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Test Answers on Anthro Exam 2

Flashcard maker : Noah Thomson
According to a study by the United Nations, what percentage of the worlds population lives in poverty?
40 percent

According to Marxist theory, which of the following is the capitalist class that controls the means of production?
bourgeoisie

According to the Gini index, the economic gap between rich and poor nations is
growing

according to the text, increased participation in global economy means that many woman who migrate from the global south find work as:
nannies

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, in 2009, how many U.S. children lived in poverty?
one in four

According to your chapter, what percentage of college students in a 2006 college survey would define oral sex as “having sex” with someone?
40 percent

Alfred Kinsey posited which of the following about human sexual behavior? Select all that apply.
Heterosexuality is the natural human state.

All human beings of every “race” share what percentage of their DNA:
99.9%

all of the women in patty kellys research in brothel in chipas mexico, used the brothel as a way to do all of the following except
work out unresolved childhood issues

Ambilineal descent groups such as Samoans, Maori, and Hawaiians are sometimes referred to as:
cognatic descent groups.

Among the Etoro of Papua New Guinea, males have almost exclusive access to power, wealth, and resources over females. This is an example of which of the following terms?
gender stratification

An analytic framework for assessing how factors such as race, gender, and class interact to shape individual life chances and societal patterns of stratification” is best known as which of the following
intersectionality

anthropologist Oscar Lewis’s concept of the culture of poverty argues that poverty is the result of
dysfunctional behaviors, attitudes, and values of poor people.

Anthropologists and geological scholars today believe earth to be approximately:
4.6 billion years old

Anthropologists define the concept of ethnicity as
a sense of historical, cultural, and sometimes ancestral connection to a group of people who are imagined to be distinct from those outside the group.

Anthropologists trace the roots of which of the following patterns of social stratification to the rise of intensive agriculture and populous market towns?
extreme stratification

Anthropologists use to term “affinal relationships” to refer to kinship relationships created by
all of these
compassionate marriages.
arranged marriages.
cross cousin marriages.

Anthropologists view ethnicity as
a flexible and negotiable cultural construct that can change depending on the circumstances.

Approximately what percentage of humans is born with biological traits not exactly associated with either male or female?
1.7 percent

are key cultural institutions through which we learn what it means to be heterosexual
weddings

Around 15,000 yBP, modern Homo sapiens had left Asia and migrated to:
North and South America

As a ritual ceremony, the potlatch serves to establish social status not by wealth and power but by the prestige earned via a person’s capacity for which of the following?
generosity

Barbara Ehrenreich has suggested that the primary resource extracted from the worlds poorer nations today is which of the following
love

belief that whites are biologically different from and intellectually superior to people of other races is referred to as:
white supremacy

Bourdieu noticed that, in educational systems, “social and class relations of prestige or lack of prestige are passed from one generation to the next.” Which of the following terms best defines this phenomenon?
social reproduction

By collecting kinship data from cultures worldwide, early anthropologists
found that:
there were only six different ways of organizing relatives.

By studying the “fag discourse” in US schools, anthropologists have learned that:
girls can increase their status by performing masculine behavior.

Changing patterns over time demonstrate that marriage, family, and kinship are
cultural:
constructs

Clans that do not permit marriages within the group are considered:
exogamous

closed system of stratification in a society is known as which of the following?
caste system

Coffee, chocolate, cinnamon, wheat, indio, rosy, faded, blond, fair, dark, and ashen are racial classifications found in:
the US

combined vast array of cross-cultural research about human sexuality is referred to in your chapter as the __________ of human sexuality
ethnocartography

Complex innovations that allow humans to cope with the environment are called:
cultural adaptations

concept of ethnic boundary markers refers to
traits distinct to an ethnic group, including cultural practices, food, clothing, and architecture.

conception of the nuclear family as the idealized kinship structure in American culture came to prominence
after World War II, when the United States experienced a period of economic expansion.

Croat attempts to remove Muslim individuals from a village in the former Yugoslavia (now central Bosnia) are an example of which of the following terms
ethnic cleansing

deliberate and systematic destruction of an ethnic or religious group” without regard to specific geographic location is best known as which of the following:
genocide

discussion of machismo in latin america indicates that
conceptions of machismo and masculinity are variable and shifting

Discussions regarding same-sex marriage in the United States are a clear example of changing patterns of:
kinship

Domestic violence refers to
physical, sexual, or psychological harm caused by a current or former partner or spouse.

