in psychoanalysis, the analyst’s noting supposed dream meanings, resistances, and other significant behaviors and events in order to promote insight
question

transference
answer

in psychoanalysis, the patient’s transfer to the analyst of emotions linked with other relationships (such as love or hatred for a parent)
question

client-centered therapy
answer

a humanistic therapy, developed by Carl Rogers, in which the therapist uses techniques such as active listening within genuine, accepting, empathetic environment to facilitate clients’ growth
question

present; future; past
answer

Unlike many psychoanalytic therapists, humanistic therapists tend to focus on the _____ and ______ more than the _____.
question

conscious; unconscious
answer

Unlike many psychoanalytic therapists, humanistic therapists tend to focus on the _____ thoughts more than the _____ thoughts.
question

responsibility
answer

Unlike many psychoanalytic therapists, humanistic therapists tend to focus on taking immediate ________ for one’s feelings and actions, rather than uncovering hidden determinants.
question

growth; illness
answer

Unlike many psychoanalytic therapists, humanistic therapists tend to focus on promoting _____ rather than curing _____.
question

active listening
answer

empathetic listening in which the listener echoes, restate, and clarifies. A feature of Rogers’ client-centered therapy.
question

Rogers
answer

the theorist behind “client-centered therapy”
question

paraphrase, invite clarification, reflect feelings
answer

Three things an active listener must do
question

behavior therapy
answer

therapy that applies learning principles to the elimination of unwanted behaviors
question

counterconditioning
answer

a behavior therapy procedure that conditions new responses to stimuli that trigger unwanted behaviors; based on classical conditioning. Includes exposure therapy and aversive conditioning
question

exposure therapy; aversive conditioning
answer

Counterconditioning includes both ________ _________ and ___________ ____________.
question

exposure therapies
answer

behavioral techniques, such as systematic desensitization, that treat anxieties by exposing people (in imagination or actuality) to the things they fear and avoid.
question

systematic desensitization
answer

a type of counterconditioning that associates a pleasant relaxed state with gradually increased anxiety-triggering stimuli. Commonly used to treat phobias.
question

virtual reality exposure therapy
answer

An anxiety treatment that progressively exposes people to simulations of their greatest fear, such as airplane flying, spiders, or public speaking.
question

aversive conditioning
answer

a type of counter-conditioning that associates an unpleasant state (such as nausea) with an unwanted behavior (such as drinking alcohol)
question

progressive relaxation
answer

Using _____ ______, a therapist trains you through systematic desensitization to relax one muscle group after another until you achieve a drowsy state of complete relaxation and comfort.
question

token economy
answer

an operant conditioning procedure in which people earn token of some sort for exhibiting a desired behavior and can later exchange the tokens for various privileges or treats.
question

cognitive therapy
answer

therapy that teaches people new, more adaptive ways of thinking and acting; based on the assumption that thoughts intervene between events and our emotional reactions
question

cognitive-behavior therapy
answer

a popular integrated therapy that combines cognitive therapy (changing self-defeating thinking) with behavior therapy (changing behavior)
question

family therapy
answer

therapy that treats the family as a system. Views an individual’s unwanted behaviors as influenced by or directed at other family members; attempts to guide family members toward positive relationships and improved communication.
question

interpersonal therapy
answer

a brief 12- to 16-session form of psychodynamic therapy
question

Humanistic therapists
answer

focus on clients’ present and future experiences, on conscious rather than unconscious thoughts, and on taking responsibility for one’s feelings and actions
question

crisis; need to believe; therapists
answer

Many people think clients tend to overestimate the effectiveness of psychotherapy because 1) people often enter therapy in _______; 2) clients may ___________ the therapy was worth the effort; 3) Clients generally speak kindly of their _______.
question

meta-analysis
answer

a procedure for statistically combining the results of many different research studies
question

regression toward the mean
answer

the tendency for unusual events to “regress” toward their average state.
question

improve; more; improve
answer

Those not undergoing therapy often _____, but those undergoing therapy are ____ likely to _____.
question

cognitive therapy, interpersonal therapy, and behavior therapy
answer

empirically supported therapies for depression
question

cognitive therapy, exposure therapy, and stress inoculation training
answer

empirically supported therapies for anxiety
question

cognitive-behavior therapy
answer

empirically supported therapy for bulimia
question

behavior modification
answer

empirically supported therapy for bed-wetting
question

Francine Shapiro
answer

introduced eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR)
question

eye movement desensitization and reprocessing
answer

type of anxiety-reducing therapy introduced by Francine Shapiro, in which one spontaneously darts one’s eyes about in order to unlock from frozen trauma memories
question

Franz Anton Mesmer
answer

introduced animal magnetism (hypnosis)
question

animal magnetism
answer

another term for hypnosis, which was introduced by Franz Anton Mesmer
question

seasonal affective disorder
answer

oversleeping, gaining weight, and feeling lethargic during the dark mornings and overcast days of winter
question

hope for demoralized people; a new perspective on oneself and the world; and an empathetic, trusting, caring relationship
answer

three things offered by therapies
question

psychopharmacology
answer

the study of drug effects on mind and behavior
question

double-blind technique
answer

used by researchers to evaluate the effectiveness of any new drug; half the patients receive the drug, the other have a similar-appearing placebo
question

tardive dyskinesia
answer

involuntary movements of the facial muscles, tongue, and limbs; a possible neurotoxic side effect of long-term use of antipsychotic drugs that target D2 dopamine receptors
question

new generation anti-psychotic drugs
answer

target D1 dopamine receptors; have fewer side effects like tar dive dyskinesia, but appear hardly more effective and seem to increase the risk of obesity and diabetes
question

electroconvulsive therapy
answer

a biomedical therapy for severely depressed patients in which a brief electric current is sent through the brain of an anesthetized patient
question

repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS)
answer

the application of repeated pulses of magnetic energy to the brain; used to stimulate or suppress brain activity
question

psychosurgery
answer

surgery that removes or destroys brain tissue in an effort to change behavior
question

lobotomy
answer

a now-rare psychosurgical procedure once used to calm uncontrollably emotional or violent patients. The procedure cut the nerves that connect the frontal lobes to the emotion-controlling centers of the inner brain.