During the 2010 World Cup, the Boateng brothers played for different nations, despite having both grown up in Germany. What does this suggest about nationality?
Nationality is a cultural construct that can change based on circumstances

early feminist anthropological studies focused on identifying
the underlying roots of universal male dominance

economic forces of globalization have
decreased the number of manufacturing jobs in the United States.

Egalitarian societies depend on sharing which of the following in order to ensure group success?
resources

Enculturation that takes place within a family shapes individuals’ lives:
outside of the household, including ways they think about gender roles, the division of labor, religious practices, warfare, politics, migration, and nationalism.

ethnic conflict that led to genocide in Rwanda was set in motion by decades of colonial rule by which nation?
Belgium

European colonial administrations outlawed marriage between Europeans and indigenous populations in order to
protect the racial purity of European identity

extreme stratification in todays world is a fairly recent development in human history.” Anthropologists see the development of which of the following as primarily responsible for this fundamental transition away from egalitarianism?
intensive agriculture

oldest known stone tool industry is called
Oldowan tool industry

first controlled use of fire was likely achieved by
Home Erectus

Modern homo sapiens appear as early as
200,000 yBP

Physical anthropologists adhere to which of the following theories of human origin:
Theory of Evolution

Types of evidence that are used to help us learn about the origins of humanity are:
fossils, dating techniques, and DNA analysis

theory of evolution refers to the idea that:
biological adaptations to changes in the natural environment occur over generations

Scientists use the term theory to refer to an:
overarching idea that links and makes sense of many pieces of factual evidence to explain an event

In 1926, john scopes, a high school teacher was fined 100$ for:
teaching evolution in a public school

Which of the following absorbs ultraviolet radiation as a natural sunscreen?
Melanin

Ultraviolet radiation can cause which of the following?
Destruction of folate

group of related organisms that can interbreed and produce fertile, viable offspring are called a:
Species

Gene migration is defined as:
the exchange of genes between populations

Scientists who study fossil remains of our early human ancestors are called:
paleoanthropologists

Is the racial classification system found in the United States universal to all cultures
No, cultures classify racial groups differently as a result of their unique histories.

Racial classes are:
cultural frameworks that shape the allocation of power, privilege, and status.

Institutional racism is defined by:
Patterns by which racial inequality is structured through key cultural institutions, policies, and systems

In the 1954 court case Brown v. Board of Education, the United States Supreme Court ruled that
state laws establishing racially segregated public schools were unconstitutional and that separate educational facilities were inherently unequal

Racial ideologies that establish one race as better than another are the result of:
distinct culture histories that allow the discriminatory behaviors of individuals and institutions to seem reasonable, rational, and normal.

system of economic, military, and political control of one country over another is referred to as:
Colonialism

pseudoscience attempting to scientifically prove the existence of separate human races to improve the population’s genetic composition by favoring some races over others is known as:
Eugenics

set of popular ideas about race that allows the discriminatory behaviors of individuals and institutions to seem reasonable, rational, and normal is referred to as:
Racial ideology

What is another name for the “one drop rule” that is used for determining race:
Hypodescent

What rule assigns the children of racially “mixed” unions to the subordinate group:
hypodescent

Why does Benedict Anderson refer to nations as “imagined” communities:
He argues that nations are cultural constructions that lead people to believe they have a common heritage and collective responsibility to the nation

What influences have inspired the development of national identities:
shared religious belief systems, resistance to colonial oppression, pride in national athletic achievement

Which of the following terms is defined as “a sense of historical, cultural, and sometimes ancestral connection to a group of people who are imagined to be distinct from those outside the group:
ethnicity

process by which “minorities adopt the patterns and norms of the dominant culture and eventually cease to exist as separate groups” is known as which of the following:
assimilation

Which of the following is referred to in the chapter as a “ninety-minute nation”:
England

Which of the following terms is defined as “a sense of historical, cultural, and sometimes ancestral connection to a group of people who are imagined to be distinct from those outside the group:
ethnicity

it is unlikely that you will ever meet each and every member of your home nation. At the same time, you believe yourself to hold certain beliefs and ideas in common with these individuals, as citizens of the nation. Which of the following terms best defines this concept:
imagined community

in discussing challenges associated with building a sense of nationhood, your chapter presents the question “Are there any Iraqis in Iraq?” What contemporary reality is the source of this question:
Iraqis are deeply split along ethnic affiliations, holding these allegiances as a priority over nationhood

story told about the founding and history of a particular group to reinforce a common sense of identity” is known as which of the following:
origin myth

practice or belief, such as food, clothing, language, shared name, or religion, used to signify who is in a group and who is not” is known as which of the following:
ethnic boundary marker

group of former slaves settled sea islands off the Georgia coast beginning in the 1700s. Today, this group is known as the Gullah, and it has its own unique language and culture. Which term would best describe the creation of this new cultural group:
ethnogensis

Which of the following is an example of groupism?
the temptation to divide human populations into distinct groups despite rather fuzzy boundaries

Professional golfer Tiger Woods has parents from two different ethnic groups ? African American and Asian American. He has been criticized in the past for identifying with both of these groups at different times. Anthropologically, we see this behavior not as reason for critique, but rather an example of which of the following terms?
situational negotiation of identity

process by which “minorities adopt the patterns and norms of the dominant culture and eventually cease to exist as separate groups” is known as which of the following terms?
assimilation

historical term meant to belittle and vilify “mixed” marriages is:
miscegenation

Individual thoughts and actions and institutional patterns and policies that create unequal access to power, resources, and opportunities based on imagined differences among groups are referred to as:
racism

What is described in the text as “an invisible package of unearned assets” that are the legacy of generations of racial discrimination?
white privilege

way people actually look is the result of their genetic traits and the environment they live in. This is known as their:
phenotype

What is another name for the “one drop rule” that is used for determining race?
hypodescent

Which term refers to laws implemented after the US Civil War to legally enforce segregation, particularly in the South, after the end of slavery?
Jim Crow

process that preserves an organism through a chemical process that turns it partially or wholly into rock is called:
fossilization

group of people who share an idea of cultural and ancestral connection and who see themselves as distinct from people in other groups is described as an
ethnicity

How long has the Iraqi ethnicity existed in the Middle East?
never

process though which new immigrants and their children enculturate into the dominant national culture but retain a distinct ethnic culture is referred to as:
multiculturalism

What term was used in the past to describe a group of people but now refers to a country?
nation

invented sense of connection and shared traditions that underlies identification with a particular ethnic group or nation whose members likely will never meet refers to the concept of:
imagined community

term “gender” refers to the
expectations of thought and behavior that a culture assigns to people of different sexes.

Which of the following can be considered examples of performing gender?
-males of high school age engaging in “fag discourse”
-Mexican men articulating concepts of machismo to their male friends
-a bride and her bridesmaids going to a hair and nail salon in preparation for the wedding

Landers and Fines study of a coed T-ball league found that boys and girls
were taught gendered behavior by their coaches and parents.

Globally, what percentage of children who are unable to attend school are girls
67 percent

When the anthropologist Annette Weiner revisited Bronislaw Malinowskis research on the Trobriand Islands, she found that Malinowski had
overlooked the important roles played by women in ritual exchange relationships.

Man the Hunter, Woman the Gatherer narrative presents
none of these

Research into the cultural construction of masculinity and femininity across cultures as flexible, complex, and historically and culturally constructed categories.” is known as which of the following?
gender studies

Which of the following terms best describes “the observable physical differences between male and female human beings, especially the biological differences related to human reproduction”?
sex

Sex is to biology as __________ is to culture.
gender

Human males are, on average, stronger than human females. Human females, on average, live longer than human males. These are all examples of what?
sexual dimorphism

Individuals who have some combination of male and female genitalia, gonads, and chromosomes” are known as which of the following
intersexual

Individuals whose gender identities or performances do not fit with cultural norms related to their assigned sex at birth” are known as which of the following
transgendered

Which of the following is used by students in U.S. high schools to establish and guard constructions of masculinity, according to C.J. Pascoe
fag discourse

Which of the following terms has been defined by Michel Foucault as “the disciplining of the body through control of biological sex characteristics to meet cultural needs for clear distinctions between the sexes”?
bipower

Transgendered individuals are common in many Native American groups. Which of the following terms is most appropriately used today to describe such individuals
two spirits

What percentage of the worlds poorest people are women and girls?
60 percent

True or false? Males are the universally dominant gender in human societies.
false, because previous assumptions of universal male dominance were revealed to be overly simplistic in their reading of contemporary cultures.

Henry believes that women are poorly suited to athletic activities, and should do all of the cooking and cleaning around the home. Aside from being seen as particularly boorish by contemporary American cultural standards, Henry?s beliefs are an example of which of the following
gender stereotypes

set of cultural ideas about men and women essential character, capabilities, and value that consciously or unconsciously promote and justify gender stratification” is known as which of the following
gender ideology

This group participated in movements for greater democratization in El Salvador, particularly demanding the inclusion of women at all levels of El Salvadors political decision-making bodies.? They were known as the:
CO-MADRES

In his studies of human sexual behavior, Alfred Kinsey found that
human being exhibited a spectrum of sexual behaviors ranging from exclusively heterosexual to exclusively homosexual.

term transgender is used to refer to people whose
gender identity or gender expression differs from the sex they were assigned at birth.

In her study “White Weddings,” Chrys Ingraham argues that the American wedding industry
-aids in the construction of a dominant heterosexual identity.
-works to teach children what they want in a partner and spouse.
-exacerbates inequalities of wealth through conspicuous consumption.

Governments attempt to intervene in sexuality by
-defining who can and cannot marry.
-outlawing certain forms of sexual practices.
-protecting the rights of some sexual groups but not other

high level of sexual violence on college campuses has caused college administrations to
develop comprehensive sexual assault and rape awareness programs.

Sambia “believed that adult males need to supply boys with __________ in order to ensure their development into manhood.”
semen

Ivonne believes that people, events, and the cultural environment around us shape our sexual desires and behaviors. This is the __________ theoretical approach to human sexuality.
constructionist

Surinamese “women who form intimate spiritual, emotional, and sexual relationships with other women” are known as which of the following?
mati

term “heterosexual” was first used in the United States only in 1892. At that time, what cultural meaning was most commonly assigned to the term, according to Victorian ideals?
Negative, as in heterosexuals defy religious teachings by procreating for fun as opposed to for purposes of reproduction.

scientific study of sexuality that began to emerge in the United States in the late 1800s and continues today is known as which of the following?
sexology

Which of the following animals have sex for fun as opposed to exclusively for reproduction?
Humans, dolphins and bonobos

matrilineal descent pattern traces descent
through the mothers line only

term “endogamy” refers to a marriage pattern by which one is expected to marry a
partner from inside the group

Which of the following terms best describes “the system of meaning and power that cultures create to determine who is related to whom and to define their mutual expectations, rights, and responsibilities
kinship

Marriages based on love, intimacy, and personal pleasure, as opposed to social obligation, are known as __________
companionate marriages

In what percentage of human cultures do we see some form of incest taboo?
100 percent

In her ethnographic study Families We Choose, Kath Weston demonstrates that kinship networks
can be constructed through personal choice

recent increase in same-sex marriages in the United States represents
all of these
-the flexibility of kinship networks to adapt to chosen families.
-the ways in which cultural norms can be contested and debated on the public stage.
-the ways in which the legal structure can be changed and adapted to new circumstances

kinship group in which primary relationships are traced through consanguine (blood) relatives” is known as which of the following?
descent group

type of descent group that traces genealogical connection through generations by linking persons to a founding ancestor,” with documentation, is best known as which of the following?
lineage

type of descent group based on a claim to a founding ancestor but lacking genealogical documentation is best known as which of the following?
clan

kinship relationship established through marriage and/or alliance, not through biology or common descent” is known as which of the following?
affinal relationship

Marriages based on love, intimacy, and personal pleasure, as opposed to social obligation, are known as which of the following
companionate marriages

Traditionally, Nuer men could be married to more than one woman. Which term best describes this practice?
polygyny

In certain remote parts of Tibet, one woman will become married to all of the brothers in a particular family. Which term best describes this practice
polyandry

Which of the following terms refers to marriage to one person (only)?
monogamy

In the United States, law and custom forbid marriage to certain family members. These laws and customs perpetuate:
kindred exogamy

gift from the groom and his kin to the brides kin” is best known as which of the following terms?
bridewealth

In India, the compulsory practice of a brides family providing gifts to the grooms family upon marriage was outlawed in 1961, as it led to multiple cases of domestic violence. This practice was best known as which of the following terms?
dowry

family you are born into is known as the family of __________. The family people construct when they reach adulthood and acquire a mate is the family of __________.
orientation; procreation

incest taboo universally prohibits sexual relations:
between parents and children and siblings.

Which of the following statements about marriage is true?
Marriage occurs in every culture in some form, but its exact characteristics vary widely.

Which of the following statements about kinship is true?
Kinship is the system that determines who is related to whom in a given society.

Families and kinship networks have the power to provide support and to nurture, as well as to ensure reproduction of which of the following?
the next generation

Which type of assisted reproductive technology involves the implantation of a woman’s egg that has been fertilized in a laboratory?
in vitro fertilization

patrilineal descent group traces kinships through which side of the family?
fathers

Which of the following types of marriage consists of one individual married to one other individual only (most commonly one man married to one woman)?
monogamy

Which of the following builds kinship ties between two people who are not typically immediate biological kin?
marriage

Which of the following phenomenon is currently placing stress on kinship systems worldwide?
globalization

Individuals in descent groups whose primary relationships are determined in the United States via “blood” relations are generally called which of the following types of relatives?
consanguineal

form of reproductive technology that involves the creation of genetically identical copies of cells or whole organisms is called:
cloning

Which of the following terms is defined as the system of meaning and power that cultures create to determine who is related to whom and to define their mutual expectations, rights, and responsibilities?
kinship

Uneven economic development among nations around the world is
a characteristic of the global capitalist economic system.

Which of the following terms best describes “a system of power based on wealth, income, and status that creates an unequal distribution of the societys resources
class

tribal chief collects a portion of each familys crop production each year, then shares that food with everyone via large feast celebrations. Which of the following terms best defines this practice
redistribution

In 1967, the top 5 percent of American households received 16.3 percent of all income earned in the United States that year. What percentage of all U.S. earned income did the top 5 percent of American households receive in 2011
22.3 percent

Today, what percentage of the worlds population lives in poverty (defined by the United Nations as income of less than $2 per day)?
40 percent

Hunter-gatherer societies typically survive through “the sharing of resources to ensure success with a relative absence of hierarchy and violence.” Which of the following terms best describes this type of society
egalitarian

Ju/Hoansi of Namibia and Botswana place great value on the sharing of resources and responsibilities between group members. For instance, one successfully hunted animal will be divided among everyone in the community. Which of the following terms best defines this system?
reciprocity

group in which wealth is not stratified but prestige and status are” is best defined as which of the following terms?
ranked society

Which of the following income ranges represents the middle 20 percent of American household incomes in 2011?
$38,520-$62,434

Theories that link ongoing poverty to the personal failings of the individual, family, or community are referred to as which of the following?
culture of poverty

Which of the following is defined as the act of gift giving within a ranked society that serves as a form of sharing accumulated wealth and enhancing the chief’s prestige?
redistribution

Theorist Max Weber argued that analyzing emerging structures of stratification required an examination of which of the following?
power and prestige

income gaps between the highest earners and the lowest earners in the United States have
increased substantially during the past five decades due to changes in the tax code and stagnating salaries.

Working-class people who lacked land to grow their own food, tools to make their own products, and capital to build workshops and therefore had to sell their labor were considered which of the following classes of people, according to Karl Marx?
proletariate

Which of the following is another key to the social reproduction of class and was defined by Bourdieu as the knowledge, habits, and tastes learned from parents and family that people use to gain access to scarce and valuable resources in society?
cultural capitol

movement of one’s class position-whether upward or downward-in stratified societies is called:
social mobility

Hunger reflects growing global inequality and is a result of:
the uneven distribution of food despite the sufficient amount of food available to feed the world’s poor.

Karl Marx argued that the proletariat were unable to develop a political awareness of their class position because:
they were continually occupied with the struggle to make ends meet.

Which of the following is a system of power based on wealth, income, and status that creates an unequal distribution of a society’s resources?
class

Which of the following is a type of status that is established and changeable during a person’s lifetime?
achieved

Which of the following statements is true?
Class is rarely discussed in the United States and consequently is largely off the radar screen regarding public discourse.

In the United States, an individual’s life chances are:
stratified by class as well as race and gender.

Which of the following terms best describes “a system of power based on wealth, income, and status that creates an unequal distribution of the society’s resources”?
class

Hunter-gatherer societies typically survive through “the sharing of resources to ensure success with a relative absence of hierarchy and violence.” Which of the following terms best describes this type of society?
egalitarian society

group in which wealth is not stratified but prestige and status are” is best defined as which of the following terms?
ranked society

Ida Sussers initial research focused on:
student movement at kent state university

improved conditions across the globe indicate that the Millenial goal of achieving gender equality:
is in fact far from complete, even though conditions have improved

Matthew Guttmans research in mexico indicates that:
masculine identity is in flux and negotiable

Ida Sussers approach to research on HIV prevention in south africa exemplifies:
engaged anthropology

which of the following is not considered a secondary sex characteristic
genitalia

under the rules of machismo, the machista is considered
a manly man

mati may engage in sexual relationships with
men and women

women who imitate spiritual, emotional, and sexual relationships with other woman are called:
mati

which of the following statements about the mati of suriname is true?
mati regard sexuality as a flexible behavior rather than fixed identity.

heterosexuality in the US
is a relatively new invention, and not the historical norm

the lives of european woman living in colonies were restricted in all except which of the following gender specific ways?
religious

restudy of women’s role in the Trobriand Island exchanges indicated that:
women exchanged banana fiber skirts during funerary activities.

The process through which a sense of gender becomes normative and seems
natural is called:
enculturation

Gender ideology is defined as:
culturally based preconceived notions about the
attributes of differences between, and proper roles for, men and women.

In Kano, Nigeria, Rudolf Gaudio found that the code term for men who have sex
with other men is:
masu harka.

wedding industry is which of the following?
the network of commercial
activities and social institutions that market weddings in the United States

Similar to membership in a family, citizenship in a nation-state derives mostly
from:
birth and biology

Which of the following types of descent groups traces kinship through both the
mother and the father?
Ambilineal

Which type of marriage between two individuals is negotiated in order to form economic and political alliances between larger kinship groups?
Arranged

gift exchange practice that helps stabilize a marriage by establishing a vested interest for both the groom’s and bride’s extended families in the success of the marriage.
Bridewealth

Which of the following cultures has generally NOT constructed large social networks based on descent and kinship connections?
US

Max Weber referred to the opportunities that individuals have to improve their quality of life and realize their life goals as:
life chances.

Pierre Bourdieu worked to understand the relationship between class, culture, and power by examining which of the following phenomenon in schools?
social reproduction

Leith Mullings argues that class cannot be studied in isolation but rather must be considered together with race and gender as interlocking systems of:
power

Theorist Pierre Bourdieu found that which of the following systems did not provide opportunities for social class mobility, but instead helped reproduce the
social class relations that already existed?
Educational

Since the mid-1970s, class inequality in the United States has:
increased due to decreasing tax rates for the wealthy and stagnating salaries for the middle
class.

marginalized group outside of India’s primary castes who are typically assigned the most spiritually polluting work and are deemed “untouchable” by the
general population are the:
Dalits

Hunger reflects growing global inequality and is a result of:
the unevendistribution of food despite the sufficient amount of food available to feed the
world’s poor.

Which of the following members of a ranked society do not accumulate great
wealth, despite their high prestige?
Chiefs

famous redistribution ceremony that is commonly practiced among Native American groups such as the Kwakiutl of the Pacific Northwest is called:
potlatch

Which of the following statements is true?
Each society develops its own patterns of stratification that differentiate people into groups or classes

Which of the following statements is true?
Wealth in the United States is even
more unevenly distributed than income, and the gap continues to widen.

Which of the following does not factor into biological differences between men and women?
Hair length

On average, human men weigh
15 percent more than women

Studies on women’s participation in the industrialized labor force
indicate that
patriarchal relations in the home were repeated in the workplace

Harvard-trained biologist and zoologist Alfred Kinsey’s study on human sexuality revealed which of the following?
A continuum of sexual behavior

Margaret Mead’s work in the islands of the western Pacific contributed which of the following to a greater understanding of human sexuality?
This work challenged the assumptions that U.S. attitudes about sexuality were universal traits fixed in human nature.

Which of the following is NOT a motivation that cultural anthropologist Denise Brennan lists for young, rural, poor Dominican women to migrate to towns like Sosua?
to have a vacation

Sex tourists in the Dominican Republic are typically:
white European men

First cousin marriages (between the children of two siblings) are legally prohibited in
some states in the United States of America

Which of the following consists of wages earned from workplus dividends and interest on investments along with rents and royalties?
income

Which of the following is a pattern of relationship in which group
members equally share resources and responsibilities over time
based on mutual exchange?
Reciprocity

Which of the following statements is true?
Class is rarely discussed in the United States and consequently is largely off the radar screen
regarding public discourse

Social patterns entrenched in hierarchy and stratification have emerged:
only more recently in human history when compared to egalitarian social patterns

Kinship includes:
biological descent and marriage alliances, but also practices such as fostering and fictive kin.